Yugoslav National Movement

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Yugoslav National Movement
President Dimitrije Ljotić
Founder Dimitrije Ljotić
Vice president Juraj Korenić
Founded 1935
Dissolved 1945
Ideology Fascism, Nazism, Conservative nationalism, Integralism, Religious fundamentalism
Political position Far right
Politics of Yugoslavia
Political parties
Elections

The Yugoslav National Movement (Serbo-Croatian: Jugoslovenski narodni pokret "Zbor", ZBOR), commonly known simply as ZBOR, was a Yugoslav fascist[1] and conservative nationalist movement formed in 1935 by Dimitrije Ljotić.[2] Ljotić was the president of the party, alongside the vice president, Juraj Korenić (a Croat medical doctor from Zagreb). ZBOR's ideology was a blend of Italian Fascism, Nazism, and Serbian Orthodox Christian fundamentalism.[3] ZBOR under Ljotić's leadership promoted integral Yugoslavism, authoritarianism, corporatism, monarchism, anti-communism, anti-freemasonry, anti-democratic views, Serbian orthodox religious ethics, Serbian peasant paternalism, and anti-Semitism.[2]

The ZBOR party tried to create an alliance with the Germany before the start of World War II. It had received funding from the state from at least 1937 and onwards. It was eventually banned in Yugoslavia during the Cvetković government in 1940.[4] This ban was short-lived. After the defeat of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1941, the party placed itself in complete service to the German occupation forces, and soon created its own military arm Serbian Volunteer Corps (Srpski dobrovoljački korpus), which was the kernel of the military forces of the Government of National Salvation in the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bosworth (2009), p. ?
  2. ^ a b Tomasevich (2001), p. 186
  3. ^ Cyprian Blamires, Paul Jackson. World fascism: a historical encyclopedia, Volume 1. Santa Barbara, California, USA: ABC-CLIO, 2006. Pp. 392.
  4. ^ Cohen (1996), p. 20

References[edit]

  • Bosworth, R.J.B. (2009). The Oxford Handbook of Fascism. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199291311. 
  • Cohen, Philip J. (1996). Serbia's Secret War: Propaganda and the Deceit of History. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 0890967601. 
  • Tomasevich, Jozo (2001). War and Revolution in Yugoslavia, 1941-1945: Occupation and Collaboration. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0804736154.