Yuryev-Polsky (town)

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Yuryev-Polsky (English)
Юрьев-Польский (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Yuryev-Polsky view.JPG
View of Yuryev-Polsky
Map of Russia - Vladimir Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Vladimir Oblast in Russia
Yuryev-Polsky is located in Vladimir Oblast
Yuryev-Polsky
Yuryev-Polsky
Location of Yuryev-Polsky in Vladimir Oblast
Coordinates: 56°30′N 39°41′E / 56.500°N 39.683°E / 56.500; 39.683Coordinates: 56°30′N 39°41′E / 56.500°N 39.683°E / 56.500; 39.683
Coat of Arms of Yuriev-Polsky (Vladimir oblast).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of September 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Vladimir Oblast[1]
Administrative district Yuryev-Polsky District[1]
Administrative center of Yuryev-Polsky District[2]
Municipal status (as of June 2012)
Municipal district Yuryev-Polsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Yuryev-Polsky Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Yuryev-Polsky Municipal District,[3] Yuryev-Polsky Urban Settlement[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 19,595 inhabitants[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[5]
Founded 1152[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[6] 601800
Dialing code(s) +7 49246[citation needed]
Yuryev-Polsky on WikiCommons

Yuryev-Polsky (Russian: Ю́рьев-По́льский) is an old town and the administrative center of Yuryev-Polsky District of Vladimir Oblast, Russia, located in the upper reaches of the Koloksha River, 68 kilometers (42 mi) northwest of Vladimir, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 19,595 (2010 Census);[4] 19,906 (2002 Census);[7] 22,247 (1989 Census);[8] 23,000 (1974).

History[edit]

It was founded by Yury Dolgoruky in 1152.[citation needed] First part of its name derives from Yury's patron saint, St. George. The second part is derived from the word polsky meaning "in the fields". This specification was needed in order to distinguish the town from the earlier established fortress of Yuryev (nowadays Tartu), at the time located in the woods in what is now Estonia and then the biggest Russian settlement in the territory of the Chuds.

Upon Vsevolod III's death in 1212, the town was assigned to one of his youngest sons, Svyatoslav. It was that prince who personally designed the town's chief landmark, the Cathedral of St. George (1230–1234). It is the latest pre-Mongol construction in Russia, unprecedented in abundance of stone sculptures, and also the model for first stone churches in the Moscow Kremlin. In the 1460s, the cathedral's dome collapsed, thus burying most of unique sculptures which had adorned the cathedral walls. The collapsed roof was sloppily restored by a well-known Muscovite artisan, Vasili Yermolin, in 1471.

St. George's Cathedral (1230-1234) was the last stone church built in Russia before the Mongol invasion

The great Battle of Lipitsa was fought near the town in 1216. In 1238, Yuryev was sacked by the Mongols. A century later, it was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Moscow. The chief monument of the Muscovite period is the walled Monastery of Archangel Michael, originally founded in the 13th century and containing various buildings from the 17th and 18th centuries. Several miles from Yuryev, on the bank of the Yakhroma River, stands the Kosmin Cloister, whose structures are typical for the mid-17th century.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Yuryev-Polsky serves as the administrative center of Yuryev-Polsky District,[2] to which it is directly subordinated.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Yuryev-Polsky is incorporated within Yuryev-Polsky Municipal District as Yuryev-Polsky Urban Settlement.[3]

Sister cities[edit]

Yuryev-Polsky is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Resolution #433
  2. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 17 256», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 17 256, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  3. ^ a b c d e Law #55-OZ
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Администрация Владимирской области. Постановление №433 от 13 июня 2007 г. «О реестре административно-территориальных образований и единиц Владимирской области», в ред. Постановления №1018 от 11 сентября 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в реестр административно-территориальных образований и единиц Владимирской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Владимирские ведомости", №114, 20 июня 2007 г. (Administration of Vladimir Oblast. Resolution #433 of June 13, 2007 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations and Units of Vladimir Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #1018 of September 11, 2013 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations and Units of Vladimir Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Владимирской области. Закон №55-ОЗ от 11 мая 2005 г. «О наделении Юрьев-Польского района и вновь образованных муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав, соответствующим статусом муниципальных образований и установлении их границ», в ред. Закона №54-ОЗ от 14 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Приложение 8-1 к Закону Владимирской области "О наделении Юрьев-Польского района и вновь образованных муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав, соответствующим статусом муниципальных образований и установлении их границ"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования (17 мая 2005 г.). Опубликован: "Владимирские ведомости", №156–157, 17 мая 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vladimir Oblast. Law #55-OZ of May 11, 2005 On Granting Yuryev-Polsky District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations It Comprises an Appropriate Status of the Municipal Formations and on Establishing Their Borders, as amended by the Law #54-OZ of June 14, 2012 On Amending Appendix 8-1 to the Law of Vladimir Oblast "On Granting Yuryev-Polsky District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations It Comprises an Appropriate Status of the Municipal Formations and on Establishing Their Borders". Effective as of the day of the official publication (May 17, 2005).).

External links[edit]