Yuri Bondarev

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Yuri Bondarev
Born (1924-03-15) 15 March 1924 (age 90)
Orsk, Soviet Union

Yuri Vasilyevich Bondarev (Russian: Ю́рий Васи́льевич Бо́ндарев, 15 March 1924, Orsk) is a Russian writer.

Biography[edit]

Bondarev took part in World War II as an artillery officer and became a member of the CPSU in 1944.[1] He graduated in 1951 from the Maxim Gorky Literature Institute.[2] His first collection of stories entitled On a Large River was published in 1953.

His first successes in literature, the novels The Battalions Request Fire (1957) and The Last Salvoes (1959) were part of a new trend of war fiction which dispensed with pure heroes and vile villains in favor of emphasizing the true human cost of war.[1] The Last Salvos was adapted for the cinema in 1961. His next novels Silence (1962), The Two (1964) and Relatives (1969) established him as a leading Soviet writer. His novel Silence became a landmark as the first work to depict a citizen who had been wrongly sentenced to the Gulag.[1] His novels generally cover topics of ethics and personal choices.

In the novel The Hot Snow (1969) he again used the theme of war, creating an epic canvas dealing with the Battle of Stalingrad from the viewpoint of its many participants including common soldiers and military commanders.[3] In his novel The Shore (1975), a Soviet writer learns that a German woman, with whom he had a passionate love affair as a young officer, still loves him. He dies before reaching the promised "shore" of his youthful dream.[2] In The Choice (1980) a terminally ill expatriate kills himself on a visit to Moscow so that he can be buried in the city of his youth. His fate causes an old Soviet friend of his to engage in a painful exploration of existencial questions.[2]

Bondarev has also done much work for the cinema. Besides adapting his own novels for the screen, he co-authored the script for the serial film Liberation (1968–71).[3]

In political life during the early 1990s, Bondarev participated in Russia's national-communist opposition politics, belonging to the National Salvation Front leadership. Bondarev was a member of the central committee of the hardline Communist Party of the RSFSR at the end of the Mikhail Gorbachev era; in July 1991 he signed the anti-Perestroika declaration "A Word to the People".

Awards[edit]

Gold Star Medal of the Hero of Socialist Labour
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.

In 1994 he refused to accept the award of Order of Friendship of Peoples from Boris Yeltsin.

English Translations[edit]

  • Silence, Houghton Mifflin, 1966.
  • The Last Shots, Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1970.
  • The Hot Snow, Progress Publishers, 1976.
  • "The Vigil", from Anthology of Soviet Short Stories, Vol 2, Progress Publishers, 1976.
  • The Shore, Raduga Publishers, 1984.
  • The Choice, Raduga Publishers, 1984.
  • On Craftsmanship, Raduga Publishers, 1984.

Filmography (writer)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Brown, Archie (1991). The Soviet Union, A Biographical Dictionary. NY: Macmillan. pp. 44–45. ISBN 0-02-897071-3. 
  2. ^ a b c Terras, Victor (1990). Handbook of Russian Literature. Yale University Press. p. 59. ISBN 0-300-04868-8. Retrieved 26 June 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Atarov, Nikolai (1976). The Vigil, Anthology of Soviet Short Stories, Vol 2; Introduction. Moscow: Progress Publishers. p. 111.