Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta

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The Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta is a river delta located where the Yukon and Kuskokwim rivers empty into the Bering Sea on the west coast of the U.S. state of Alaska. At approximately 129,500 square kilometers (50,000 sq mi) in size,[1] it is one of the largest deltas in the world.[2][3] It is larger than the Mississippi Delta (which varies between 32,400 and 122,000 square kilometers (12,500 and 47,100 sq mi)),[1] and comparable in size to the U.S. state of Louisiana (135,700 square kilometers (52,400 sq mi)).[4] The delta, which mostly consists of tundra, is protected as part of the Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge.

The delta has approximately 25,000 residents. 85% of these are Alaska Natives, both Yupik Eskimos and Athabaskan Indians. The main population center and service hub is the city of Bethel, with an estimated population of around 6,219 (as of 2011).[5] Bethel is surrounded by 49 smaller villages, with the largest villages consisting of over 1,000 people. Most residents live a traditional subsistence lifestyle of hunting, fishing, and gathering, and over 30 percent have cash incomes well below the federal poverty threshold.

The area has virtually no roads; travel is by Bush plane, or by river boats in summer and snowmachines in winter.

In Bethel, the town is the home of the Yukon Kuskokwim Correctional Center.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lyman K. Thorsteinson; Paul R. Becker; David A. Hale (1989). The Yukon Delta: a synthesis of information. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 
  2. ^ International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (1993). Wetlands in danger. Mitchell Beazley (in association with IUCN-The World Conservation Union). p. 62. ISBN 978-1-85732-166-1. 
  3. ^ U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Region 7 (1987). Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge: comprehensive conservation plan, environmental impact statement, wilderness review, and wild river plan : draft. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. p. xi. 
  4. ^ "United States Summary: 2010, Population and Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. September 2012. pp. V–2, 1 & 41 (Tables 1 & 18). Retrieved February 7, 2014. 
  5. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/02/0206520.html retrieved Nov 16, 2012
  6. ^ Alaska Dept of Corrections

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 61°22′0.0″N 163°43′0.0″W / 61.366667°N 163.716667°W / 61.366667; -163.716667