Yuncheng

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For other uses, see Yuncheng (disambiguation).
Yuncheng
运城市
Prefecture-level city
Xiezhou Guandi Temple
Xiezhou Guandi Temple
Yuncheng (red) in Shanxi (orange)
Yuncheng (red) in Shanxi (orange)
Yuncheng is located in Shanxi
Yuncheng
Yuncheng
Location of the city center in Shanxi
Coordinates: 35°01′00″N 110°59′00″E / 35.01667°N 110.98333°E / 35.01667; 110.98333Coordinates: 35°01′00″N 110°59′00″E / 35.01667°N 110.98333°E / 35.01667; 110.98333
Country People's Republic of China
Province Shanxi
County-level divisions 13
Municipal seat Yanhu District
Government
 • Type Prefecture-level city
 • Communist Party Secretary Wang Maoshe (王茂设)
 • Mayor Wang Qingxian (王清宪)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 14,106 km2 (5,446 sq mi)
 • Urban 1,237 km2 (478 sq mi)
Elevation 370 m (1,210 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city 5,134,794
 • Density 360/km2 (940/sq mi)
 • Urban 680,043
 • Urban density 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 044000
Area code(s) 0359
License Plate M
Administrative division code 140800
ISO 3166-2 CN-14-08

Yùnchéng (simplified Chinese: 运城; traditional Chinese: 運城) is the southernmost prefecture-level city in Shanxi province, People's Republic of China. It borders Linfen and Jincheng municipalities to the north and east, and Henan and Shaanxi provinces to the south and west.

History[edit]

In early China,[when?] it was the location of the state of Kunwu (昆吾).

Administration[edit]

The Municipal executive, legislature and judiciary are in Yanhu District (盐湖区), together with the CPC and Public Security Bureau.

Map
Yuncheng mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Yanhu District 盐湖区 Yánhú Qū 620,000 1,237 501
2 Yongji City 永济市 Yǒngjì Shì 430,000 1,221 352
3 Hejin City 河津市 Héjīn Shì 360,000 593 607
4 Ruicheng County 芮城县 Ruìchéng Xiàn 380,000 1,161 327
5 Linyi County 临猗县 Línyī Xiàn 530,000 1,350 393
6 Wanrong County 万荣县 Wànróng Xiàn 420,000 1,037 405
7 Xinjiang County 新绛县 Xīnjiàng Xiàn 320,000 600 533
8 Jishan County 稷山县 Jìshān Xiàn 330,000 680 485
9 Wenxi County 闻喜县 Wénxǐ Xiàn 380,000 1,160 328
10 Xia County 夏县 Xià Xiàn 350,000 1,328 264
11 Jiang County 绛县 Jiàng Xiàn 270,000 968 279
12 Pinglu County 平陆县 Pínglù Xiàn 250,000 1,151 217
13 Yuanqu County 垣曲县 Yuánqǔ Xiàn 220,000 1,620 136

Geography[edit]

Yuncheng has a continental, monsoon-influenced semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with four distinct seasons.[2] Due to its southerly location and position to the north of the Zhongtiao Mountains, allowing for downsloping when winds are from the south, it is among the warmest locales in the province. Winters are cold and very dry, while summers are hot and humid. Monthly mean temperatures range from −0.9 °C (30.4 °F) in January to 27.4 °C (81.3 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 14.05 °C (57.3 °F). Over 60% of the annual rainfall occurs from June to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 45% in March to 54% in May and July, the city receives 2,219 hours of bright sunshine annually, low by Shanxi standards and north China.

Climate data for Yuncheng (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
8.5
(47.3)
14.3
(57.7)
21.8
(71.2)
27.4
(81.3)
31.8
(89.2)
32.6
(90.7)
31.4
(88.5)
26.3
(79.3)
20.2
(68.4)
12.4
(54.3)
6.3
(43.3)
19.8
(67.6)
Average low °C (°F) −5.6
(21.9)
−2.3
(27.9)
3.0
(37.4)
9.3
(48.7)
14.4
(57.9)
19.8
(67.6)
22.7
(72.9)
21.9
(71.4)
16.4
(61.5)
9.7
(49.5)
2.1
(35.8)
−4.1
(24.6)
8.9
(48.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5.0
(0.197)
6.6
(0.26)
20.1
(0.791)
38.1
(1.5)
46.6
(1.835)
65.1
(2.563)
110.0
(4.331)
82.2
(3.236)
79.2
(3.118)
51.7
(2.035)
20.2
(0.795)
4.6
(0.181)
529.4
(20.842)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.8 3.0 4.8 6.4 7.6 8.0 9.7 8.7 9.0 7.6 4.7 2.4 74.7
 % humidity 57 54 57 57 57 56 67 68 69 67 66 61 61.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 149.0 147.1 166.0 199.6 232.9 226.6 227.7 223.8 177.0 166.7 151.5 150.7 2,218.6
Percent possible sunshine 48 48 45 51 54 52 52 54 48 48 49 50 49.9
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Transportation[edit]

Public security issues[edit]

Rural communities in Yuncheng City have been the hunting grounds of Snakeheads, Chinese human trafficking mafia. Rural children, typically middle school students fit for labour, were "recruited" with the promise of jobs in China's southwest -- Longchuan County in Yunnan's Dehong Prefecture. Once in Longchuan the children were whisked ("through sugar-cane fields on a motorcycle") over the Sino-Burmese border into Kachin State and imprisoned. They were made to sign demands for ransom (e.g. 40 - 80,000 RMB). They are subjected to torture prior to making telephone appeals home.

For the "recruiter"/kidnappers the ethno-linguistic ties between the Jingpo citizens of Dehong and those of Kachin are an enabling factor, as is the ineffectiveness of Chinese-allied Myanmar police in this region of de facto independence (Cf. Nayoubeng Mountain militia); Interpol is of even less use, as Myanmar itself is a rogue state.

According to the Chinese-language Beijing News (20 January 2009), around 50 students left Yuncheng for the Snakehead "jobs" in September–October 2008. Some boys disappeared immediately, the rest were to follow. Two families whose sons had left Yuncheng in the middle of October paid ransoms on Nov 5; these boys reappeared in Longchuan on Nov 8. Back home in Shanxi, the boys told police and reporters that one of their cellmates had been one of the earliest-disappeared Yuncheng boys, and was in a very bad way ("nothing but skin and bones .. babbling like an idiot"). Yuncheng police paid a third ransom at year's end, and one boy, disappeared in late October, was retrieved on Jan 2.[3]

Notes and references[edit]