Yulon

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Yulon Motor
裕隆汽車
Type Public
Industry Automotive Industry
Founded 10 September 1953
Headquarters Miaoli County, Taiwan
Key people Kenneth Yen (Chairman)
Products Automobiles
Revenue US$500,000,000 (2010)[1]
Owner(s) Yen Family
Divisions Luxgen
Tobe
Subsidiaries Yulon-Nissan Motor Co Ltd (50%)
Dongfeng Yulon (50%)
Yulon GM (50%)
Website yulon-motor.com.tw

Yulon Motor (Chinese: 裕隆汽車; pinyin: Yùlóng Qìchē) is a Taiwanese automaker and importer.[2] Taiwan's biggest automaker as of 2010, Yulon is known for building Nissan models under license.[3] The original romanization of the company's name is Yue Loong, but in 1992 the company renewed its logo and switched to the shorter Yulon name. Historically, it is one of Taiwan's "big four" automakers.[4]

Yulon created a new brand to sell self-designed cars, Luxgen, in 2010.

History[edit]

Incorporated in September 1953[5] as a machinery company by Ching-Ling Yen,[6] today Yulon Motor Co., Ltd. is part of the Yulon Group, a Taiwanese conglomerate.[7]

The company is associated with the creation of a Taiwanese auto industry aided by its government.[2] This pattern is being again realized by Malaysia's Proton. During 1953-1960 an era of "passive protection" reigned and Yulon grew with the assistance of protectionary tariffs of 40-60%.[8] Parts and components received substantially lower tariffs to help fledgling carmakers.[8]

Yulon tried very hard across the world to find a foreign partner for building cars, but it wasn't until 1956 that an American company, Willys, agreed to share technology.[9] The next year Yulon began its long-lasting partnership with Nissan.[9]

While the first Yulon model was a 1956 jeep, with engine production beginning in September 1956, passenger car assembly only started in 1960 with the Bluebird after an agreement with Nissan was signed in 1957.[9] While primarily building Nissans and other cars under license, Yulon did design and produced at least one original family car of its own, the 1986 Feeling 101.[10] Until the introduction of the Nissan branded Cefiro A32 (in February 1996[11]), the various license-built Nissans had all been branded Yue Loong (Yulon after 1992).[12]

Nissan[edit]

Yulon has a strong cooperative relationship with this Japanese automaker dating to 1957.[9] After the 1985 passing of a Taiwanese act, the Automobile Industry Development Act (AIDA), Yulon reluctantly accepted Nissan taking a 25% stake.[13] Nissan maintained their ownership in Yulon until at least 2003[14] when a restructuring created Yulon-Nissan Motor Co Ltd,[6] a separate company that focuses on complementing Japanese mainland China activities with research, design and manufacturing assistance.

Assembler[edit]

With production bases located in China, Philippines and Taiwan, Yulon makes license-built[citation needed] versions of many automakers' models.[15] The companies it manufactures in cooperation with include Chrysler, Geely,[16] GM, Mercedes Benz, Mitsubishi and Nissan. It assembles most of the vehicles from complete knock down kits.[citation needed]

The company has used its design and engineering expertise to localize its manufactures to suit Taiwanese tastes.[14]

Importer[edit]

While Yulon continues to manufacture vehicles for sale on the Taiwanese market,[2] it now also imports Nissan,[citation needed] Infiniti,[citation needed] and Renault[6] models for sale in the domestic Taiwanese market.

Own brands[edit]

A Luxgen minivan

Intent on maintaining the ability to capitalize on emerging market growth, Yulon debuted two own-brands in quick succession, beginning in 2008.

Luxgen[edit]

Main article: Luxgen

The first Taiwanese auto brand, Luxgen (Chinese: 納智捷), was created by Yulon in 2008.[17] Unlike Yulon's other operations,[citation needed] Luxgen cars are self-developed,[18] although some components, such as engines, required foreign design assistance.[19] As of 2010, Luxgen products are sold in Taiwan and Oman,[20] but it plans to soon sell in a number of other emerging markets, too. In 2011, the company announced that it will invest an additional NT$500 million in 18 more dealerships to sell cars under its Luxgen brand.[1]

Tobe[edit]

Yulon's second brand, Tobe (Chinese: 酷比), was established in 2009. Tobe, as of 2010, sells its sole product, a re-badged, re-designed Geely Panda called the Tobe M’Car, in Taiwan and Vietnam.[21] Plans to enter other emerging markets exist.[22]

Recent developments[edit]

On August 18, 2009, Yulon revealed the first car for its new Luxgen brand. In 2011, it plans to invest NT$13 billion to improve its manufacturing capacity in addition to releasing four new models.[1]

Production bases[edit]

Yulon has a number of production bases in several countries, including China, Philippines, Taiwan and probably Thailand.[15]

Philippines[edit]

In 1999 Yulon bought a 75% ownership of Nissan's newly built production base in Santa Rosa, Laguna province.[23] This occurred after the Nissan Motor Company pulled out of the Philippines after the Asian market crises caused poor sales in the country. In 2013, it was announced that Nissan Motor Company of Japan will be again taking over Nissan in the Philippines.[24] This comes after dismal sales and poor model updates from Yulon Taiwan, which ranked Nissan Philippines well below local rivals from Toyota, Mitsubishi, and Hyundai—not reflective of its ranking as no. 6 global carmaker.[25]

China[edit]

Initial production base investment in China for Yulon was buying 5% ownership in a Southern China production base in the 1990s.[4] 2000 saw another, larger Chinese production base investment this time of 25%.[4] The latter acquisition was probably in Fengsheng Motors, a Dongfeng Motors subsidiary.

As of 2003, Yulon had 25% ownership in the subsidiary yielding access to production bases in Huadu District, Guangzhou, Guangdong province and Xiangfan, Hubei province.[14]

Chinese joint ventures[edit]

All of Yulon's joint ventures in China are with Dongfeng Motor.

Dongfeng Yulon[edit]

Main article: Dongfeng Yulon

A joint venture with Chinese automaker Dongfeng, called Dongfeng Yulon (or Dongfeng Luxgen[26]) was set up in 2009[18] and will manufacture Yulon's Luxgen models in China after the completion of a planned production base in Hangzhou in 2011.[3] The cars will be sold in China.[27]

Fengshen Automobile[edit]

In 2003 Yulon had part ownership in a subsidiary of Dongfeng Motor, Fengshen Automobile Co Ltd.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Yulon Group sees near-record auto earnings, expects more". Focus Taiwan News Channel. 2011-03-08. Retrieved 2011-03-08. 
  2. ^ a b c "Company History". Company History. Yulon Motor. Retrieved 2013-09-06. 
  3. ^ a b "Yulon to make Luxgen in China". Taipei Times. 2010-08-03. 
  4. ^ a b c Teresa M. Lynch (December 2010). "Leveraging capabilities: models of foreign production in the Taiwanese automotive industry". Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 
  5. ^ Chen, Chia-wen (1995). An Economic Analysis of Taiwan's Automobile Industry. Cambridge, MA: MIT. p. 16. 
  6. ^ a b c "Chronology". Yulon Motor. 
  7. ^ "Affiliated Companies - Automobiles". Yulon Group. 
  8. ^ a b Chen, Chia-wen, p. 24
  9. ^ a b c d Chen, Chia-wen, p. 26
  10. ^ Chen, Chia-wen, p. 93
  11. ^ "Chronology". Company History. Yulon Motor. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. 
  12. ^ "Het mysterie Yue Loong" [The Yue Loong Mystery]. AutoWeek.nl (in Dutch). Sanoma Men's Magazines B.V. 2009-01-30. 
  13. ^ Chen, Chia-wen, p. 29
  14. ^ a b c d "Taiwan: Becoming a Development Base for Toyota, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Ford; Honda Launches Production on Its Own". MarkLines.com. 2003-08-07. 
  15. ^ a b "About Luxgen - Corporate Story". Luxgen. 
  16. ^ "Chery Shapes Taiwanese Partners as Exporters". AnhuiNews.com. 2010-10-20. 
  17. ^ "Taiwan’s automobile brand LUXGEN announces its ambition to the world". Luxgen. 2010-03-05. 
  18. ^ a b "Prospect of Chinese sales drives Yulon Motor shares up". Taipei Times. 2010-09-07. 
  19. ^ "LUXGEN 2.2 L MEFI TURBO ENGINE: Light Weight and Efficient". Luxgen. 2010-05-13. 
  20. ^ "Taiwan’s LUXGEN MOTOR Signs First International Distribution Agreement". Luxgen. 2010-04-30. 
  21. ^ "Yulon's Tobe car unable to drive in reverse". The China Post. 2010-08-07. 
  22. ^ "Yulon introduces new Tobe brand vehicle". Taipei Times. 2009-11-18. 
  23. ^ Increasing Globalization and AFTA in 2003: What are the Prospects for the Philippine Automotive Industry?. Rafaelita A.M. Aldaba. Philippine Institute for Development Studies. Page 35, "Nissan: Worriedly Awaiting the Signal from Japan".
  24. ^ http://www.topgear.com.ph/news/industry-news/nissan-motor-co-to-return-to-ph-this-year-by-merging-nmpi-and-umc
  25. ^ http://oica.net/wp-content/uploads/ranking.pdf
  26. ^ "Dongfeng-Luxgen formally announce JV partnership". China Car Times. 2010-12-14. 
  27. ^ "Yulon’s LuxGen heading to China". Taipei Times. 2010-02-17. 

External links[edit]