District location in Uganda
|Sub-region||West Nile sub-region|
|• Total||2,393 km2 (924 sq mi)|
|Population (2012 Estimate)|
|• Density||228/km2 (590/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Yumbe District is one of Uganda's most northern districts. The district is bordered by South Sudan to the north, Moyo District to the east, Adjumani District to the southeast, Arua District to the south, Maracha District to the southwest and Koboko District to the west. The district headquarters at Yumbe are located approximately 75 kilometres (47 mi), by road, north of Arua, the largest town in the sub-region. The coordinates of the district are:03 28N, 31 15E.
Yumbe District was established in 2006 when Aringa County was split off Arua District and renamed Yumbe District.The people in the district are still suffering from the effects of the civil war, which lasted about twenty years (1980–2000). The peace agreement between UNRF2 and the Government of Uganda was signed in the year 2000 in Yumbe.
The majority (89%) of the people in the district are ethnic Lugbara. The Lugbara in Yumbe District speak a dialect called Aringa, which has no written form; it is only spoken. Other ethnicities include the Kakwa, Madi and the Alur. The Acholi are scattered along River Nile and mainly engage in fishing and hunting, along the river. They account for about 2% of the district's population.
The dialects spoken in the district include: Aringa Lugbara (majority), Kakwa, BARI, Madi and Alur. The second most-spoken language however is Swahili. In the urban areas, one might encounter individuals who can understand Arabic or English.
In 1991, the national population census estimated the district population at about 99,800. The 2002 national census estimated the population of the district at about 251,800 inhabitants. The annual population growth rate in Yumbe District was calculated at 8.2%. It was estimated that the population of Yumbe District in 2012 was approximately 545,500.
The table below illustrates the growth of the district population between 2002 and 2012. All numbers are estimates. The next national population census in Uganda is planned for August 2014.
|Yumbe District Population Trends|
Subsistence agriculture is the main economic activity in the district, as is the case with most Ugandan districts. Crops grown include the following: