Yugoslav National Movement
|Yugoslav National Movement|
|Vice president||Juraj Korenić|
|Ideology||Fascism, Nazism, Conservative nationalism, Integralism, Religious fundamentalism|
|Political position||Far right|
|Politics of Yugoslavia
The Yugoslav National Movement (Serbo-Croatian: Jugoslovenski narodni pokret "Zbor", ZBOR), commonly known simply as ZBOR, was a Yugoslav fascist and conservative nationalist movement formed in 1935 by Dimitrije Ljotić. Ljotić was the president of the party, alongside the vice president, Juraj Korenić (a Croat medical doctor from Zagreb). ZBOR's ideology was a blend of Italian Fascism, Nazism, and Serbian Orthodox Christian fundamentalism. ZBOR under Ljotić's leadership promoted integral Yugoslavism, authoritarianism, corporatism, monarchism, anti-communism, anti-freemasonry, anti-democratic views, Serbian orthodox religious ethics, Serbian peasant paternalism, and anti-Semitism.
The ZBOR party tried to create an alliance with the Germany before the start of World War II. It had received funding from the state from at least 1937 and onwards. It was eventually banned in Yugoslavia during the Cvetković government in 1940. This ban was short-lived. After the defeat of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1941, the party placed itself in complete service to the German occupation forces, and soon created its own military arm Serbian Volunteer Corps (Srpski dobrovoljački korpus), which was the kernel of the military forces of the Government of National Salvation in the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia.
- Bosworth, R.J.B. (2009). The Oxford Handbook of Fascism. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199291311.
- Cohen, Philip J. (1996). Serbia's Secret War: Propaganda and the Deceit of History. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 0890967601.
- Tomasevich, Jozo (2001). War and Revolution in Yugoslavia, 1941-1945: Occupation and Collaboration. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0804736154.
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