Yvetot

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Yvetot
Yvetot is located in France
Yvetot
Yvetot
Coordinates: 49°37′N 0°45′E / 49.62°N 0.75°E / 49.62; 0.75Coordinates: 49°37′N 0°45′E / 49.62°N 0.75°E / 49.62; 0.75
Country France
Region Upper Normandy
Department Seine-Maritime
Arrondissement Rouen
Canton Yvetot
Area
 • Land1 7.47 km2 (2.88 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 11,436
 • Population2 density 1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 76758 / 76190
Elevation 83–157 m (272–515 ft)
(avg. 146 m or 479 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Yvetot is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Haute-Normandie region in northern France.

History[edit]

The town’s prosperity was linked to strong commerce, developed as early as the 17th century, thanks to its fiscal statutes and to cotton spinning, which saw massive expansion after 1794. In the 19th century, the town developed fabric production. Until 1926, Yvetot had been chef-lieu of the old arrondissement of Yvetot, and a sub_prefecture. During this period of reorganisation, it lost its status of sub-prefecture. In World War II, Yvetot was practically razed in 1940 by the Germans. Later, the 75th Division of the U.S. Army, 575th Signal Co., maintained its command post in the town from December 14–20, 1944, as it counterattacked against the German army. After the war, Yvetot was rebuilt in a classical style and regained its importance in the middle of the 20th century.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Yvetot
The arms of Yvetot are blazoned :
Gules, 2 garbs (sheaves of wheat) and 2 shuttles crossed in saltire Or.



Population[edit]

Historical population of Yvetot
Year 1882 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
Population 8444 7932 9510 10433 10605 10807 10776 11436
From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

The Round Church and its stained-glass window[edit]

The stained-glass window, considered the largest in Europe with an area of 1,046 m2 (11,259 sq ft), was constructed in the 1950s by Max Ingrand. The window's main colors are in shades of crimson, gold and blue. Meticulous assembly from a thousand pieces of glass, the stained-glass window portrays saints, with a wide section consecrated to the Normans of the diocese of Rouen. Either side of Christ are St. Peter (patron saint of Yvetot for a thousand years) and the apostles, including St. Valery (apostle of Calluses and Vimeux in the 7th century), St. Saëns (an Irish monk and founder of an abbey in the valley of the Varenne), St. Ouen (who introduced monasteries to Rouen) and St. Wandrille. The bishops of Rouen are also depicted. Among the bishops are St. Roman (in the process of strangling the gargoyle that devastated Rouen), St Rémy, and St Hugues. Others represented in the stained-glass include the Virgin Mary and Joan of Arc shining in her armour.

Anecdotes[edit]

Yvetot’s entry in the Dictionnaire des idées reçues by Gustave Flaubert, reads: "YVETOT: Voir Yvetot et mourir ! (See Yvetot and die) (cf. Naples and Seville)". It is in Yvetot that novelist Guy de Maupassant received his primary education; the town itself and its surrounding area, le Pays de Caux feature extensively in his oeuvre.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Yvetot is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

(All French language)