Yvon Villarceau

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Yvon Villarceau
Born (1813-01-15)15 January 1813
Vendome, France
Died 23 December 1883(1883-12-23) (aged 70)
Paris, France
Nationality French
Fields Mathematics, astronomy, engineering
Institutions Paris Observatory
Alma mater École Centrale Paris

Antoine-Joseph Yvon Villarceau (15 January 1813 – 23 December 1883) was a French astronomer, mathematician, and engineer.

He constructed an equatorial meridian-instrument and an isochronometric regulator for the Paris Observatory.

He wrote Mecanique Celeste. Expose des Methodes de Wronski et Composantes des Forces Perturbatrices suivant les Axes Mobiles (Paris: Gauthier-Villars, 1881) and Sur l'établissement des arches de pont, envisagé au point de vue de la plus grande stabilité (Paris: Imprimerie Impériale, 1853).

He is the eponym of Villarceau circles, which are two circular sections of a torus other than the two trivial ones.

A short street in the 16th arrondissement in Paris is named after Villarceau.

Rue Yvon-Villarceau in the 16th arrondissement in Paris

References[edit]

  • Debus, Allen G. (1968). World Who's Who in Science: A Biographical Dictionary of Notable Scientists from Antiquity to the Present. Chicago: Marquis-Who's Who. p. 1840.