Yusufeli

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Yusufeli
Yusufeli is located in Turkey
Yusufeli
Yusufeli
Coordinates: 40°49′24″N 41°32′55″E / 40.82333°N 41.54861°E / 40.82333; 41.54861Coordinates: 40°49′24″N 41°32′55″E / 40.82333°N 41.54861°E / 40.82333; 41.54861
Country Turkey
Province Artvin
Government
 • Mayor Eyüp Aytekin (AKP)
 • Kaymakam Emre Nebioğlu
Area[1]
 • District 2,270.00 km2 (876.45 sq mi)
Elevation 741 m (2,431 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 6,856
 • District 22,234
 • District density 9.8/km2 (25/sq mi)
Post code 08700
Website www.yusufeli.bel.tr

Yusufeli is a town and district of Artvin Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is located on the bank of Çoruh River 104 km south-west of the city of Artvin, on the road to Erzurum.

The town of Yusufeli (population 5863) sits in a valley where the Çoruh River is joined by the Barhal, the surrounding countryside is a range of mountains running east to west, with villages in other valleys between the mountains; little of Yusufeli is flat and this is a beautiful landscape, with streams, lakes and excellent views.

The micro climate allows the cultivation of olives, grapes, and citrus fruits, the driving forces of the economy in addition to tourism. The town can be reached by air via Erzurum Airport, 135 km (84 mi) away from Yusufeli or by road from Artvin, Erzurum and Trabzon (via İspir in Erzurum Province).

With many kind of tourism facilities like rafting and many other water sports, tracking, mountain climbing, hunting, camping, photography, floristry, historical castles and churches and natural beauties Yusufeli is an excellent tourism location.

There is a widely-criticised plan to dam the Çoruh at Yusufeli, which would submerge 15,000 homes.[3][4][5]

Climate[edit]

Yusufeli has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb).

Climate data for Yusufeli
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.5
(32.9)
2.0
(35.6)
5.7
(42.3)
11.0
(51.8)
15.0
(59)
18.4
(65.1)
21.6
(70.9)
21.6
(70.9)
18.4
(65.1)
13.3
(55.9)
8.0
(46.4)
3.0
(37.4)
11.5
(52.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 80
(3.15)
68
(2.68)
59
(2.32)
63
(2.48)
65
(2.56)
67
(2.64)
49
(1.93)
54
(2.13)
68
(2.68)
96
(3.78)
94
(3.7)
95
(3.74)
858
(33.79)
Source: Climate-Data.org[6]

History[edit]

Yusufeli.jpg

The history of Yusufeli, formerly Perterek or Pertarek, is traced to 3000 BC, the Bronze Age. The area has since been inhabited by Hurri, Urartu, Persians, Ancient Romans, Byzantines, Georgians and Armenians. In the Turkish era the area has been settled by Seljuks, Saltuks, Ilkhanates, Tamerlan, Akkoyunlu, Safevids and the Ottoman Empire. In 1879 the area was the district of Kiksim in the county of Çıldır. Then following the war between the Ottoman Empire and Russia it became a county of Erzurum.

Because of the rocky geography it was difficult for people from all villages to reach the city center, so a local district was established centred on Ögdem, but this was still inaccessible so Kılıçkaya (Ersis) became the center of county. Ersis means "a place where no boys live", so-called because so many sons of the district were lost in the Russo-Turkish War of 1878 and First World War. In the year 1912 the county name became Yusuf İli, i.e. "province of Yusuf" so the name Kiskim should not be confused with the name Keskin which was a county of Ankara at that time.

Culture[edit]

The folk music and culture is typical of the Black Sea region featuring the clarinet type zurna, a drum and bagpipes.

There are a number of historical Georgian churches in the valleys of Yusufeli, including the ruins of the Four Churches (Dört Kilise) in a village off the road to İspir (Map).

Places of interest[edit]

There are many medieval forts and Georgian churches in the valleys of Yusufeli. Some of them:[7]

Notable natives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ The Yusufeli dam project
  4. ^ Friends of the Earth: Campaigns: Corporates: AMEC and Spie pull out of Yusufeli Dam
  5. ^ Balfour Beatty withdraws support for the Ilisu Dam
  6. ^ "Climate: Yusufeli". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  7. ^ Yusuefli forts and monasteries (Turkish)

External links[edit]

Culture The folk music and culture is typical of the Black Sea region featuring the clarinet type zurna, a drum and bagpipes. There are a number of historical Georgian churches in the valleys of Yusufeli, including the ruins of the Four Churches (Dört Kilise) in a village off the road to İspir.

Artvin Province is ancient Georgian land,full of Georgian churches. In Georgian language sofeli means little settlement and origination of the "Yusufeli" settlement is linked to this Georgian word.you can see it by yourself!!! https://ka.wikipedia.org/wiki/სოფელი