|Largest city||Douliu City|
|Boroughs||1 cities, 19 (5 urban, 14 rural) townships|
|• County Magistrate||Su Chih-fen|
|• Total||1,290.84 km2 (498.40 sq mi)|
|Area rank||13 of 22|
|Population (Jan. 2014)|
|• Rank||12 of 22|
|• Density||550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC+8)|
|Bird||Formosan Blue Magpie (Urocissa caerulea)|
|Flower||Moth orchid (Phalaenopsis)|
|Tree||Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)|
Yunlin County (Chinese: 雲林縣; pinyin: Yúnlín Xiàn) is a county in the western part of Taiwan. It is located to the right of the Taiwan Strait, west of Nantou County and shares a border with Changhua County divided by the Zhuoshui River. Yunlin is one of the counties of Taiwan that is part of the Chianan Plain, a flat land rich for agriculture with abundant waters. Agricultural products of Yunlin county include pomelo, tea leaves, suan cai, papaya and muskmelon. Due to Yunlin's abundant waters, it has potential for hydroelectricity. Douliu is the largest, and capital city of Yunlin. Yunlin is one of the least developed counties on the West coast, thus emigration is a major problem.
Yunlin county's establishment can be dated back to the Qing Dynasty. Liu Mingchuan was in charge of Taiwan at the time, when Taiwan was divided into only a few counties. Due to the abundance of mountains, transportation and communication between bordering counties such as Changhua County and Chiayi County was difficult, so Liu suggested a new county called Yunlin for easier management.
Empire of Japan
In 1887, Yunlin became one of the four counties of Taiwan. During the Japanese colonial times, Yunlin was again abolished and combined to Tainan Prefecture. However Douliu continues to be an important city of Central Taiwan.
Republic of China
After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, the present day area of Yunlin County was administered under Tainan County. On 16 August 1950, Yunlin County was established after separating it from Tainan County with Douliu Township as the county seat. On 25 December 1981, Douliu Township was upgraded to a county-controlled city.
Yunlin County is located at the central-south portion of western Taiwan Island and is at the northern tip of Chianan Plain. The county is bordered with Nantou County to the east, Taiwan Strait to the west, Chiayi County to the south separated by Beigang River, and Changhua County to the north separated by Zhuoshui River. Its widest distance from east to west is 50 km and from north to south is 38 km, with a total area of 1,290.83 km2. Around 90% of its area is plain and another 10% is hilly terrain.
The weather in the county is sub-tropical climate with annual average temperature of 22.6 °C and an average annual rainfall of 1,028.9 mm.
Yunlin County is divided into 1 city, 5 urban townships and 14 rural townships. Douliu City is the county seat and home to Yunlin County Government and Yunlin County Council. Su Chih-fen of the Democratic Progressive Party is the incumbent Magistrate of Yunlin County.
|Name (Hanyu Pinyin)||Hanzi||Wade-Giles||Tongyong Pinyin||Taiwanese (POJ)||Hakka Pha̍k-fa-sṳ|
Culture-related activities in the county is regulated by the Bureau of Cultural Affairs of the Yunlin County Government, where they hold all kinds of exhibitions, speeches, performances and studies to promote the arts and all related activities.
Yunlin is still currently based on agricultural production, major jobs being fisheries (fresh water), although there are also industrial parks located in Yunlin as well.
The county is home to four universities, which are China Medical University Beigang Campus, National Formosa University, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology and TransWorld University. There are 8 national senior high schools, 9 private high schools, 32 junior high schools and 156 elementary schools. There is also the National Yunlin Special Education School for special education.
To promote life-long learning, the Yunlin County Government established a community university in 2001 with 6 learning centers to offer county residents more opportunities.
The county government has been trying their best to promote sports of all kinds in the county. There are many sports facilities with international standards in Yunlin County. The first for-all-people games were held in Yunlin County in 2000. The county also hosted the 2005 National Games. In the 2011 National Games at Changhua, Yunlin ranked 11 out of the 22 Counties and Cities of Taiwan. 10 Gold, 8 Silver and 8 Bronze.
Yunlin County houses several museums, such as the Honey Museum, Soy Sauce Brewing Museum, Yunlin Hand Puppet Museum and Yunlin Story House. Regular festivals held in the county such as the Beigang International Music Festival.
Taiwan Railway Administration passes through Yunlin with stations:
Taiwan High Speed Rail is building a station in Yunlin to be completed at 2015.
|Taiwan Strait (South China Sea)||Nantou County|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yunlin County.|