Yunlin County

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Yunlin County
雲林縣
County
Yunlin County Montage.PNG
Flag of Yunlin County
Flag
Coat of arms of Yunlin County
Coat of arms
Taiwan ROC political division map Yunlin County.svg
Coordinates: 23°42′18″N 120°28′34″E / 23.70489°N 120.47607°E / 23.70489; 120.47607Coordinates: 23°42′18″N 120°28′34″E / 23.70489°N 120.47607°E / 23.70489; 120.47607
Country Taiwan
Region Western Taiwan
Seat Douliu City
Largest city Douliu City
Boroughs 1 cities, 19 (5 urban, 14 rural) townships
Government
 • County Magistrate Su Chih-fen
Area
 • Total 1,290.84 km2 (498.40 sq mi)
Area rank 13 of 22
Population (Jan. 2014)
 • Total 707,389
 • Rank 12 of 22
 • Density 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC+8)
Website www.yunlin.gov.tw
Symbols
Bird Formosan Blue Magpie (Urocissa caerulea)
Flower Moth orchid (Phalaenopsis)
Tree Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)
Yunlin County
Traditional Chinese 雲林縣

Yunlin County (Chinese: 雲林縣; pinyin: Yúnlín Xiàn) is a county in the western part of Taiwan. It is located to the right of the Taiwan Strait, west of Nantou County and shares a border with Changhua County divided by the Zhuoshui River. Yunlin is one of the counties of Taiwan that is part of the Chianan Plain, a flat land rich for agriculture with abundant waters. Agricultural products of Yunlin county include pomelo, tea leaves, suan cai, papaya and muskmelon. Due to Yunlin's abundant waters, it has potential for hydroelectricity. Douliu is the largest, and capital city of Yunlin. Yunlin is one of the least developed counties on the West coast, thus emigration is a major problem.

History[edit]

Yunlin county's establishment can be dated back to the Qing Dynasty. Liu Mingchuan was in charge of Taiwan at the time, when Taiwan was divided into only a few counties. Due to the abundance of mountains, transportation and communication between bordering counties such as Changhua County and Chiayi County was difficult, so Liu suggested a new county called Yunlin for easier management.

In 1887, Yunlin became one of the four counties of Taiwan.

During the Japanese colonial times, Yunlin was again abolished and combined to Tainan Prefecture. However Douliu continues to be an important city of Central Taiwan.

In 1981, Douliu satisfied the Taiwanese Local Constitution and became the County-controlled city of Yunlin county.

Geography[edit]

Yunlin county is the only county that is not contiguous to a special municipality on the Taiwan main island.

Economics[edit]

Yunlin is still currently based on agricultural production, major jobs being fisheries (fresh water), although there are also industrial parks located in Yunlin as well.

Higher education[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Taiwan Railway Administration passes through Yunlin with stations:

Taiwan High Speed Rail is building a station in Yunlin to be completed at 2015.

Highways include:

Administration[edit]

Su Chih-fen, Magistrate of Yunlin County

Yunlin County is divided into 1 city, 5 urban townships and 14 rural townships. Douliu City is the county seat and home to Yunlin County Government and Yunlin County Council.

Name (Hanyu Pinyin) Hanzi Wade-Giles Tongyong Pinyin Taiwanese (POJ) Hakka Pha̍k-fa-sṳ
City
Douliu City 斗六市 Tou-liu Douliou Táu-la̍k Téu-liuk
Urban townships
Beigang Township 北港鎮 Pei-kang Beigang Pak-káng Pet-kóng
Dounan Township 斗南鎮 Tou-nan Dounan Táu-lâm Téu-nàm
Huwei Township 虎尾鎮 Hu-wei Huwei Hó͘-bóe Fú-mî
Tuku Township 土庫鎮 T'u-k'u Tuku Thô͘-khò͘ Thú-khù
Xiluo Township 西螺鎮 Hsi-luo Siluo Sai-lê Sî-lô
Rural townships
Baozhong Township 褒忠鄉 Pao-chung Baojhong Po-tiong Pô-chûng
Citong Township 莿桐鄉 Tz'u-t'ong Cihtong Chhì-tông Tshṳ̀-thùng
Dapi Township 大埤鄉 Ta-p'i Dapi Tōa-pi Thai-phî
Dongshi Township 東勢鄉 Tung-shih Dongshih Tang-sì Tûng-sṳ
Erlun Township 二崙鄉 Erh-lun Erlun Jī-lūn Ngi-lûn
Gukeng Township 古坑鄉 Ku-k'eng Gukeng Kó͘-kheⁿ Kú-hâng
Kouhu Township 口湖鄉 K'ou-hu Kouhu Kháu-ô͘ Khiéu-fù
Linnei Township 林內鄉 Lin-nei Linnei Nâ-lāi Lìm-nui
Lunbei Township 崙背鄉 Lun-pei Lunbei Lūn-pòe Lûn-poi
Mailiao Township 麥寮鄉 Mai-liao Mailiao Be̍h-liâu Ma̍k-liàu
Shuilin Township 水林鄉 Shui-lin Shueilun Chúi-nâ Súi-lìm
Sihu Township 四湖鄉 Ssu-hu Sihhu Sì-ô͘ Si-fù
Taixi Township 臺西鄉 T'ai-hsi Taisi Tâi-se Thòi-sî
Yuanchang Township 元長鄉 Yuan-ch'ang Yuanchang Goân-chiáng Ngièn-tshòng

Cultural Activities[edit]

Sports[edit]

In the National Games at Changhua 2011, Yunlin ranked 11 out of the 22 Counties and Cities of Taiwan. 10 Gold, 8 Silver and 8 Bronze.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Relative location[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]