ZAP (motor company)
|Type||Public company (OTCQB: ZAAP)|
|Founder(s)||Gary Starr (Co-Founder)|
|Headquarters||Santa Rosa, California, United States|
|Key people||Priscilla Lu (Chairman)
Steven Schneider (CEO)
Wang Gang (co-CEO)
Gary Dodd (President)
H. David Jones (COO)
William Hartman (CFO)
ZAP Electric Taxi
|Revenue||US$-4.07 million (2009)|
|Net income||US$10.69 million (2009)|
|Total assets||US$13.78 million (2009)|
|Total equity||US$3.52 million (2009)|
|Subsidiaries||Zhejiang Jonway (51%)|
ZAP is an American electric vehicle company that designs, produces and markets vehicles including automobiles, motorcycles, bicycles, scooters, personal watercraft, hovercraft, ATVs, neighborhood electric vehicles and commercial vehicles. The name stands for Zero Air Pollution. The company headquarters are located in Santa Rosa, California.
- 1 History
- 2 Retail and subsidiaries
- 3 Fleets
- 4 Under development
- 5 Controversy
- 6 Public involvement
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
ZAP Power Systems (for zero air pollution), was launched by Jim McGreen in 1992 with the goal of designing, building and selling innovative electric vehicles. The company was incorporated on September 23, 1994 as ZAP Power Systems of Sebastopol, California, by McGreen, Gary Starr and their wives. In 1993 Automotive News named Starr among the top ten authorities in the electric car industry. He had previous experience with electric cars, including his work at Solar Electric Engineering and U.S. Electricar, which is currently known as Enova Systems. Starr was involved in electric conversion projects, various production cars and kit cars.
1997 – Arrangement with Chinese bicycle companies for ZAP's drive system supply. In April, agrees to sell electric bikes to Brunswick Corp, by May signed a distribution agreement with Fondmetal Export AG export company.
1998 – First electric bike store opened in San Francisco.
Mergers and acquisitions
Retail and subsidiaries
ZAP Electric Vehicles
The company operates a retail car lot for sales of its automotive product line which includes the ZAPTRUCK XL and ZAPVAN Shuttle, two low-speed vehicles for the fleet market, the ZAP Xebra Truck and Sedan, also develops and commercializes electric power-assist system motor kits for bicycles, as well as electric bicycles, electric ATVs and personal electric scooters.
Currently the wholly owned subsidiaries are: Voltage Vehicles, a Nevada company engaged in the distribution and sale of advanced technology and conventional automobiles; ZAPWorld Stores, Inc., engaged in consumer sales of ZAP products in one location; ZAP Manufacturing, Inc., also a Nevada company, engaged in the distribution of ZAP products; RAP Group, Inc., was engaged in the sale and liquidation of conventional automobiles; and ZAP Rental Outlet, a Nevada company. (ZAP World Outlet, ZAP Rental Outlet and RAP Group are not currently operating subsidiaries).
This division is focused on Portable Energy (batteries), the company through the Recharge-It-All line sells battery packs to power or charge a range of mobile electronics such as cellular phones, digital cameras and laptops, providing significantly more charge time than available technologies. The Portable Energy devices fall under two product lines. It includes the universal chargers and iPOD models and the iPhone. The universal chargers are rechargeable battery packs that extend the use of small and medium-sized electronic devices up to two to five times their normal battery life.
The reorganized ZAP's market strategy was announced to cover fleet needs, with four tangible products launched until date, the ZAP Xebra(2006), ZAP Dude(2008), ZAP Truck XL(2008) and the ZAP Shuttle Van(2008).
The ZAP Xebra is a three-wheeled all-electric city car capable of 40 mph (64 km/h), charges off of a 110 volt outlet. Serves Domino's Pizza delivery service in Las Vegas, Aspen in the USA, Coca-Cola distribution model in Montevideo, Uruguay and includes an adapted version: The Xebra Truck. The United Parcel Service (UPS) in Northern California combines a fleet of Xebra trucks and sedans to expand small parcel deliveries, after UPS delivery vans transfer smaller packages to locked storage unit, an electric Xebra car/truck transports packages into dense urban and residential areas where parking and traffic are easier for the smaller vehicles. The production of this vehicle have been phased out since 2009.
- Xebra Legal Issues: Massachusetts
According to a July 31, 2008, editorial in Wired Magazine, motorists in Massachusetts are unable to register the ZAP Xebra legally, because the vehicle doesn't fit the state's definition of either a car or a motorcycle. Registrants of ZAP Xebras received letters from the state's Registry of Motor Vehicles stating that their vehicle registration plates had been revoked and their registrations were invalid.
Both the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate found it as an nihilism, when they passed the legislation on December 31, allowing three-wheeled motor vehicles in Boston roads. The change was achieved through joint efforts by the Registry of Motor Vehicles, state Senator Robert L. Hedlund, a Weymouth Republican, and state Representative Garrett J. Bradley, a Hingham Democrat.
The electric four-wheeled all-terrain vehicle ZAP Dude ATV, designed for installation security patrols and maintenance functions, can go up to 25 mph (40 km/h) and has a range of 25 miles (40 km) with a 48 volt permanent-magnet brush DC motor and standard 65 amp hour absorbed glass mat (AGM) lead acid batteries, fact that sacrifices charging time to 4 to 6 hours and the continuous power to 4 kW, both indicators improvable with a lithium battery technology. Is the cheapest in the company's electric vehicle portfolio, been introduced to natural reserve patrols, US Military and agriculture and farming markets, where usage is scheduled and power stations are strategically located.
- Dude atv specifications
|Motor||48V DC motor|
|Continuous Power / Peak Horse Power||4 kW / 12 hp|
|Length/ Width/ Height/ Weight||76"/ 40"/ 43"/ 707 lbs|
|Max. Capacity (Weight/ Tow/ Rack)||290 lbs/ 650 lbs/ 100 lbs (front & rear)|
|Wheelbase/ Turning Radius||46.5"/ 124"|
- There was an attached statement that range would vary depending on hill grade, speed, and rider weight.
ZAP Truck XL
The ZAPTRUCK XL classifies as a Zero Emission Vehicle(ZEV), with an off-road payload up to 1,900 lb (860 kg) and a convertible truck bed, have served a small contractor company from California, Ghilotti Construction Co., to move parts off site, UPS delivery services have also add the four-wheeled vehicle mostly to its Bay Area parcel fleet needs, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) have added the vehicle to their transportation operating mode. The U.S. Military has been putting the vehicle to test by engaging them into logistics tasks since 2009.
The ZAP-X is an electric crossover SUV previously expected to be launched in 2008 by ZAP and Lotus Engineering based on the Lotus APX prototype platform. The claimed potential performance was a total of 644 bhp (480 kW; 653 PS) from four in-wheel electric motors, a 350-mile (560 km) single-charge range, 155 mph (249 km/h) top speed, 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) acceleration in 4.8 seconds and a 10 minute recharge time, with an estimated production cost of over $395 million together with the Alias. This product have not been offered for sale to the public.
ZAP Electric SUV/Taxi
ZAP is developing the ZAP Electric SUV/Taxi, an all electric family SUV, tested at the Korea Electric Vehicle Challenge from March to early April, an on-road multistage demonstration event of three rest and recharge stops that includes a 220 km freeway rally at average speeds of 80–85 km/h(52.8 mph). Vehicle presented ahead of the Beijing International Automotive Exhibition by the CEO of ZAP, Steve Schneider, as the company latest effort. The model also available with a fuel efficient engine based on Jonway's A380 platform,.
The ZAP Alias Roadster is a plug-in electric three-wheeled sports car from the American electric car maker ZAP that was originally scheduled to go into production in 2009, with two wheels at the front, each containing an electric wheel-motor, and one at the rear, the project initiated in 2007 through a collaboration between ZAP and Lotus Engineering, the UK-based automotive engineering company, who are assisting with the development of the vehicle. Was supposed to have gone into production in 2009. The performance announced in 2008, was 0-60 mph (97 km/h) mph in 5.7 seconds, with a top speed of 156 mph (251 km/h) mph and a range of 100 miles (160 km). The vehicle was a finalist at the 2010 Progressive Insurance X Prize driven by Al Unser, Jr., but was eliminated due to mechanical failure in the final track event.
A feature article in the April 2008 issue of Wired alleged that "ZAP has taken millions from investors and dealers eager to see the company's line of green cars hit the road. But that line has never materialized." The article alleges that board members issued themselves large amounts of company stock and warrants and made misleading claims about the company's prospects, allowing them to enrich themselves at the expense of dealers who bought franchises and did not receive the cars that they were expecting to sell. While the company sold the low-end Xebra for a number of years, more expensive, higher-performance models have been repeatedly announced but not produced. 
ZAP sold shares partially based on its intention to sell Smart cars, but that deal fell through, leading Daimler-Chrysler, the Smart car's manufacturer, to say that ZAP's behavior revealed "both the sham nature of its purported business and a lack of trustworthiness that is nothing short of stunning." Although ZAP did sell 300 Smart cars that it bought from Daimler-Chrysler distributors, it sued Daimler-Chrysler in California for $ 2 Billion for Libel and Business Interference. ZAP lost the initial lawsuit and also subsequent appeals based on jurisdiction.
2001 – The SWIMMY was chosen as finalist for NASDAQ Sports Product of the Year in January, by Sporting Goods Manufacturers Association. ZAP held an international songwriting contest, "Pollution Solution", for Earth Day 2001, with a $5000 prize. Unveiled the ZAPADAPT, an electric-assist for manual wheelchairs at the Abilities Expo.
2010 – Engineering contract awarded for design and development of a version of the Grumman Long Life Vehicle., the boxy truck used by postal delivery workers since 1987.
2010 – ZAP was the official sponsor of EV Korea 2010 along with Samyang Optics, with support from the Korean Ministry of Knowledge Economy, Presidential Committee on Green Growth, Seoul Metropolitan Government, Korea Transport Institute, Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute, Korea Electronics Technology Institute Korea, Automotive Research Institute, Korea Electric Vehicle Industry Association and others. Event held concurrently with the New & Renewable Energy and Battery Expo 2010, with around 98 exhibitors and up to 25,000 attendees.
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