|2nd Minister of Defense (Japan)|
July 4, 2007 – August 27, 2007
|Prime Minister||Shinzō Abe|
|Preceded by||Fumio Kyuma|
|Succeeded by||Masahiko Kōmura|
|1st Special Advisor to the Prime Minister for National Security Issues|
September 26, 2006 – July 4, 2007
|Preceded by||New post|
|6th Minister of State for Okinawa and Northern Territories Affairs|
September 27, 2004 – September 26, 2006
|Preceded by||Toshimitsu Motegi|
|Succeeded by||Sanae Takaichi|
|4th Ministry of the Environment (Japan)|
September 22, 2003 – September 26, 2006
|Prime Minister||Junichiro Koizumi|
|Preceded by||Shunichi Suzuki|
|Succeeded by||Masatoshi Wakabayashi|
|Member of the House of Representatives for Tokyo's 10th district|
September 11, 2006
|Preceded by||Koki Kobayashi|
July 15, 1952 |
Ashiya, Hyogo, Japan
|Political party||Liberal Democratic Party (2003–present)
New Conservative Party (2000–2003)
Liberal Party (1997–2000)
New Frontier Party (1994–1997)
Japan New Party (1992–1994)
|Residence||Toshima, Tokyo, Japan|
|Alma mater||Cairo University
American University in Cairo †
Kwansei Gakuin University ‡
|Profession||News anchor, interpreter|
Yuriko Koike (小池 百合子 Koike Yuriko , born July 15, 1952) is a Japanese politician, who was the Minister of Defense in the Cabinet of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, but resigned August 27, 2007 after only 54 days in office. She is a member of the House of Representatives of Japan for Tokyo's 10th district.
Early life and education
Her father, Yūjirō Koike, was a foreign trade merchant who handled oil products. He was also involved in politics, supporting Shintarō Ishihara and the Tatenokai in 1960s, and ran for a national election to no avail in 1969. He occasionally told Yuriko his opinion that it was essential for Japan to strengthen relations with Arab countries in order to ensure a stable petroleum supply lest the resource-poor Japan be thrust into war for oil again. His word encouraged her to decide to study in Egypt to master Arabic.
After attending the School of Sociology at Kwansei Gakuin University in 1971 and the American University in Cairo in 1972, Koike received a Bachelor of Arts in Sociology from Cairo University in 1976. She married a Japanese student in Egypt when she was 21 years old, but divorced soon after.
Career in media
Koike anchored TV Tokyo's World Business Satellite, the nation-wide TV business news program from 1988 to 1992, after co-hosting Kenichi Takemura's Storytelling on Social Aspects (世相講談 Sesō kōdan ) of NTV from 1979 to 1985.
Career in politics
Koike currently belongs to the Liberal Democratic Party after she belonged to the Japan New Party, New Frontier Party, Liberal Party, and New Conservative Party. She has also served one term in the House of Councillors. She is one of the five Vice Secretaries General of the Diet Members' Committee of Japan Conference (日本会議 Nippon Kaigi ), the country's largest conservative think tank, once chaired by Taro Aso.
A past participant in the World Economic Forum, Koike has been considered a prime candidate to become Japan's first female prime minister. Koike is a long-time participant in the U.S.-Japan Legislative Exchange Program hosted by George Washington University and run by Professor Henry Nau.
She previously served as the Minister of the Environment and Minister of State for Okinawa and Northern Territories Affairs in the Cabinet of Jun'ichirō Koizumi, Abe's predecessor. She has been responsible for starting the Cool Biz campaign in Japanese political circles.
Originally representing Hyōgo Prefecture, Koike became one of Koizumi's "assassins" in the 2005 Lower House election, and was critical of LDP members who were defiant of Koizumi's leadership. Her most recent position before becoming Minister of Defense was Special Advisor to the Prime Minister for National Security Issues in the Abe Cabinet.
Koike announced on August 24, 2007 that she intended to resign from the post, citing the Aegis classified information leak scandal as a reason. Koike later hinted that the much publicized fight she had had with Chief Cabinet Secretary Yasuhisa Shiozaki over a vice-minister replacement was the real reason, as the opposition would use that to oppose a bill on Japan's terrorism laws.
2008 LDP leadership election
On September 8, 2008, Koike launched her bid to become President of the LDP and became the first woman ever to seek the premiership in Japan's history: "I have received the enthusiastic support of my colleagues. In order to break through the deadlock facing Japanese society, I believe the country might as well have a female candidate. Hillary used the word 'glass ceiling' ... but in Japan, it isn't glass, it's an iron plate. I'm not Mrs Thatcher, but what is needed is a strategy that advances a cause with conviction, clear policies and sympathy with the people."
Koike supports for economic liberalism, promotes administrative and budgetary reform, and insists on further advancement of the status of women in the working world. Her motto is "Check, Challenge, Change, Creative and Communication."
Having learned ecological lifestyle from her own experience of wartime austerities in Egypt, Koike actively addresses environmental issues. She received the Japan Jewelry Best Dresser Award for her success in the Cool Biz and Warm Biz campaign. She expressed the idea of introducing carbon tax in 2005 so that Japan might achieve the goals of the Kyoto Protocol, but her idea has not been realized yet. In 2006, she started the "Mottainai Furoshiki" campaign, which urges shoppers to use furoshiki in place of plastic shopping bags. She is against the use of biofuels made from food crops. Her hope is that Japan will be a society where citizens and companies can make profits by contributing to the protection of the environment, for example through emissions trading.
As a conservative nationalist, Koike belongs to the Diet members' league to support the Japanese Society for History Textbook Reform. She is also a member of the Diet members' group to promote Yasukuni Shrine visits, led by Yoshinobu Shimamura, and goes to worship the war dead at the shrine on War-End Day, August 15, almost every year. Not being able to visit it due to an official trip to Okinawa, she sent her proxy to worship at the shrine in 2007. She insists on developing an environment to encourage the emperor to visit Yasukuni.
Her foreign and security policies are often regarded as hawkish. She suggested that the prime minister revise the interpretation of Article 9 of the Constitution of Japan to enable the government to exercise the right to collective self-defense. She supports the United States' policy in the War on Terror and opposes the Japanese government's tradition of UN-centered foreign policy. During the 2008 LDP leadership election, she pledged to make Russia return the four disputed islands to Japan if she was elected as prime minister.
- 1977 – Interpreter and Translator of Arabic, Secretary General of the Japan-Arab Association.
- 1978 – Interviewer and Coordinator for the Nippon TV Special "Colonel Qaddafi and Yasser Arafat"
- 1979 – News presenter for Nippon TV's Daily Program "Current Issues"
- 1988–1989 – News presenter for TV Tokyo's Financial and Business Programs "World Business Satellite" and "Top Business Executives"
- 1990 – Secretary General of the Japan-Arab Association.
- 1992 – Elected to the House of Councillors from the Japan New Party.
- 1993 – Elected to the House of Representatives from Hyōgo Prefecture's Second District, Vice-Minister of the Management and Coordination Agency.
- 1994 – Vice-President of the Japan New Party, founding member of the New Frontier Party.
- 1995 – Assistant to the Secretary General of the New Frontier Party.
- 1996 – Director of the Public Relations Bureau of the New Frontier Party, re-elected to the House of Representatives from Hyōgo Prefecture's Sixth District.
- 1997 – Chair of the Standing Committee on Science and Technology of the House of Representatives
- 1998 – Founding Member of the Liberal Party, member of the Standing Committee on Trade and Industry of the House of Representatives, Director of the Standing Committee on Finance of the House of Representatives.
- 1999 – Member of the Committee on Public Relations of the Liberal Party, State Secretary for the Economic Planning Chair of the Liberal Party.
- 2000 – Member of the Standing Committee on Finance and the Standing Committee on Health and Welfare of the House of Representatives, Vice-Chair of the New Conservative Party Policy Planning Committee, and re-elected to the House of Representatives from Hyōgo Prefecture's Sixth District.
- 2003 – Minister of the Environment, Minister in Charge of Global Environmental Problems (Second Koizumi Cabinet), re-elected to the House of Representatives, Minister of the Environment and Minister in Charge of Global Environmental Problems (Second Reshuffled First Koizumi Cabinet), and member of the Committee on Economy, Trade and Industry and the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives.
- 2004 – Minister of the Environment, Minister in Charge of Global Environmental Problems, and Minister of State for Okinawa and Northern Territories Affairs (Reshuffled Second Koizumi Cabinet).
- 2005 – Minister of the Environment, Minister in Charge of Global Environmental Problems, and Minister of State for Okinawa and Northern Territories Affairs (Third Koizumi Cabinet and reshuffled Third Koizumi Cabinet). Re-elected to the House of Representatives.
- 2006 – Special Advisor to the Prime Minister for National Security Affairs (First Abe Cabinet).
- 2007 – Minister of Defense (First Abe Cabinet). Left office after only 54 days in office.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yuriko Koike.|
- Koike decides to leave post, cites responsibility over information leak – Japan News Review
- "Oyaji no Senaka", Asahi Shimbun Morning Edition, August 24, 2008
- "Kikase te Anata no Mottainai", Shūkan Josei, Shufu-to-Seikatsusha, September 12, 2006
- Masaharu Fujiyoshi, "Koike Yuriko Kenkyū", Shūkan Bunshun, Bungeishunjū, October 20, 2005
- "Koike Yuriko Fūin no Nijūissai", Flash, vol. 1020, Kobunsha, September 2008
- "'Japan's Condi Rice' known for courting controversy", The Japan Times, July 5, 2007
- Resigning Koike criticizes opposition – Japan News Review
- reuters.com, Japan PM contender sees "iron" barrier for women
- "Aso elected LDP head", The Yomiuri Shimbun, September 22, 2008.
- "Koike Yuriko Kihon Rinen", Koike Yuriko Official Website (in Japanese)
- "Koike pledges to push carbon tax to meet goals under Kyoto Protocol", The Japan Times, November 6, 2005
- "Minister Koike created the 'Mottainai Furoshiki'", Ministry of the Environment
- Mainichi Shimbun Morning Edition, March 11, 2008
- Diamond Zai, p. 80, Diamond, September 2007
- "Uha no Sokkin de Katamerareta Abe Seiken", The Chosun Ilbo, September 27, 2006 (in Japanese)
- "'Yasukuni Shikan' Kataru Menmen", Akahata, October 6, 2006 (in Japanese)
- "Koike Daijin Kaiken Gaiyō", August 7, 2007 (in Japanese)
- "Yasukuni Sampaisha List 2007", Shūkan Kin'yōbi (in Japanese)
- "Sōsaisen Yasukuni demo Zessen", Sankei Shimbun, September 15, 2008 (in Japanese)
- "Chūgokushi 'Koike Shin Bōeishō wa Takaha no Seijika'", Nippon News Network, July 4, 2007 (in Japanese)
- "Nippon ga Dekiru Keizai Seisai", Voice, April 2003
- "Ozawa Ichirō to Koizumi Junichirō o Kiru", Bungeishunjū, Bungeishunjū, January 2008 (in Japanese)
- "Dōshūsei Dōnyū ni Iyoku", Chugoku Shimbun, September 15, 2008 (in Japanese)
- Koike Yuriko Official Website
- Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet – Profile
- Yuriko Koike appointed new Defense Minister
|House of Representatives of Japan|
|Representative from Hyōgo 2nd district (multi-member)
|New district||Representative for Hyōgo 6th district
|Representative for the Kinki proportional representation block
|Representative for Tokyo 10th district
|Representative for the Tokyo proportional representation block
|Minister of the Environment
|Minister of State for Okinawa and Northern Territories Affairs
|Special Advisor to the Prime Minister for National Security Issues
|Minister of Defense