Yunlin County

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Yunlin County
雲林縣
County
Yunlin County Montage.PNG
Flag of Yunlin County
Flag
Coat of arms of Yunlin County
Coat of arms
Taiwan ROC political division map Yunlin County.svg
Coordinates: 23°42′18″N 120°28′34″E / 23.70489°N 120.47607°E / 23.70489; 120.47607Coordinates: 23°42′18″N 120°28′34″E / 23.70489°N 120.47607°E / 23.70489; 120.47607
Country Taiwan
Region Western Taiwan
Seat Douliu City
Largest city Douliu City
Boroughs 1 cities, 19 (5 urban, 14 rural) townships
Government
 • County Magistrate Su Chih-fen
Area
 • Total 1,290.84 km2 (498.40 sq mi)
Area rank 13 of 22
Population (Jan. 2014)
 • Total 707,389
 • Rank 12 of 22
 • Density 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC+8)
Website www.yunlin.gov.tw
Symbols
Bird Formosan Blue Magpie (Urocissa caerulea)
Flower Moth orchid (Phalaenopsis)
Tree Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)
Yunlin County
Traditional Chinese 雲林縣

Yunlin County (Chinese: 雲林縣; pinyin: Yúnlín Xiàn) is a county in the western part of Taiwan. It is located to the right of the Taiwan Strait, west of Nantou County and shares a border with Changhua County divided by the Zhuoshui River. Yunlin is one of the counties of Taiwan that is part of the Chianan Plain, a flat land rich for agriculture with abundant waters. Agricultural products of Yunlin county include pomelo, tea leaves, suan cai, papaya and muskmelon. Due to Yunlin's abundant waters, it has potential for hydroelectricity. Douliu is the largest, and capital city of Yunlin. Yunlin is one of the least developed counties on the West coast, thus emigration is a major problem.

History[edit]

Dutch Formosa[edit]

During the Dutch Formosa era, Beigang was one of the important coastal castle.[1]

Qing Dynasty[edit]

Yunlin county's establishment can be dated back to the Qing Dynasty. Liu Mingchuan was in charge of Taiwan at the time, when Taiwan was divided into only three counties in 1683, and Yunlin was part of Zhuluo County at that time. Due to the abundance of mountains, transportation and communication between bordering counties such as Changhua and Chiayi was difficult, so Liu suggested a new county called Yunlin for easier management. In 1887, Yunlin became one of the four counties of Taiwan.[2]

Empire of Japan[edit]

During the Japanese colonial times, Yunlin (Unrin) was again abolished due to the resistance from the local people and combined it to Tainan Prefecture. However Douliu (as Toroku Town, 斗六街) continued to be an important city of central Taiwan.

Republic of China[edit]

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, the present day area of Yunlin County was administered under Tainan County. On 16 August 1950, Yunlin County was established after separating it from Tainan County with Douliu Township as the county seat. On 25 December 1981, Douliu Township was upgraded to a county-controlled city.

Geography[edit]

Yunlin County is located at the central-south portion of western Taiwan Island and is at the northern tip of Chianan Plain. The county is bordered with Nantou County to the east, Taiwan Strait to the west, Chiayi County to the south separated by Beigang River, and Changhua County to the north separated by Zhuoshui River. Its widest distance from east to west is 50 km and from north to south is 38 km, with a total area of 1,290.83 km2. Around 90% of its area is plain and another 10% is hilly terrain.[3]

Climate[edit]

The weather in the county is sub-tropical climate with annual average temperature of 22.6 °C and an average annual rainfall of 1,028.9 mm.

Administration[edit]

Su Chih-fen, Magistrate of Yunlin County

Yunlin County is divided into 1 city, 5 urban townships and 14 rural townships. Douliu City is the county seat and home to Yunlin County Government and Yunlin County Council. Su Chih-fen of the Democratic Progressive Party is the incumbent Magistrate of Yunlin County.

Name (Hanyu Pinyin) Hanzi Wade-Giles Tongyong Pinyin Taiwanese (POJ) Hakka Pha̍k-fa-sṳ
City
Douliu City 斗六市 Tou-liu Douliou Táu-la̍k Téu-liuk
Urban townships
Beigang Township 北港鎮 Pei-kang Beigang Pak-káng Pet-kóng
Dounan Township 斗南鎮 Tou-nan Dounan Táu-lâm Téu-nàm
Huwei Township 虎尾鎮 Hu-wei Huwei Hó͘-bóe Fú-mî
Tuku Township 土庫鎮 T'u-k'u Tuku Thô͘-khò͘ Thú-khù
Xiluo Township 西螺鎮 Hsi-luo Siluo Sai-lê Sî-lô
Rural townships
Baozhong Township 褒忠鄉 Pao-chung Baojhong Po-tiong Pô-chûng
Citong Township 莿桐鄉 Tz'u-t'ong Cihtong Chhì-tông Tshṳ̀-thùng
Dapi Township 大埤鄉 Ta-p'i Dapi Tōa-pi Thai-phî
Dongshi Township 東勢鄉 Tung-shih Dongshih Tang-sì Tûng-sṳ
Erlun Township 二崙鄉 Erh-lun Erlun Jī-lūn Ngi-lûn
Gukeng Township 古坑鄉 Ku-k'eng Gukeng Kó͘-kheⁿ Kú-hâng
Kouhu Township 口湖鄉 K'ou-hu Kouhu Kháu-ô͘ Khiéu-fù
Linnei Township 林內鄉 Lin-nei Linnei Nâ-lāi Lìm-nui
Lunbei Township 崙背鄉 Lun-pei Lunbei Lūn-pòe Lûn-poi
Mailiao Township 麥寮鄉 Mai-liao Mailiao Be̍h-liâu Ma̍k-liàu
Shuilin Township 水林鄉 Shui-lin Shueilun Chúi-nâ Súi-lìm
Sihu Township 四湖鄉 Ssu-hu Sihhu Sì-ô͘ Si-fù
Taixi Township 臺西鄉 T'ai-hsi Taisi Tâi-se Thòi-sî
Yuanchang Township 元長鄉 Yuan-ch'ang Yuanchang Goân-chiáng Ngièn-tshòng

Demographics and Culture[edit]

Culture-related activities in the county is regulated by the Bureau of Cultural Affairs of the Yunlin County Government, where they hold all kinds of exhibitions, speeches, performances and studies to promote the arts and all related activities.[4]

Sports[edit]

The county government has been trying their best to promote sports of all kinds in the county. There are many sports facilities with international standards in Yunlin County. The first for-all-people games were held in Yunlin County in 2000. The county also hosted the 2005 National Games. In the 2011 National Games at Changhua, Yunlin ranked 11 out of the 22 Counties and Cities of Taiwan. 10 Gold, 8 Silver and 8 Bronze.[5]

Stadiums in the county are the Douliu Baseball Stadium and Yunlin County Stadium.

Economy[edit]

Formosa Plastics Group plant at the Mail-Liao Industrial Complex.

Yunlin is still currently based on agricultural production, major jobs being fisheries (fresh water), although there are also industrial parks located in Yunlin as well.

Agriculture[edit]

The farmland accounts for around 68% of total Yunlin County area. Due to its good weather and fertile land, the county has many kinds of agriculture products in different seasons. Their agricultural products are coffee, hard clams, horseshoe calms, Taiwan tilapa, shaddock, soy sauce, pickled cabbage, peanuts and sesame oil.[6]

Fishery[edit]

Yunlin County boats excellent fishing grounds along its coastline. There are several leading fishing ports such as Boziliao Fishing Port, Santiaolun Fishing Port, Taixi Fishing Port, Taizicun Fishing Port and Jinhu Fishing Port. Several institutions were established in the county to help the development of the county fishing industries, namely the Taixi Experimental Fishing Ground, Seawater Fish Farming Research Center, Aquaculture Experimental Station and Agriculture Council.

Livestock[edit]

The livestock farming of pigs, cows, chickens, geese and ducks are running well in Yunlin County. The county government has been aggressively helping the dairy farmers to upgrade their feeding techniques and also set up a meat-packing company using machine-cutting livestock with auction by computer.

Tourism[edit]

The county government plans to develop the tourism and recreational industry within the county with focus on fishing, by establishing a holiday fish market in Buozihliao Fishing Port in hope to attract more visitors and help the tourism industry to develop.[7]

Education[edit]

The county is home to four universities, which are China Medical University Beigang Campus, National Formosa University, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology and TransWorld University. There are 8 national senior high schools, 9 private high schools, 32 junior high schools and 156 elementary schools. There is also the National Yunlin Special Education School for special education.

To promote life-long learning, the Yunlin County Government established a community university in 2001 with 6 learning centers to offer county residents more opportunities.

Energy[edit]

Power generations[edit]

Yunlin County houses one power plant, the Mailiao Power Plant, which is located at Mailiao Township. Commissioned in July 1999, the power plant has a capacity of 4,200 MW, the third largest coal-fired power plant in Taiwan.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Historical buildings[edit]

Historical buildings in the county including the Jhen Wen Academy and Xiluo Theater.

Tourist towns[edit]

Tourist town in Yunlin County is Caoling.

Temples[edit]

Temples in the county including the Chaotian Temple, Xiluo Guangfu Temple and Yongan Temple.

Museums[edit]

Yunlin County houses several museums, such as the Honey Museum, Soy Sauce Brewing Museum, Yunlin Hand Puppet Museum and Yunlin Story House.

Festivals[edit]

Regular festivals held in the county such as the Beigang International Music Festival.

Theme parks[edit]

Theme park in the county is the Janfusun Fancyworld.

Nature[edit]

Yunlin County houses the Erlun Sports Park.

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Taiwan Railway Administration passes through Yunlin with stations:

Taiwan High Speed Rail is building a station in Yunlin to be completed at 2015.

Road[edit]

Highways connecting to Yunlin County are National Highway No. 1 and National Highway No. 3. Famous bridge in the county are the Xiluo Bridge, connecting the county to the neighboring Changhua County, and Beigang Tourist Bridge, connecting the county to the neighboring Chiayi County.

Air[edit]

Yunlin County does not have any airport. However, the nearest airport to the county is the Chiayi Airport located in the neighboring Chiayi County.

Relative location[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]