ZIL 131

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ZIL-131 with KUNG command post.
9P138 "Grad-1" on ZiL 131

The ZIL-131 is a general purpose 3.5 tons 6x6 army truck designed in the Soviet Union by ZIL. The basic model being a general cargo truck. Variants include a tractor-trailer truck, a dump truck, a fuel truck, and a 6x6 for towing a 4-wheeled powered trailer. The ZIL-131 also serves as a platform for the 9P138 rocket launcher, a 30-tube variant of the BM-21 "Grad".

The ZIL-131 has a civilian version the ZIL-130, both were introduced in 1967 as a family of two trucks sharing identical components. The ZIL-131 6x6 has the same equipment as the GAZ-66 and Ural-375D.

The ZIL-130/131 was in production at the "AMUR" truck plant (as the AMUR 531340), with both gasoline and diesel engines, until 2012 when Anur shut down and filed for bankruptcy.[1]

Specification[edit]

ZIL-131-based fire engine
  • Cab Design: Forward Engine
  • Seating Capacity (cab): 3
  • Curb weight: 6700 kg
  • Payload: 5000 kg plus trailer 5000 kg (on road), or 3,500 kg plus trailer 4000 kg off road.
  • Suspension: solid axles with leaf springs.
  • Engine: V8 gasoline (carburetor)
  • Displacement: 6,960 cc (bore 3.94", stroke 4.36")
  • Compression Ratio: 6.5:1.
  • Top speed: 80 km/h
  • Brakes: drums, with pneumatic control.
  • Stopping distance (at 35 km/h): 40 ft (12 m)
  • Length: 23 ft 1 in (7.04 m)
  • Width: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m) (cab)/ 9 ft 9 in (2.97 m) (transport body)
  • Wheelbase: 10 ft 10 in (3.30 m)+4 ft 7 in (1.40 m)
  • Track front/rear: 6 ft (1.83 m)/5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)
  • Tire measures: 12.00x20
  • Maneuverability: turning circle 33'5.6", approach angle 36 deg., departure angle 40 deg., max. ascent angle 31 deg (with 3,750 kg (8,267 lb) load)., ground clearance 13 in (330 mm), overcome ford 4 ft 7 in (1.40 m)
  • Tires: 305R20
  • Tire Pressure: 7.1-60 p.s.i.(controlled).
  • Fuel tanks: 2x45 gal.
  • Fuel economy: 5.9 mpg-US (40 L/100 km; 7.1 mpg-imp) (city), 50 to 100 liters/100 km (cross-country).
  • Price $7,300 to $8,300 USD
  • transmission: 5 m, 2-speed transfer case

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://66.ru/auto/news/117808/ Famous factory "Automobiles and Motors of the Urals" ceased to exist dated 6 May 2012

See also[edit]

External links[edit]