Yunsi

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For the place and area in Persia/Iran see Yunesi.
Yunsi
Prince Lian of the First Rank
(和碩廉親王)
Yinsi.jpg
Portrait of Yunsi
Prince Lian of the First Rank of the Qing Dynasty
Reign 1723-1726
Predecessor (None. Title created.)
Successor (None.)
Spouse Lady Gorolo
Lady Zhang
Lady Mao
Issue Hongwang
Daughter
Full name
Aisin-Gioro Yunsi
(愛新覺羅·允禩)
or
Aisin-Gioro Yinsi
(愛新覺羅·胤禩)
House House of Aisin-Gioro
Father Kangxi Emperor
Mother Consort Liang
Born (1681-03-29)29 March 1681
Died 5 October 1726(1726-10-05) (aged 45)
Yunsi
Traditional Chinese 允禩
Simplified Chinese 允祀
Yinsi
Traditional Chinese 胤禩
Simplified Chinese 胤祀

Yunsi (Manchu: ᠶᡡᠨ ᠰᡟ, Chinese: 允禩, 29 March 1681 - 5 October 1726) was a Manchu prince of the Qing Dynasty.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Yunsi was born Yinsi (Manchu: ᠶᡳᠨ ᠰᡟ, Chinese: 胤禩), to Kangxi Emperor and Consort Liang (neé Wei). Consort Liang was seen by some historians as coming from a disadvantaged background, because she was a member of the "Sin Jeku" (Chinese: 辛者庫) slavery class before she became Kangxi's consort.[1] While that also had an impact on Yinsi's prestige within the ranks of Kanxi's princes,[1] it also resulted in him becoming a knowledgeable person, and Yinsi was later seen was one of Kangxi's favorite son.[2]

At the age of 18, Yinsi was appointed a Doroi Beile (Manchu: ᡩᠣᡵᠣᡳ ᠪᡝᡳᠯᡝ , Chinese: 多羅貝勒).[2]

Battle for the Throne[edit]

When Yinreng was stripped of his Crown Prince title or the first time, Yinsi was seen as a serious contender for the Crown Prince title.[1] By that point, Yinsi had already established a strong base of support within the Qing court, which included many top-ranking court officers, in addition to Ninth Prince Yintang, Tenth Prince Yin’e, and 14th Prince Yinti. Collectively, the power base was referred to as the Crown Prince Party (Chinese: 太子黨).[1] Yinsi himself was also called "The Eighth Worthy Prince" (Chinese: 八賢王).[3]

Yinring was later restored to the Crown Prince position, but was once again stripped of his Crown Prince title a few years later. Once again, the Crown Prince Party recommended to Kangxi that Yinsi take over as Crown Prince.[1] Kangxi was reportedly angry at Yinsi's posturing, and stripped him of his Doroi Beile position and stipend (later restored).[1]

Yongzheng Emperor's Reign[edit]

After his older brother, Fourth Prince Yinzhen became Yongzheng Emperor in 1722, Yinsi changed his name to "Yunsi". This was done along with all of Yinsi's brothers to avoid naming taboo, since the Chinese character for "Yin" (胤) is the same as Yongzheng Emperor's personal name: "Yinzhen" (胤禛).

At first, Yongzheng appointed Yunsi as "Prince Lian of the First Rank" (和碩廉親王), but later became the target of many trumped-up charges and accusations that eventually led to the stripping of Yunsi's Princely title, along with his removal from the Imperial Household.[1]

After his removal, Yunsi was forced to rename himself "Acina" (Manchu: ᠠᠴᡳᠨᠠ, Chinese: 阿其那).[1]

Yunsi died in captivity, four years after his brother Yinzhen ascended to the throne as Yongzheng Emperor.[1] He was later rehabilitated, and restored to the Imperial Household under the name "Yunsi", during Qianlong Emperor's reign.[3]

Meaning of "Acina"[edit]

"Acina" is a Manchu language term that has traditionally been translated to "Pig" in Chinese.[4] However, there is some dispute as to whether that is an accurate translation. Some scholars suggest "Acina" actually means "Shameless",[4] "Frozen Fish",[3] "Fish on the Chopping Block",[1] or "Meat on the Chopping Block"[3]

Family[edit]

  • Father: Kangxi Emperor
  • Mother: Consort Liang (良妃), from the Wei (衛) clan, daughter of Interior Guanling (內管領; similar to the Japanese kanrei) Abunai (阿布鼐).
  • Spouses:
    • Lady Gorolo (郭絡羅氏), Yunsi's primary spouse, daughter of Heshuo Prince Consort (和碩額駙) Mingshang (明尚).
    • Lady Zhang (張氏), Yunsi's concubine, daughter of Zhang Zhibi (張之碧).
    • Lady Mao (毛氏), Yunsi's concubine, daughter of Mao Erge (毛二格).
  • Children:
    • Hongwang (弘旺; 27 January 1708 - 16 December 1762), Yunsi's son, born to Lady Zhang. Name later changed to Pusabao by Yunsi.[2]
    • Daughter (24 June 1708 - 11 January 1776), personal name unknown, born to Lady Mao, married Sun Wufu (孫五福) in 1724.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Xia, Xin (12 October 2012). "揭秘康熙所有兒子們的下場 (Revealing The Ending Of All Of Kangxi's Sons)". Xinhuanet.com (in Traditional Chinese). Huasheng Online (華聲在線). Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c Wang, Jia (9 February 2011). "歷史上真實的胤禩 (The True Yinsi In History)". Huaxia.com (in Traditional Chinese). Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d Yu, Yuanxuan (28 January 2013). "【如是觀史】   阿其那與塞斯黑 (Looking At History: Acina and Seshe)". Merit Times (in Traditional Chinese). Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Wang, Ruifen. "康熙大帝17個兒子的生死命運 (The Fate Of Kangxi Emperor's 17 Sons)". CRI Online (in Traditional Chinese). Chinese Radio International. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 

See also[edit]