Zurich Airport

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Zurich Airport
Flughafen Zürich
Zurich airport logo.png
Zurich airport img 3324.jpg
IATA: ZRHICAO: LSZH
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Flughafen Zürich AG
Serves Zürich, Switzerland
Location Kloten, Rümlang, Oberglatt, Winkel and Opfikon[1]
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 1,416 ft / 432 m
Coordinates 47°27′53″N 008°32′57″E / 47.46472°N 8.54917°E / 47.46472; 8.54917Coordinates: 47°27′53″N 008°32′57″E / 47.46472°N 8.54917°E / 47.46472; 8.54917
Website zurich-airport.com
Map
ZRH is located in Switzerland
ZRH
ZRH
Location of airport in Switzerland
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
10/28 8,202 2,500 Concrete
14/32 10,827 3,300 Concrete
16/34 12,139 3,700 Concrete
04/22 3,716 1,132 Concrete
Statistics (2012)
Passengers 24,802,466
Source: List of the busiest airports in Europe

Zurich Airport (German: Flughafen Zürich, IATA: ZRHICAO: LSZH), also known as Zurich Kloten Airport, is the largest international airport of Switzerland and the principal hub of Swiss International Air Lines. It serves Zürich, Switzerland's largest city, and, with its surface transport links, much of the rest of the country. The airport is located 13 kilometres (8 mi) north of central Zürich, in the municipalities of Kloten, Rümlang, Oberglatt, Winkel and Opfikon, all of which are within the canton of Zürich.[1][2]

The airport is owned by Flughafen Zürich AG, a company quoted on the SIX Swiss Exchange. Major shareholders include the canton of Zürich, with 33.33% plus one of the shares, and the city of Zürich, with 5% of the shares. No other shareholder has a holding exceeding 3%.[3] Skyguide is responsible for all Air Traffic Control for Zürich.

History[edit]

The first flight abroad from Switzerland was on July 21, 1921, but the search for a location for a major airport wasn’t started until 1943 inside the Canton of Zürich. The site in Zürich was chosen in 1945 by the federal government and sold 655 hectares of Kloten Ordnance Depot to the Canton of Zürich. Thus the Canton of Zürich had control of the airport. The construction of the airport began the next year.[4]

The first flights off the west runway were not until 1948. The new terminal opened in 1953 with a large air show that ran for three days. In 1947 the airport handled 133638 passengers on 12766 airline flights; in 1952, 372832 passengers on 24728 airline flights.[5]

The first expansion of the airport was submitted in 1956, but the budget for the expansion was not approved by the Swiss Government until 1958 and the expansion was completed in 1961.[4]

The airport was again submitted and approved for renovation in 1970, and Terminal B was completed in 1971. The first signs of noise mitigation for the airport were in 1972, when a night-time curfew was enacted, as well as in 1974 when new approach routes were introduced. Runway 14/32 was opened in 1976, and 16/34 began renovation.[4]

The noise of aircraft became an issue and a noise charge was instituted in 1980, and in 1984, an agreement was made regarding arrivals and departures to the airport via German airspace. The next largest event for the airport was in 1999, when the Parliament of the Canton of Zürich approved privatization of Zurich Airport. It was not until 2000, that Flughafen Zürich AG, trading under the brand Unique was appointed as the new airport operator. The brand Unique was dropped in favour of Zurich Airport and Flughafen Zürich in 2010.[4][6]

The airport lost a lot of traffic when Swissair shut down its operations. Since Lufthansa took over its successor Swiss International Air Lines, traffic has started growing again.

A treaty was signed in 2001, regarding the limitation of flights over Germany. Negotiations have been under way since 2003 about the procedures and noise pollution over Germany and Switzerland.[4]

In 2003, Zurich Airport completed a major expansion project in which it built a new parking garage, a new midfield terminal, and an automated underground train to link the midfield terminal to the main terminal. In November 2008, a complete renovation and rebuild of the old dock "B" structure was announced. The new dock "B" opened in November 2011, and provides segregated access to and from aircraft for Schengen and non-Schengen passengers.[7] Zurich Airport handled 24.8 million passengers in 2012.[8]

Infrastructure[edit]

Terminals[edit]

Dock A
Dock E

The airport has three airside piers, which are known as docks A, B and E. A central air-side building is directly linked to docks A and B, which take the form of finger piers. Dock E, as the midfield terminal is now known, is connected to the central air-side building by an automated underground train, known as the Skymetro. Dock A is exclusively used by flights to and from the Schengen Area, whilst dock E is exclusively used by flights outside the Schengen Area. Dock B can be used by all flights.[9]

The ground-side terminal complex comprises several buildings, and includes several airline check-in areas, a shopping mall, a railway station, car parks, and a bus and tram terminal. Departing passengers access the departure level of the central air-side building, which includes duty-free shopping and various bars and restaurants, via airport security. Passengers are segregated between Schengen and non-Schengen areas on the way to the respective docks, with non-Schengen passengers passing through emigration controls.

Schengen and non-Schengen arriving passengers are handled in separate areas of the central airside building, with non-Schengen passengers passing through immigration controls to reach the ground-side terminal complex.

Runways[edit]

Zurich Airport has three runways: 16/34 of 3,700 m (12,100 ft) in length, 14/32 of 3,300 m (10,800 ft) in length, and 10/28 of 2,500 m (8,200 ft) in length. For most of the day and in most conditions, runway 14 is used for landings and runways 16 and 28 are used for take-offs, although different patterns are used early morning and in the evenings.[10]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Adria Airways Ljubljana
Aegean Airlines Athens (begins 4 June 2014)[11]
Seasonal: Heraklion (begins 28 May 2014),[11] Rhodes (begins 31 May 2014)[11]
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
airBaltic Riga
Air Berlin Alicante, Berlin-Tegel, Brindisi, Catania, Düsseldorf, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Cagliari, Corfu, Funchal, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Lanzarote, Naples, Olbia, Patras/Araxos, Rhodes, Rimini, Samos, Sylt, Zakynthos
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
AIS Airlines Bremen (begins 22 April 2014),[12] Münster/Osnabrück[13]
Air Malta Malta
Air Serbia Belgrade
AlbaStar Seasonal charter: Palma de Mallorca
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino
Alitalia
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Rome-Fiumicino
American Airlines New York-JFK
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna
B&H Airlines Banja Luka, Sarajevo
Belair Hurghada, Pristina, Sharm el-Sheikh, Skopje
Seasonal: Antalya, Djerba, Marsa Alam
Blue Islands Jersey
British Airways London-Heathrow
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
London-City
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Split, Zadar
Cyprus Airways Larnaca
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York-JFK (resumes 16 June 2014)
easyJet London-Gatwick, London-Luton
Edelweiss Air Antalya, Cancun (ends 30 April 2014), Catania, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Havana (begins 8 May 2014),[14] Hurghada, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Las Vegas (begins 5 May 2014),[15] Marrakech, Marsa Alam, Mauritius (ends 5 May 2014), Palma de Mallorca, Pristina, Punta Cana, Sharm el-Sheikh, Skopje, Tampa, Tenerife-South, Varadero (ends 30 April 2014)[16]
Seasonal: Alicante, Bodrum, Cagliari, Cape Town, Dalaman, Edinburgh (begins 12 May 2014), Faro, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kittilä, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Malé, Mykonos, Olbia, Phuket, Reykjavík-Keflavík, Rhodes, Rovaniemi, Santorini, Split, Tokyo-Narita, Vancouver, Varna
El Al Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Emirates Dubai-International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi (begins 1 June 2014)[17]
Etihad Regional
operated by Darwin Airline
Florence (begins 2 May 2014), Geneva (begins 1 May 2014), Leipzig/Halle, Linz (begins 1 June 2014), Lyon (begins 1 June 2014), Sarajevo, Turin (begins 1 May 2014), Verona (begins 1 June 2014)[18]
Eurolot Gdansk, Kraków, Wroclaw
Seasonal: Heringsdorf (begins 24 May 2014)
Finnair Helsinki
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn, Hamburg
Helvetic Airways[19] Bari, Bordeaux (begins 8 May 2014), Bristol
Seasonal: Brindisi, Calvi, Glasgow-International (begins 17 May 2014), Lamezia Terme, Pristina, Shannon, Skopje
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavík-Keflavík
InterSky Dresden (begins 5 May 2014),[20] Graz, Salzburg
Seasonal: Marina di Campo
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon, Vienna
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin[21]
Lufthansa Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Munich
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Eurowings
Düsseldorf
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica
Niki Vienna
Oman Air Muscat
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca[22]
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Sun d'Or International Airlines
operated by El Al
Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
SunExpress İzmir
Seasonal: Antalya
Swiss International Air Lines Amsterdam, Athens, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona-El Prat, Beijing-Capital, Belgrade, Berlin-Tegel, Boston, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Cairo, Chicago-O'Hare, Copenhagen, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Dubai-International, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Hanover, Hong Kong, Istanbul-Atatürk, Johannesburg, Kiev-Boryspil, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Miami, Montréal-Trudeau, Moscow-Domodedovo, Mumbai, Muscat, Nairobi, New York-JFK, Newark, Nice, Oslo-Gardermoen, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino, Saint Petersburg, São Paulo-Guarulhos, San Francisco, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore,[23] Stockholm-Arlanda, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tenerife-South, Tokyo-Narita, Valencia, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin
Seasonal: Catania, Olbia, Porto, Thessaloniki (begins 3 June 2014) Palermo (begins 2 July 2014)[24]
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Darwin Airline
Lugano (ends 30 October 2014)[25]
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Edelweiss Air
New York-JFK
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Helvetic Airways
Birmingham, Brussels, Lyon, Manchester, Prague
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss European Air Lines
Brussels, Düsseldorf, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Hanover, London-City, Luxembourg, Lyon, Milan-Malpensa, Munich, Nice, Nuremberg, Stuttgart, Venice-Marco Polo
TAP Portugal Lisbon, Porto
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Tunisair Tunis
Charter: Djerba, Enfidha
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil
United Airlines Newark, Washington-Dulles
US Airways Philadelphia
Vueling Barcelona
Seasonal: Ibiza (begins 20 June 2014),[26] Santiago de Compostela
WOW air Seasonal: Reykjavík-Keflavík

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Turkish Airlines Cargo Algiers, Istanbul-Ataturk, Tripoli-Mitiga[27]

Statistics[edit]

Busiest routes at Zurich Airport (2012) [28]
Rank Airport Total Passengers Airlines
1 United Kingdom London (Heathrow, Gatwick, City, Luton) 1,675,000 Swiss, British Airways, easyJet
2 Austria Vienna 921,000 Swiss, Austrian Airlines, Niki
3 Germany Berlin 904,000 Swiss, Air Berlin
4 France Paris 759,000 Swiss, Air France
5 Germany Düsseldorf 700,000 Swiss, Air Berlin, Lufthansa
6 Netherlands Amsterdam 674,000 Swiss, KLM
7 United States New York (Newark Airport, JFK Airport) 662,000 Swiss, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, United Airlines
8 Germany Frankfurt 610,000 Swiss, Lufthansa
9 Germany Hamburg 694,000 Swiss, Air Berlin, Lufthansa
10 Spain Barcelona 558,000 Swiss, Vueling
Zurich Airport Passenger Totals 1950-2012 (millions)
Updated: 5 October 2013

Other facilities[edit]

Swiss International Air Lines has an office on the property of Zurich Airport and in Kloten, consisting of the Alpha, Bravo, and Charlie buildings.[29][30] Swiss World Cargo has its head office in the Alpha and Bravo buildings.[31][32] Swiss Private Aviation has its head office in the Swiss complex.[33] Swiss European Air Lines and Swiss AviationTraining, subsidiaries of Swiss, are also headquartered on the airport property.[34][35]

Edelweiss Air has its head office in the Edelweiss Air Operations Center (OTC) on the airport grounds.[36] gategroup has its head office on the airport property.[37] Helvetic Airways has its head office on the grounds of the airport in Kloten.[38] The corporate offices for Swissôtel are located in the Prioria Business Center on the property of Zurich Airport and in Kloten.[39][40]

Rega (Swiss Air-Rescue), the air rescue service, has its head office in the Rega Centre, a hangar located in the northeast section of Zurich Airport. This hangar has direct access to the runways of the airport.[41] It is within the municipality of Kloten.[42]

When Swissair existed, its head office was at Zurich Airport and in Kloten.[43][44] The head office was in proximity to the main airport facilities.[44] In 1985 Crossair was headquartered in Kloten.[45]

Ground transportation[edit]

Car[edit]

The airport is served by the A51 motorway and other main roads, which provide access to the airport especially for the central and eastern Switzerland.

Train[edit]

Zurich Airport railway station is located underneath the terminal. The station has frequent Zürich S-Bahn services on lines S2 and S16, plus direct InterRegio, InterCity and Eurocity services to Basel, Bern, Biel/Bienne, Brig, Geneva, Konstanz, Lausanne, Lucerne, Munich, Neuchâtel, Romanshorn, St. Gallen and Winterthur. There are 10 trains per hour to Zürich Hauptbahnhof, Zürich's main city centre station, with a journey time of between 10 and 15 minutes. By changing trains at Hauptbahnhof, most other places in Switzerland can be reached in a few hours.

Bus and tram[edit]

In front of the terminal is a regional bus station and the airport stop of the Stadtbahn Glattal, a light rail system. Both bus station and light rail stop provide service to destinations throughout the Glattal region that surrounds the airport, with the light rail stop being served by Zürich tram routes 10 and 12.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Confederation. map.geo.admin.ch (Map). http://map.geo.admin.ch/?selectedNode=node_ch.swisstopo.swissboundaries3d-gemeinde-flaeche.fill1&Y=684939.5&X=256869.86661104&zoom=6&bgLayer=ch.swisstopo.pixelkarte-farbe&layers=ch.swisstopo.swissboundaries3d-gemeinde-flaeche.fill&layers_opacity=1&layers_visibility=true&time_current=latest&lang=en. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
  2. ^ "GIS-ZH". Amt für Raumentwicklung Zürich. Retrieved April 24, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Corporate governance". Zurich-airport.com. Retrieved 2014-02-13. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "History of Zurich Airport". Zurich-airport.com. Retrieved 2012-08-27. 
  5. ^ American Aviation 3 August 1953 p35
  6. ^ "New name for Zurich Airport". Lifestyle & Shopping Magazine (Winter 2009/2010) (Flughafen Zürich). p. 11. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  7. ^ "Dock B". Zurich Airport. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  8. ^ "Zurich Airport Statistical Year Book / Financial Year 2012". Flughafen Zürich AG. Retrieved 2014-02-13. 
  9. ^ "Information for transfer passengers". Zurich Airport. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  10. ^ "Spotting at ZRH". planephotos.ch. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  11. ^ a b c "Flight timetables search". Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  12. ^ http://www.airliners.de/flughafen-bremen-findet-ersatz-fuer-rostock-airways/31695
  13. ^ http://www.aisairlines.com/?lang=de
  14. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2013/09/05/wk-s14update1/
  15. ^ Nonstop From Switzerland Headed To McCarran « CBS Las Vegas. Lasvegas.cbslocal.com. Retrieved on 2013-09-07.
  16. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/02/24/lxwk-hav-s14/
  17. ^ "Etihad Airways to start services to Zurich" (Press release). Etihad Airways. 17 November 2013. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  18. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2013/12/11/f7-s14update2/
  19. ^ http://www.helvetic.com/hdc/destinationoverview
  20. ^ http://www.fliegerweb.com/airliner/news/artikel.php?show=news-12097
  21. ^ http://www.airliners.de/lot-wieder-nach-duesseldorf-und-zuerich/31721
  22. ^ "Royal Air Maroc revient à Zürich" [Royal Air Maroc resumes services to Zürich] (in French). Air Journal. 7 March 2013. Archived from the original on 8 March 2013. 
  23. ^ [1][dead link]
  24. ^ http://www.swiss.com/web/DE/about_swiss/media/press_releases/Pages/pr_20131211.aspx>
  25. ^ http://www.austrianaviation.net/news-international/news-detail/datum/2014/03/17/hohmeister-darwin-verliert-swiss-auftrag.html
  26. ^ Vueling neu von Zürich nach Ibiza. Travelinside.ch (2013-12-02). Retrieved on 2012-12-02.
  27. ^ Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule
  28. ^ http://www.flughafen-zuerich.ch/~/media/FlughafenZH/Dokumente/Das_Unternehmen/Flughafen_Zuerich_AG/Broschuere_Zahlen_und_Fakten_2012_de.pdf
  29. ^ "Kloten." Ortspläne Schweiz. Retrieved on 2 October 2009.
  30. ^ "Swiss International Air Lines Zürich." Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on 24 September 2009.
  31. ^ "The head office of Swiss WorldCargo is located within the corporate headquarters of SWISS International Air Lines, in Zürich-Kloten, in close proximity to Zürich International Airport." and "How to find us by public transport: - From Zurich Airport take the 737 bus to “Obstgartenstrasse” (final stop of the bus line). - The bus stops right in front of the SWISS headquarters main entrance." and "MAILING adDress Swiss WorldCargo Swiss International Air Lines Ltd. PO Box ZRHLX/CSM 8058 Zurich Airport Switzerland" Swiss World Cargo. Retrieved on 17 September 2011.
  32. ^ "Map." Swiss World Cargo. Retrieved on 17 September 2011. "SWISS INTERNATIONAL AIR LINES AG 3TOPS GEBÄUDE ALPHA + BRAVO OBSTGARTENSTRASSE 25, 8302 KLOTEN ÜBERSICHTSPLAN"
  33. ^ "Contact." Swiss Private Aviation. Retrieved on 12 January 2010. "Swiss PrivateAviation AG Obstgartenstr. 25 8058 Zürich-Airport Switzerland"
  34. ^ "Swiss European Air Lines FACTS AND FIGURES." Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on 29 September 2009. "Headquarters Swiss European Air Lines AG Postfach CH-8058 Zurich Airport Switzerland"
  35. ^ "Siutation Map." (Archive) Swiss AviationTraining. Retrieved on 17 September 2011.
  36. ^ "Ground Map." (See image) Edelweiss Air. Retrieved on 17 September 2011.
  37. ^ "Contact Us." gategroup. Retrieved on 17 September 2011. "Global and European Headquarters Balsberg, P.O. Box QV CH-8058 Zürich-Airport Switzerland"
  38. ^ "Imprint." Helvetic Airways. Retrieved on 6 November 2009. "Helvetic Airways AG P.O. Box 250 CH-8058 Zurich Airport"
  39. ^ "FULL TERMS AND CONDITIONS." (Archive) Swissôtel. Retrieved on 20 October 2012. "Swissôtel Hotels & Resorts, Balz-Zimmermannstr. 7, 8058 Zürich-Airport, CH. Registered number CH-020.3.925.568-2 "
  40. ^ "Priora Business Center." (Archive) Priora. Retrieved on 20 October 2012. "Priora Business Center Balsberg Balz-Zimmermann-Strasse 7 CH-8302 Kloten"
  41. ^ "Rega Centre." (Archive) REGA. Retrieved on March 16, 2014.
  42. ^ "anfahrtsplan_rega_center_en.pdf" (Archive) REGA. Retrieved on March 16, 2014. "Address for route guidance systems: Bimenzältenstrasse 87 / 8302 Kloten" - See in: German, French, Italian
  43. ^ "facts & figures." Swissair. Retrieved on 13 June 2009. "Swissair AG, P.O. Box, CH-8058 Zurich Airport"
  44. ^ a b "Headquarters of Swissair Zuerich-Kloten." KSG,Architects G.Müller + G.Berger. Retrieved on 27 September 2011. The building is located here
  45. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 30 March 1985. 71." Retrieved on 17 June 2009. "Head Office: PO Box 630, CH-8058 Zurich Airport, Switzerland."

External links[edit]

Media related to Zurich International Airport at Wikimedia Commons