Zīnah al-Sādāt Humāyūnī

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Zīnah al-Sādāt Humāyūnī, also Alavīyah Humāyūnī, or Homayuni, (born 1917) is a female religious scholar from Isfahan, Iran, who was the most prominent student of Iran's leading mujtaheda of the 20th century, Banu Amin.[1]

When Banu Amin opened one of the country's first religious seminary for women in Iran in the 1960s, the Maktab-e Fatimah of Isfahan, Zīnah al-Sādāt Humāyūnī became its director and remained in that position until 1992. Apparently, the establishment of the maktab was first and foremost Humāyūnī's idea. She made key administrative decisions and devised the study program.[2]

When Humāyūnī retired, Ḥajj Āqā Ḥasan Imāmi, a relative of Humāyūnī's, took over the directorship of the school.[1]

Humāyūnī has translated two books from Arabic into Persian and is also the author of two books.

Books[edit]

  • Shakhṣīyat-i Zan (The personality features of woman), Tehran, 1369 [1990].
  • Zan mazhar-i khallāqīyat-i Allāh, Tehran, Daftar-i Intishārāt-i Islāmī, 1377 [1998].
  • Persian translation of the book Isrār al-Āyāt (The Mysteries of the Qur'ānic verses) by Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm Ṣadr al-Din Shīrāzī (1573–1641), Tehran, 1984.
  • Persian translation of the book Tarjumah-i Arbaʿīn al-Hāshimīyah by Nusrat Amin, Tehran: Hudá, 1365 [1986].

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Künkler, Mirjam; Fazaeli, Roja (2012), "The Life of Two Mujtahidahs: Female Religious Authority in 20th Century Iran", in Bano, Masooda; Kalmbach, Hilary, Women, Leadership and Mosques: Changes in Contemporary Islamic Authority, Brill Publishers, pp. 127–160 .
  2. ^ See Nāhīd Tayyibī. Zindagānī-yi Bānū-yi Īrānī: Bānū-yi Mujtahidah Nuṣrat al-Sādāt Amīn, (Qom: Sābiqūn Publishers, 1380 [2001]), 124ff.