Yvette Roubideaux, M.D., M.P.H. (born 1963), a member of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe, South Dakota, is a doctor and public health administrator. In May 2009 she was confirmed as the appointed Director of the Indian Health Service (IHS), an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services. She is the first woman to be appointed as Director of IHS, the principal federal health care advocate and provider for American Indians and Alaska Natives. At the University of Arizona and in previous IHS clinical positions, Roubideaux has specialized in research in diabetes and its prevention among American Indian/Alaska Native populations.
 Early life and education
Roubideaux earned her undergraduate degree at Harvard University and then entered Harvard Medical School, where she received her medical degree from Harvard Medical School in 1989. She completed a residency program in primary care internal medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston in 1992.
After four years of clinical practice, she returned to graduate school and completed her Master of Public Health degree at the Harvard School of Public Health in 1997. Roubideaux also completed the Commonwealth Fund/Harvard University Fellowship in Minority Health Policy before transitioning to a career in academic medicine and public health.
Roubideaux worked in clinical practice for IHS for three years as a clinical director and medical officer at the San Carlos Service Unit on the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in Arizona. She worked for one year as a medical officer at the Hu Hu Kam Memorial Indian Hospital on the Gila River Indian Reservation in Arizona.
Roubideaux shifted her focus to public health and returned to graduate school. To work in issues of research and policy, she entered academic medicine. She has recently served as assistant professor of family and community medicine at the University of Arizona College of Medicine and the College of Public Health. Dr. Roubideaux has conducted extensive research on American Indian health issues, with a focus on diabetes in American Indians/Alaska Natives and American Indian health policy. Dr. Roubideaux served as the co-director of the Special Diabetes Program for Indians Demonstration Projects, in which 66 American Indian and Alaska Native communities are implementing prevention initiatives for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. She also served as director of two University of Arizona programs designed to recruit American Indian and Alaska Native students into the health and research professions.
In 2009 Robideaux was appointed as Director of the Indian Health Service in the administration of President Barack Obama; she is the first woman to serve in this position. As the IHS Director within the Department of Health and Human Services, Dr. Roubideaux administers a $4 billion nationwide health care delivery program composed of 12 administrative Area (regional) Offices. The IHS is responsible for providing preventive, curative, and community health care to approximately 2 million of the nation’s 3.4 million American Indians and Alaska Natives in hospitals, clinics, and other settings throughout the United States.
She identified four priorities to improve the quality of healthcare for a minority population in which "there are health and care disparities and the rates of chronic diseases on the rise":
- "To renew and strengthen IHS's partnership with tribes;
- To bring reform to IHS; she will work with the tribes to identify problems in the agency and then develop solutions to improve those areas;
- To improve the quality and access to care for patients; and
- To ensure the work of IHS is transparent and accountable, and fair and inclusive."
 Associations and writing
Robideaux is a past president of the Association of American Indian Physicians and co-editor of the American Public Health Association’s book Promises to Keep: Public Health Policy for American Indians and Alaska Natives in the 21st Century (2001). She has authored several monographs and peer-reviewed publications on American Indian/Alaska Native health issues, research, and policy.
- 2004, Indian Physician of the Year Award from the Association of American Indian Physicians.
- 2008, Addison B. Scoville Award for Outstanding Volunteer Service, American Diabetes Association.
- "Changing the Face of Medicine", Celebrating America's Women Physicians, National Institutes of Health, accessed 25 October 2011
- "Yvette Roubideaux, MD, First Woman to Lead the Indian Health Service", US Medicine, May 2009, accessed 24 October 2011
- HHS Leadership: "Dr. Yvette Robideaux", IHS, Dept of Health and Human Services, accessed 24 October 2011
- "Yvette Roubideau", Harvard Medical Alumni Association, accessed 24 October 2011
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