|This article is outdated. (August 2013)|
|Minister of Defense of Ukraine|
December 18, 2007 – June 5, 2009
|Preceded by||Anatoliy Hrytsenko|
|Succeeded by||Mykhailo Yezhel|
|11th Prime Minister of Ukraine|
September 8, 2005 – August 4, 2006
|Preceded by||Yulia Tymoshenko|
|Succeeded by||Viktor Yanukovych|
|Governor of Dnipropetrovsk Region|
April 1, 2005 – September 8, 2005
|Minister of Economy of Ukraine|
February 26, 1997 – July 25, 1997
|Prime Minister||Pavlo Lazarenko|
|Preceded by||Vasyl Hureyev|
|Succeeded by||Viktor Suslov|
August 23, 1948 |
Belkachi, Yakut ASSR, Russian SFSR (now Sakha Republic, Russia)
|Political party||People's Union Our Ukraine|
Yuriy Ivanovych Yekhanurov (Ukrainian: Юрій Іванович Єхануров) (born August 23, 1948) is a Ukrainian politician who was Prime Minister of Ukraine from 2005 to 2006 and Minister of Defense in from 2007 to 2009. On July 14, 2009 he was appointed as the first deputy head of the Ukrainian Presidential Secretariat.
Background and professional career
Yekhanurov was born in the village Belkachi in the far-north Yakut ASSR, which is currently the Sakha Republic within the Russian Federation. Yekhanurov, an ethnic Buryat, moved to Ukraine during Soviet times, where he has spent most of his life and career. He holds a PhD-equivalent degree in Economics, is married, and has one son.
Yekhanurov graduated from the Kiev Construction tekhnikum in 1967, and the Kyiv Institute of National Economy in 1973. He was appointed manager of the "Kyivmiskbud-4"'s Plant of reinforced concrete as his first job in 1974. Yekhanurov quickly rose the ranks, already heading the "Stroydetal'" industrial group from 1985 to 1988. In that year, he was appointed deputy chairman of the Kiev construction directorate, the "Golovkyivmiskbud".
Statesman and politician
When Ukraine gained independence in 1991, Yekhanurov started working for the Kiev municipal government, overseeing economic reforms. He was appointed Deputy Minister of Economy of Ukraine in 1993, and later headed the State Property Fund of Ukraine (which coordinated the privatisation) from 1994 to 1997. Yekhanurov also served for a short time as Minister of Economy in the cabinet of Pavlo Lazarenko in 1997. He was elected member of the Ukrainian parliament, the Verkhovna Rada, in 1998.
When Viktor Yushchenko was appointed as Prime Minister of Ukraine in 1999, Yekhanurov joined his cabinet as First Vice Prime Minister. After the ousting of the government in 2001, Yekhanurov joined Yushchenko's People's Union Our Ukraine and was elected again a member of parliament. In June 2002, he was appointed Head of the State Committee for Industrial Policy and Entrepreneurship.
After the Orange Revolution in 2005, Yekhanurov was appointed Head of the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast State Administration (i.e. a governor) on April 1, 2005. He was also elected head of the Central Executive Committee of People's Union Our Ukraine party.
On September 8, 2005 Yekhanurov was appointed Acting Prime Minister by President Viktor Yushchenko, after the President had sacked the previous Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. He was succeeded by Victor Yanukovich on August 4, 2006. Yekhanurov's candidacy was hotly contested in parliament, most notably by former Prime Minister and Yushchenko's ally Yulia Tymoshenko. His confirmation required two rounds of voting; in the first round on September 20, 2005, Yekhanurov was only three votes short of the 226 needed for approval. On September 22, 2005, after negotiations between President Yushchenko and opposition groups, he was approved by 289 deputies out of 339 present. The CPU and SDPU(o) factions abstained from voting.
Yekhanurov was widely regarded as an experienced administrator, a caretaker rather than a politician. Like Yushchenko, he is a supporter of economic liberalization and privatisation, but opposed "reprivatization" of previously sold companies that were thought to have been privatized illegally under the administration of President Leonid Kuchma.
After the signing of a coalition agreement (June 22, 2006) by the political parties behind the "Orange Revolution" it was agreed that Yulia Tymoshenko would be restored as Prime Minister of Ukraine after nearly three months of negotiating and political uncertainty. Yulia Tymoshenko election was expected to be only a formality but opposition members (Party of Regions & Communist Party of Ukraine) blocked the parliament from Thursday, June 29, 2006 till Thursday, July 6, 2006 because they felt they hadn't got enough chairmen in parliamentary committees Yekhanurov was skeptical about the new government and he wanted the Party of Regions to be a part of the new government He felt that would have been better for the stability of Ukraine.
Gas crisis of 2005–2006 and fallout
Late 2005/January 2006, Russia and Ukraine had a serious dispute over the import of gas. Russia had been charging Ukraine traditionally low prices for gas, but decided to increase them to reflect the market price. After cutting off the flow of gas to Ukraine for several days, a complicated deal was struck on January 4, 2006. According to President Yushchenko and Yekhanurov, it was a compromise.
Nonetheless, the Ukrainian parliament was not happy with the deal, and passed a vote of no-confidence on January 10, 2006. But President Yuschenko "quickly dismissed the vote as a publicity stunt by the opposition" Yekhanurov continued to perform his duties until the newly elected Verkhovna Rada convened and formed a majority in July. He was succeeded by Viktor Yanukovych.
Minister of Defense of Ukraine
As part of the President quota of Ministers in the Ukrainian cabinet appointed on December 18, 2007 Yekhanurov became Minister of Defense in the second Tymoshenko cabinet. Accusing him of corruption Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko turned to President Yushchenko with a request to dismiss Yekhanurov as Defense Minister of Ukraine on May 20, 2009. Yekhanurov immediately denied the accusations and told journalists "Decisions must be made every day. But, not to be busy with budget problems, they organize such shows as today". on May 26, 2009 President Yushchenko stated he had no intend to dismiss Yekhanurov claiming “there is nothing but a political attack and a staff war”. According to Yushchenko similar political attacks had been launched against the foreign minister, State Property Fund head, and the National Bank of Ukraine governor. The same day Yekhanurov threatened to sue Prime Minister Tymoshenko "to defend his honor and dignity", if she did not apologize, and if Supervision and Revision Department head Mykola Syvulskiy did not resign. June 5, 2009 the Ukrainian parliament dismissed Yuriy Yekhanurov as defense minister. 363 MPs out of the 398 registered in the parliament's session hall voted for his dismissal, includeding 161 MPs of the Party of Regions, 152 MPs of the Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko, four MPs of the Our Ukraine-People's Self-Defense Bloc, 27 MPs of the Communist Party, and 19 MPs of the Bloc of Lytvyn. Yekhanurov challenged his dismissal in court, but the Kyiv District Administrative Court rejected his relevant appeal on July 9, 2009.
- Ex-defense minister Yekhanurov appointed first deputy head of presidential secretariat, Interfax-Ukraine (july 14, 2009)
- "Ukraine allies 'agree coalition'". BBC News. June 21, 2006.
- "Sit-in disrupts Ukraine assembly". BBC News. June 29, 2006.
- YANUKOVYCH CALLED OFF THE BLOCKADE / Ukrayinska Pravda
- Yekhanurov Demitted Speakership Because of Yanukovych / Ukrayinska Pravda
- Kramer, Andrew E. (January 11, 2006). "Parliament in Ukraine Votes to Scold Government". The New York Times.
- Tymoshenko asks President to dismiss Yekhanurov as Defense Minister, UNIAN (May 20, 2009)
- Tymoshenko Initiating Yekhanurov’s Dismissal, Ukrainian News Agency (May 20, 2009)
- Minister Yekhanurov Not Intending To Step Down, Ukrainian News Agency (May 20, 2009)
- Yekhanurov denies reports of corrupt schemes at defense ministry, Interfax-Ukraine (May 20, 2009)
- Yekhanurov to discuss his dismissal with Yushchenko, UNIAN (May 20, 2009)
- Yushchenko not to make submission to VR on Yekhanurov’s dismissal, UNIAN (May 26, 2009)
- Yuschenko not planning to submit motion dismissing Yekhanurov as defense minister, Interfax-Ukraine (May 26, 2009)
- Yekhanurov says he may sue Tymoshenko, UNIAN (May 26, 2009)
- Ukrainian parliament dismisses Yekhanurov as defense minister, Interfax-Ukraine (June 5, 2009)
- "Approval of Yekhanurov: The Price of the Deal" (Ukrayinska Pravda's critical article on the agreement that preceded the approval in parliament; September 2005) (Ukrainian)
- BBC News story: "Ukraine leader sacks government", September 8, 2005
- BBC News story: "Profile: Ukraine's caretaker PM", September 8, 2005
- RFE/RL News story: "President Yushchenko Nominates 'Stopgap' Prime Minister", September 15, 2005
- RFE/RL News story: "No Clear Winners From Government Crisis", September 22, 2005
- AXIS Information and Analysis: "Yuri Yehanurov: Ukraine's New Number Two", September 8, 2005
- Autobiography (Ukrainian)
- Yara Arts SHANAR – KYIV – BRAMA
|Minister of Defence
Valeriy Ivaschenko (acting)
|Prime Minister of Ukraine