Yumbe District

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Yumbe District
District
District location in Uganda
District location in Uganda
Coordinates: 03°28′N 31°15′E / 3.467°N 31.250°E / 3.467; 31.250
Country  Uganda
Region Northern Uganda
Sub-region West Nile sub-region
Capital Yumbe
Area
 • Total 2,393 km2 (924 sq mi)
Population (2012 Estimate)
 • Total 545,500
 • Density 228/km2 (590/sq mi)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Website Homepage

Yumbe District is a district in Northern Region, Uganda. Like most other Ugandan districts, it is named after its 'chief town', Yumbe, where the district headquarters are located.

Location[edit]

Yumbe District is one of Uganda's most northern districts. The district is bordered by South Sudan to the north, Moyo District to the east, Adjumani District to the southeast, Arua District to the south, Maracha District to the southwest and Koboko District to the west.[1] The district headquarters at Yumbe are located approximately 75 kilometres (47 mi), by road, north of Arua, the largest town in the sub-region.[2] The coordinates of the district are:03 28N, 31 15E.

Overview[edit]

Yumbe District was established in 2006 when Aringa County was split off Arua District and renamed Yumbe District.The people in the district are still suffering from the effects of the civil war, which lasted about twenty years (1980–2000). The peace agreement between UNRF2 and the Government of Uganda was signed in the year 2000 in Yumbe.

The majority (89%) of the people in the district are ethnic Lugbara. The Lugbara in Yumbe District speak a dialect called Aringa, which has no written form; it is only spoken. Other ethnicities include the Kakwa, Madi and the Alur. The Acholi are scattered along River Nile and mainly engage in fishing and hunting, along the river. They account for about 2% of the district's population.

The dialects spoken in the district include: Aringa Lugbara (majority), Kakwa, BARI, Madi and Alur. The second most-spoken language however is Swahili. In the urban areas, one might encounter individuals who can understand Arabic or English.

Population[edit]

The population in Yumbe District is mainly Muslim (76%),[3] which is a big exception for Uganda (80% of Ugandans are Christians). The fertility rate in the district is high (7.5).[4]

In 1991, the national population census estimated the district population at about 99,800. The 2002 national census estimated the population of the district at about 251,800 inhabitants. The annual population growth rate in Yumbe District was calculated at 8.2%. It was estimated that the population of Yumbe District in 2012 was approximately 545,500.[5]

The table below illustrates the growth of the district population between 2002 and 2012. All numbers are estimates. The next national population census in Uganda is planned for August 2014.[6]

Yumbe District Population Trends
Year Estimated Population
2002 251,800
2003 272,400
2004 294,700
2005 318,900
2006 345,000
2007 373,300
2008 403,900
2009 437,000
2010 472,800
2011 511,600

Economic activities[edit]

Subsistence agriculture is the main economic activity in the district, as is the case with most Ugandan districts. Crops grown include the following:[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Uganda District Map
  2. ^ "Map Showing Arua And Yumbe With Distance Marker". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  3. ^ UBOS, . (2002). "Self-Reported Religious Affiliations of Ugandans In 2002, By District". Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS). Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  4. ^ UBOS, . "Population Dynamics of Ugandans In 2002, By District". Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS). Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "Estimated Population of Yumbe District In 1991, 2002 & 2012". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  6. ^ Ninsiima, Racheal (14 July 2013). "Uganda Census Planned for 2014". The Observer (Uganda). Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  7. ^ "Profile of Yumbe District". Uganda Travel Guide. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 03°28′N 31°15′E / 3.467°N 31.250°E / 3.467; 31.250