Yuzhne (Ukrainian: Ю́жне, formerly: Южний, Yuzhny, translated as "southern" n. adj.) is a port city in Odessa Oblast (province) of south-western Ukraine. The city is designated as its own separate raion (district) within the oblast as a city of regional significance, and is situated on the country's Black Sea coast. Initially created as a settlement of the Odessa Portside Plant in the Hryhorivka Estuary, since 1981 it was transformed into a suburb of Odessa within the Suvorovsky District of the city. From the Southern Marine Terminal of the city port, the Odessa–Brody pipeline takes its beginning towards the Western Ukraine.
The city's port is an internationally important oil terminal, and one of Ukraine's top three ports, with Odessa and Illichivsk. In fact, these three nearby port cities have grown into a single conurbation, and Yuzhne is considered a satellite of Odessa.
The city is located about 32 kilometers (20 miles) east of Odesa and it carries a foreign name as a claim or a mark that once this area was part of the Greater Russia. Although it sounds awkwardly in Ukrainian the city's name has not changed since Ukraine obtained its independence. The correct way to name the town in Ukrainian is Pivdenne, rather than Yuzhne.
Nonetheless, on May 11, 1978 by the order of the Presidium of Verkhovna Rada of Ukrainian SSR the newly built populated place was given the name of the village Yuzhne. Starting from this event the place takes its beginning. In February, 1993 the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine declared to give the urbanized village a special status in the Odessa Oblast as a city of regional importance. In 2000 the declaration of Verkhovna Rada #1914-III confirmed the city limits.
Yuzhne is home to the team BC Khimik in the Ukrainian Basketball Superleague. Yuzhne is also home to the "BK Khimik" women's volleyball team, Ukrainian champions in 2010/11 and 2011/12. The handball team named HC Portovik plays in the highest men's League.
- General forum of Yuzhny city (Russian)
- Information portal of Yuzhny town (Russian)
- Website of Yuzhny city (Ukrainian)—(Russian)
- Website of the Port of Yuzhny (English)/(Russian)
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