Zürich Stadelhofen railway station
City of Zürich,
Canton of Zürich,
|Owned by||Swiss Federal Railway (SBB)|
|Line(s)||Lake Zürich right bank
|Connections||Zürich trams (routes 2, 4, 11 & 15)|
Zürich Stadelhofen (German: Zürich Stadelhofen) is an important local railway station in the city of Zürich, on the Zürich-Rapperswil, Zürich-Winterthur, Zürich-Uster lines of the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB). It is also the terminus of the Forchbahn (FB) suburban railway and is served by several lines of the Zürich tram network.
For most of its life, Stadelhofen station was an intermediate station on the Lake Zürich right bank railway (Rechtsufrige Zürichseebahn) from Zürich Hauptbahnhof to Rapperswil station. As built in 1894, this single track line departed from Zürich Hauptbahnhof station in a westerly direction, before performing a clockwise 270 degrees turn via a viaduct over the River Limmat and passing through Letten station and the Letten Tunnel to Stadelhofen. By rail the distance between the Hauptbahnhof and Stadelhofen was some 5 kilometres (3.1 mi), despite the fact that they are only 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) apart in a straight line.
In 1990 there were major changes to the railway geography of this part of Zürich. To the north of Stadelhofen, the Letten Tunnel was closed and replaced by the Hirschengraben Tunnel, which took a direct route under the River Limmat to Hauptbahnhof, serving new through low level platforms there. At the same time a junction was formed to the south of Stadelhofen, allowing trains leaving Zurich to take either the original right bank line to Rapperswil, or to travel via the newly built Zürichberg Tunnel to Stettbach station and points to the east and north of Zurich. Stadelhofen therefore became part of the through west-east backbone of the Zürich S-Bahn.
Stadelhofen station is a nodal point of the Zürich transport network. The main station is served by lines S3, S5, S6, S7, S9, S12, S15 and S16 of the Zürich S-Bahn, running on the SBB lines. S-Bahn line S18, running over the Forchbahn, leaves from outside the station, at a stop on Stadelhofenplatz.
Train connections to Stadelhofen from Zürich Hauptbahnhof are very frequent, and the ride takes only two minutes. From Stadelhofen, trains leaving for the main station, Dübendorf and Rapperswil separate in different directions. The Forchbahn runs via Forch to Esslingen. Trams and buses connect Stadelhofen to areas both inside and outside of the city of Zürich.
The Stadelhofenplatz stop is also served by tram routes 11 and 15 of the Verkehrsbetriebe Zürich, whilst the same operators tram routes 2 and 4 serve the nearby Opernhaus stop. Trams and buses connect Stadelhofen to areas both inside and outside of the city of Zürich.
In the 1990s the train station was rebuilt by the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava. The principal challenge of this rebuild was to add a third track to a station constrained by a steep hillside rising above the station to one side, and an urban square to the other. The resulting design preserved the station building from 1894 on the square side, and excavated the hillside to provide room for the third track and the platform serving it. The hillside was then restored with a multilevel structure that reinstates the walkways and bank above, while providing an open, naturally lit island platform underneath serving the new track and its pre-existing neighbour. The massive canopy over this platform is complemented by a much lighter metal and glass canopy over the platform on the square side of the station. An underground arcade was created beneath the length of the station, providing retail space as well as access between the platforms and station entrances. The arcade is framed by sculptural arches, and is naturally lit through glass blocks embedded on the platforms. As well as the underground arcade, two pedestrian bridges span the station, linking the city on each side.
Both station building and platforms are inscribed on the Swiss Inventory of Cultural Property of National Significance.
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