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A ger quarter (Mongolian: гэр хороолол, ger khoroolol) is a form of residential quarter in Mongolian settlements. They usually consist of parcels with one or more detached houses or gers (hence the name), surrounded by two-metre high wooden fences. In other countries, gers are known as yurts.
Most ger quarters are not connected to water supplies, so people get their drinking water from public wells. For a warm shower or a bath, there are bathhouses. Since there is no sewer system, ger quarter parcels usually have a pit toilet.
Small settlements, like sum centers, may consist almost exclusively of ger quarters. Even in Mongolia's capital Ulaanbaatar, around 62% of the population live in such quarters. However, only about 43% of the ger quarter residents in Ulaanbaatar actually live in gers. Some of the quarters in Ulan Bator have existed for more than 100 years, for example the one around Gandan, but many of those farther away from the city centre are the result of recent migration and the high price of other accommodation in Ulaanbaatar.
An oft-cited problem of ger quarters in Ulaanbaatar and a number of other larger Mongolian cities is the air pollution (especially in winter) caused by the use of simple iron stoves for cooking and heating.
- Ulaanbaatar Statistical Office. 2008 Annual Report. Population data as of 01-01-2009. Sheet "HH type UB"