Yushan County

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This article is about the Yushan county in the People's Republic of China. For the mountain in Taiwan known as Yushan, see Yushan (mountain).
Yushan County
玉山县
County
Location in Jiangxi
Location in Jiangxi
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jiangxi
Prefecture-level city Shangrao
Capital Bingxi town
Area
 • Total 1,728 km2 (667 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 574,369
 • Density 330/km2 (860/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal Code 334700
Area Code 0793
Vehicle registration 赣E
Website www.zgys.gov.cn

Yushan (Chinese: 玉山; pinyin: Yùshān; literally: "Jade Mountain") is a county in the northeast of Jiangxi province, China. The county is Jiangxi's gateway to bordering Zhejiang province. It covers 1,731 km² and the population now reaches 560,000.

The climate is temperate there with abundant rainfall in the monsoon season, and has clearly differentiated summers and winters.

Administration[edit]

Yushan has been a county for over 1,300 years. Administratively the county is part of the prefecture-level city Shangrao. The county administers 21 townships.

Economy[edit]

Over the last fifty years, the county has harnessed its eight major rivers for power. It has three large hydropower stations with installed capacity of about 1.2 megawatts.

The county is relatively a lagger in economic development. But it boasts affluent mining resources, like flagstones and limestones.

Transportation[edit]

Yushan is a stop on the Zhe-Gan Railway, leading from Shanghai, Hangzhou to Nanchang and further south to Guangzhou and Hong Kong. At the end of 2002, the county was also incorporated into the national network of roads with the construction of a highway to Shanghai. Its closest airport is one in Quzhou, which flies to various domestic destinations.

Miscellaneous[edit]

Yushan is famous nationwide for its distinctive success in school education, which is quintessential by the Yushan No.1 Middle School.[citation needed] Founded in 1939, the school is cradle of about 1,000 graduates beyond the master degree. It is applying for one of China's top 1,000 elementary and middle schools.

Sights[edit]

Every year, tens of thousands of domestic and foreign tourists flock to Yushan's picturesque Mount Sanqing (三清山), which has been officially designated as a National Scenic Area.

Huaiyu Mountains are also a tourist attraction. In the Song Dynasty, the great neo-Confucianist Zhu Xi taught there. In Republican times, the area also hosted a guerilla affiliated to the Communist Party of China, led by then legendary general Fang Zhimin.

UNESCO World Heritage Site: Mount Sanqing