|Largest city||Douliu City|
|Boroughs||1 cities, 19 (5 urban, 14 rural) townships|
|• County Magistrate||Lee Chin-yung (DPP)|
|• Total||1,290.84 km2 (498.40 sq mi)|
|Area rank||13 of 22|
|Population (Jan. 2014)|
|• Rank||12 of 22|
|• Density||550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC+8)|
|Bird||Formosan Blue Magpie (Urocissa caerulea)|
|Flower||Moth orchid (Phalaenopsis)|
|Tree||Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)|
Yunlin County (Chinese: 雲林縣; pinyin: Yúnlín Xiàn) is a county in the western part of Taiwan. It is located to the right of the Taiwan Strait, west of Nantou County and shares a border with Changhua County divided by the Zhuoshui River. Yunlin is one of the counties of Taiwan that is part of the Chianan Plain, a flat land rich for agriculture with abundant waters. Agricultural products of Yunlin county include pomelo, tea leaves, suan cai, papaya and muskmelon. Due to Yunlin's abundant waters, it has potential for hydroelectricity. Douliu is the largest, and capital city of Yunlin. Yunlin is one of the least developed counties on the West coast, thus emigration is a major problem.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Administration
- 4 Demographics and Culture
- 5 Economy
- 6 Education
- 7 Energy
- 8 Tourist attractions
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Relative location
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Yunlin county's establishment can be dated back to the Qing Dynasty. Liu Mingchuan was in charge of Taiwan at the time, when Taiwan was divided into only three counties in 1683, and Yunlin was part of Zhuluo County at that time. Due to the abundance of mountains, transportation and communication between bordering counties such as Changhua and Chiayi was difficult, so Liu suggested a new county called Yunlin for easier management. In 1887, Yunlin became one of the four counties of Taiwan Prefecture.
Empire of Japan
During the Japanese colonial times, Yunlin (Unrin) was again abolished due to the resistance from the local people and combined it to Tainan Prefecture. However Douliu (as Toroku Town, 斗六街) continued to be an important city of central Taiwan.
Republic of China
After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, the present day area of Yunlin County was administered under Tainan County. On 16 August 1950, Yunlin County was established after separating it from Tainan County with Douliu Township as the county seat. On 25 December 1981, Douliu Township was upgraded to a county-controlled city.
Yunlin County is located at the central-south portion of western Taiwan Island and is at the northern tip of Chianan Plain. The county is bordered with Nantou County to the east, Taiwan Strait to the west, Chiayi County to the south separated by Beigang River, and Changhua County to the north separated by Zhuoshui River. Its widest distance from east to west is 50 km and from north to south is 38 km, with a total area of 1,290.83 km2. Around 90% of its area is plain and another 10% is hilly terrain.
The weather in the county is sub-tropical climate with annual average temperature of 22.6 °C and an average annual rainfall of 1,028.9 mm.
Yunlin County is divided into 1 city, 5 urban townships and 14 rural townships. Douliu City is the county seat and home to Yunlin County Government and Yunlin County Council. Lee Chin-yung of the Democratic Progressive Party is the incumbent Magistrate of Yunlin County.
|Name (Hanyu Pinyin)||Hanzi||Wade-Giles||Tongyong Pinyin||Taiwanese (POJ)||Hakka Pha̍k-fa-sṳ|
Demographics and Culture
Culture-related activities in the county is regulated by the Bureau of Cultural Affairs of the Yunlin County Government, where they hold all kinds of exhibitions, speeches, performances and studies to promote the arts and all related activities.
The county government has been trying their best to promote sports of all kinds in the county. There are many sports facilities with international standards in Yunlin County. The first for-all-people games were held in Yunlin County in 2000. The county also hosted the 2005 National Games. In the 2011 National Games at Changhua, Yunlin ranked 11 out of the 22 Counties and Cities of Taiwan. 10 Gold, 8 Silver and 8 Bronze.
Yunlin is still currently based on agricultural production, major jobs being fisheries (fresh water), although there are also industrial parks located in Yunlin as well.
The farmland accounts for around 68% of total Yunlin County area. Due to its good weather and fertile land, the county has many kinds of agriculture products in different seasons. Their agricultural products are coffee, hard clams, horseshoe calms, Taiwan tilapa, shaddock, soy sauce, pickled cabbage, peanuts and sesame oil.
Yunlin County boats excellent fishing grounds along its coastline. There are several leading fishing ports such as Boziliao Fishing Port, Santiaolun Fishing Port, Taixi Fishing Port, Taizicun Fishing Port and Jinhu Fishing Port. Several institutions were established in the county to help the development of the county fishing industries, namely the Taixi Experimental Fishing Ground, Seawater Fish Farming Research Center, Aquaculture Experimental Station and Agriculture Council.
The livestock farming of pigs, cows, chickens, geese and ducks are running well in Yunlin County. The county government has been aggressively helping the dairy farmers to upgrade their feeding techniques and also set up a meat-packing company using machine-cutting livestock with auction by computer.
The county government plans to develop the tourism and recreational industry within the county with focus on fishing, by establishing a holiday fish market in Buozihliao Fishing Port in hope to attract more visitors and help the tourism industry to develop.
The county is home to four universities, which are China Medical University Beigang Campus, National Formosa University, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology and TransWorld University. There are 8 national senior high schools, 9 private high schools, 32 junior high schools and 156 elementary schools. There is also the National Yunlin Special Education School for special education.
To promote life-long learning, the Yunlin County Government established a community university in 2001 with 6 learning centers to offer county residents more opportunities.
Yunlin County houses one power plant, the Mailiao Power Plant, which is located at Mailiao Township. Commissioned in July 1999, the power plant has a capacity of 4,200 MW, the third largest coal-fired power plant in Taiwan.
Tourist town in Yunlin County is Caoling.
Regular festivals held in the county such as the Beigang International Music Festival.
Theme park in the county is the Janfusun Fancyworld.
Yunlin County houses the Erlun Sports Park.
Taiwan Railway Administration passes through Yunlin with stations:
Taiwan High Speed Rail is building a station in Yunlin to be completed at 2015.
Highways connecting to Yunlin County are National Highway No. 1 and National Highway No. 3. Famous bridge in the county are the Xiluo Bridge, connecting the county to the neighboring Changhua County, and Beigang Tourist Bridge, connecting the county to the neighboring Chiayi County.
|Taiwan Strait (South China Sea)||Nantou County|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yunlin County.|