ZM (New Zealand)

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ZM
ZM2014Logo.png
Broadcast area 20 markets in New Zealand
Slogan NZ's Hit Music
First air date c.1973
Format Hit Music
Owner The Radio Network
Webcast http://www.iheart.com/live/ZM-6190/
Website zmonline.com

ZM (pronounced zed-em) is a New Zealand contemporary hit radio network owned by The Radio Network. It broadcasts 19 markets throughout mainland New Zealand via terrestrial FM, and worldwide via the Internet. The network targets the 15–39 demographic specialises in a chart-music playlist of pop, rock, hip hop and dance music. It reaches approximately 341,000 listeners weekly, making it the third largest commercial radio station in New Zealand.[1]

The ZM network as it is today was founded in the early 1970s as three separate commercial music stations owned by Radio New Zealand in Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch. The name is derived from the former callsigns of the stations: 1ZM, 2ZM and 3ZM – Z denoting a Radio New Zealand commercial station and M for Music. The stations were carved off to The Radio Network in 1996, and ZM spread across the country, originally as three separate networks before finally merging to form one nationwide network in 2009.

The network's head office and main studios are based in Auckland, where all of the programming is produced.

ZM History[edit]

Early Years[edit]

The ZM name derives from the original 1ZM radio station founded by W.W. (Bill) Rodgers in the late 1920s in Manurewa, then a farming village south of Auckland, The letter Z meant a privately owned (later commercial) station, and the M stood for Manurewa.

The station was later acquired by the NZ Government and moved 26 km north to Auckland City, where it shared space in the 1941 Art Deco Broadcasting House studios of 1ZB. In April 1944 1ZM was handed over to the US AFRS military broadcasting service to provide entertainment for US troops on R & R leave in Auckland, as part of the AES Mosquito Network. The American programming, drawn from all three US radio networks (ABC, NBC and CBS) and played without commercial advertisements, proved popular not only with US troops but also with Aucklanders who appreciated the lively style of presentation and the latest American hits. After the war 1ZM was returned to the government broadcasting department, New Zealand Broadcasting Service (NZBS) and its successor, but still state-owned, New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation (NZBC).

As part of a reshuffle of frequencies and callsigns 1ZM was renamed, first 1ZD and then 1YD, in line with the Wellington metro station 2YD which had opened in 1937. 1ZM /1YD was turned into a low-power non-commercial metro music station, broadcasting retro hits and oldies from 5 pm to 10 pm weeknights, and from 10 am to 10 pm weekends. Later, to help meet demand for advertising in the single State owned commercial station 1ZB, 1YD was authorised to carry low-level commercials read live at the microphone, and by the 1960s transmitter time in Auckland was leased in the mornings to a private commercial operator Radio i, which later secured its own AM channel.

The start of 'pirate' broadcasting in 1966 from Radio Hauraki, based on a barge in the Hauraki Gulf, and the consequent opening up of NZ radio to private investors led to a sharp rise in competition, and the NZBC looked to sharpen up the rather fusty image of its metro stations by rebranding the three YD stations in Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch back to ZM and promoting them under the brand ZM Maxi Music.

1970s - Rebranding[edit]

  • The ZM format under NZBC, and from 1975 Radio New Zealand, control evolved through several different musical forms. The network has developed from the original three AM radio stations in Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch to a nationwide radio station covering 20 markets.
  • ZM in its current format first began in 1973 in Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch as 1ZM, 2ZM and 3ZM respectively. In Auckland 1ZM broadcast on 1250 kHz, in Wellington on 1130 kHz and Christchurch on 1400 kHz. In 1978 the AM frequency step in New Zealand was changed from a 10 kHz step to a 9 kHz step as a result all three stations changed frequencies. 1ZM moved to 1251 kHz, 2ZM Wellington moved to 1161 kHz but was branded as 1162ZM and 3ZM Christchurch moved to 1323 kHz.

1980s - FM broadcasting and an exit from the Auckland market[edit]

  • In 1981, Radio New Zealand stations were finally granted the right to broadcast 24 hours per day; previously only the domain of private operators. Overnight networked programming was introduced with the ZM All-Nighter show. Programming was produced from the 1ZM studios in Auckland and networked to 2ZM Wellington and 3ZM Christchurch. 2ZK in Hawkes Bay and 4ZG in Gore also took the ZM All-Nighter. Programming was also networked to the ZMFM station introduced in Palmerston North in 1987. The show was offered as an 'alternative music choice to the top 40-based formats offered by the private stations and was originally hosted by Barry Jenkin from Auckland. With his departure in 1983, the alternative format remained, but the music played was more top-40-based with the large percentage of NZ music.
  • In 1982, 1ZM lost its bid for an FM license and with the Broadcasting Tribunal allowing two new private radio stations into the Auckland market, 1ZM was required to re format and adopt a 'Limited Sponsorship' model in place of its full commercial licence. This was an attempt to assist the new operators in establishing a revenue base. For 1ZM this meant that although the station could still run paid-for advertisements, those messages could not have music underneath, mention price or be longer than 25 words. Within 2–3 years, both 1ZM's financial and audience market share dropped significantly as advertisers and young listeners were attracted by the higher quality sound of the FM stations, despite the absence of long commercial breaks on 1ZM. 1ZM at the time promoted itself as "Total Music ZM" to emphasise the commercial-free format. The station's management was still determined to secure an FM warrant and even employed a sales team to sell '30-second shares' in its first day of broadcast in stereo. With its final attempt unsuccessful under the old Broadcasting Warrant scheme, a decision was made to attempt a further re-format and 'Classic Hits' was first introduced. This format had been successful for a number of years in the USA. The small, tightly rotated playlist of 'Hit Radio' tunes was abandoned and the station instead targeted 25-44-year-olds with a playlist containing over 3,500 songs, playing everything from Dean Martin to ACDC. The 1987 version of Classic Hits was unlike anything else available at that time. The re formatting was essentially an attempt to recover audience, but was still costing Radio NZ over $1 million per annum to operate as it was the only "commercial station" legally required to run no commercials. The change to the Classic Hits format saw 1ZM drop the ZM name and become Classic Hits Twelve Fifty One. The change in name marked the birth of the Classic Hits Network known today; however, the Classic Hits brand was not rolled out to the rest of New Zealand until 1993. By this time, the wide-ranging playlist had been trimmed down significantly. The Lange government's liberalisation of the broadcasting warrant system (which was ultimately abolished in 1989/1990) saw the station finally win the right in December 1989 to broadcast in stereo on 97.4 MHz in Auckland and broadcast commercials. The 1251kHz frequency licence was transferred to Christian broadcaster Radio Rhema. The move to FM saw the station change branding to Classic Hits 97FM. The original line up was: 06:00am Peter Mac and Mary-Jane Tomasi, 09:00am John Hawkesby, 12:00pm Bob Gentil & 3:00pm Darren Mills.
  • While ZM was forced to become commercial-free in Auckland, it was business as usual in Wellington and Christchurch. In 1985 2ZM Wellington switched to FM and in 1986 Christchurch also made the move to FM. Following the change, both stations rebranded to become Hit Radio ZMFM. A ZM station was established in Palmerston North with a local breakfast show, but all programming outside breakfast was networked from Wellington.
  • The ZM All-Nighter was dropped in 1989 with all stations now running their own local overnight shows. Up until this point the ZM All-Nighter had continued to be produced from the Auckland studios even though ZM was no longer solely broadcast in Auckland.

1990s - Privatisation and expansion[edit]

  • 50 Minute Music Hours were introduced outside of breakfast programming and other specialty shows. During a 50 Minute Music Hour the station played at least 50 Minutes of music during the hour. The 50 Minute Music hour was heard on all current and future stations.
  • A new ZM station was established in Northland in 1995 as 93ZM this station was a completely local station at this point.
  • The very first networked ZM station was established in Dunedin in 1996 as 96ZM, this station was networked from 91ZM studios in Christchurch using an automated computer system allowing announcers in Christchurch to produce localisd voice breaks for Dunedin recorded minutes earlier. On air announcers called the station Dunedin's 96ZM but during shows with a high amount of talk such as breakfast one voice break was produced for both Dunedin and Christchurch where the station was simply called ZM.
  • In 1996 Radio New Zealand sold their commercial operation and as a result ZM along with Classic Hits and Newstalk ZB became part of the The Radio Network.
  • Following the sale, The Radio Network began expanding ZM across New Zealand to other markets. Following the purchase of the assets of Prospect Media, which included Radio Hauraki and Easy Listening i The Radio Network started a new ZM station in Auckland and the Waikato. The Auckland station was a local station but the Waikato station was networked from Auckland. The Waikato signal was strong enough for Bay of Plenty listeners to receive the station clearly.
  • Local programming was dropped on 93ZM Northland excluding the breakfast show with all other programming becoming networked from Auckland.
  • Programming was extended to Southland networked from Christchurch and Palmerston North networked from Wellington.
  • The Northland breakfast team were moved to Hamilton in 1998 with programming networked back to Northland, at other times both stations carried 91ZM Auckland programming.
  • Nationwide networked programming was introduced in 1997 first with the ZM Essential 30 Countdown on Saturday afternoons. Shortly after the ZM Club Mix was introduced on Saturday nights.
  • A nationwide night show was introduced on weeknights in 1998, 91ZM Christchurch announcer Willy Macalister was moved to Auckland to present this show.

2000s - Network programming[edit]

  • By 2000 ZM was broadcasting in Invercargill and Dunedin networked from Christchurch, Palmerston North networked from Wellington and had established a northern network with Hawkes Bay, Rotorua, Taranaki, Waikato and Northland all receiving networked programming from Auckland. The Waikato programme could also be heard in the Bay of Plenty.
  • In 2000 ZM changed to a single network format, all ZM stations in smaller regions became part of this network based from Auckland the only regions not originally affected were Christchurch and Wellington where these stations remained local except during the evenings and overnight where ZM ran a nationwide night show. Voice breaks that were previously prerecorded for each region and targeted towards the local audience were replaced with live voice breaks tailored to a nationwide audience. At first, these changes were not popular and many listeners chose to listen to alternative stations.
  • In 2001 more changes were made and this time saw Christchurch and Wellington integrated into the network. The Christchurch studio was closed all together with some announcers being moved to Auckland to produce a nationwide show for all of New Zealand. Wellington ZM remained local but the local breakfast show went nationwide broadcast from Wellington, at first some breakfast show content in Wellington varied to the rest of the country but by 2002 the ZM Morning Crew was a single show.
  • In 2002 the 50 Minute Music Hour was replaced with Ten Songs in a Row. The change of format saw ZM play 10 Songs in a Row with no advertisements in between, short voice breaks still took place during this time. The sixth song was a High School Hit and the tenth song was a New Release. The High School Hit (which was introduced in 2002) was an older track not usually heard on ZM initially this was a track from the early nineties and sometimes even the eighties. More recently a High School Hit is usually from the late nineties or early 2000s. Ten in a Row on Shuffle was introduced in 2005, this show was normally run weekdays at midday and repeated at 1 am, for the hour every second track was an older track not normally heard on ZM.
  • In 2003 the amount of local content on ZM in Wellington was reduced after Drive-Time announcer Julian Burn left, and he was not replaced but instead the nationwide Drive-Time show, then hosted by Iain Stables, was networked into Wellington. ZM Wellington remained live and local across much of the weekend (6 am–2 pm Saturday and 6 am–6 pm Sunday) up until early 2005, when the national programmes took over most local weekend shows except the 10 am–2 pm Saturday slot. This slot and the 10 am–3 pm weekday show, both hosted by Simon O'Neil, were the only local shows on ZM Wellington from 2005.
  • In 2005 the ZM Christchurch studio was reopened and ZM was local in Christchurch during the Daytime (10 am–3 pm), as well as between 10 am–2 pm on Saturdays. The Daytime 10 am–3 pm announcer in Auckland produces two separate shows simultaneously, one exclusively for Auckland and another for the rest of the ZM Network, a technique used by various other Auckland radio stations including Classic Hits FM, Easy Mix and The Breeze.
  • At the end of 2008 Wellington dropped its local daytime and Saturday brunch show and now takes the network versions of these shows, and exactly the same changes affected ZM Christchurch during the middle of 2009. This saw the Christchurch studio facing closure, however the Wellington studio remained until 2014 as it housed the nationwide ZM Morning Crew then presented by Polly and Grant.
  • In August 2009, the decision was made to drop the voiced overnight programme, which had often been prerecorded on the day or evening beforehand. Now, no DJ occupies the midnight–6 am slot, which instead features continuous music and advertisements.

2010s[edit]

  • Since February 2010, between 5 am and 6 am, highlights of the ZM Morning Crew show have been played from the previous day, on Mondays this is highlights from the previous Fridays show.
  • In December 2010, the station launched a new online stream of ZM, where in a New Zealand radio first, the stream became the 20th ZM station to connect to the network in the same way regional markets do. The change meant ZM Online now had its own imaging & commercials. Local ads, weather and traffic have been removed from the online station, as they will be available on the new ZM iPhone App for all markets. Previously visitors to the ZM Online website could choose to hear either the Auckland, Wellington or Christchurch stream with local advertising for the chosen market, this allowed visitors to hear the local shows in Wellington and Christchurch when these regions had local programming.
  • In December 2010 the Ten Songs in a Row format was replaced with the Ad Free 50. The change sees ZM play 50 Minutes of continuous music before any advertising is played. This change also means the weather is often not heard at the Top of the Hour as it would be expected for most radio stations.
  • ZM launched its own iPhone App in 2011. The app displays all of the ZM website content, and also streams the station live. An android app was later launched.
  • In line with all TRN stations ZM became available on iheartradio after its New Zealand launch in August 2013.
  • In April 2014 it was announced that long standing breakfast hosts Polly Gillespie & Grant Kereama (Over 20 Years in Wellington Market & 13 Years Nationally) were stepping aside from the station in order to continue their show on the new Radio Network station The Hits. Their last show on the station was on the 24th April. Their replacements were immediately announced as the high profile signings of Carl Fletcher, Vaughan Smith & Megan Sellers who defected from rival station The Edge.
  • In April 2014 Carl Fletcher, Vaughan Smith & Megan Sellers commenced their new breakfast show across the ZM network named The Fletch, Vaughan & Megan Show.
  • The show shuffle also saw the Ad-Free 50s being dropped.
  • Juice TV: ZM20 with Chris Mac, Guy and Georgia, Scoop with PJ/Cam and the best bits from the rest, 4-6pm weekdays, this kicked off in June 2014

ZM Network Lineup[edit]

The station line up is:

Breakfast Monday - Friday 6–10 am Fletch, Vaughan and Megan (Carl "Fletch" Fletcher, Vaughan Smith and Megan Sellers) with producers James Marbeck and Caitlin Marett. Newsfeed every 30 minutes with Reagan White. Time Saver traffic Every 15 mintues for Auckland, Hamilton, Tauranga, Wellington, Christchurch and Dunedin.
Daytime Monday - Friday 10am–3 pm Amante Falkenstein
Drive Monday - Friday 3–7 pm Jase and PJ with producer Alex Perigo
Nights Monday - Friday 7pm–12 am Guy and Georgia. Sealed Section 9.30pm on Monday, Ministry of Sound Sessions with General Lee from 10pm - 2am on Friday Nights.
Saturday Breakfast Saturdays 6–10 am 6-8am: Hamish & Andy (Prerecorded show from Southern Cross Austereo) 8-10am: Fletch, Vaughan and Megan Omnibus (Best Of)
Saturday Daytime Saturdays 10 am – 2 pm Amante
Saturday Afternoon Saturdays 2–5pm The People's Choice Countdown hosted by Chris Mac & PJ
Saturday Nights Saturdays 5–10 pm, 10 pm – 2am Saturday Nights commercial free from 7 pm, Jupiter Project 'With You' from 8pm then Ministry of Sound Sessions with Mikael Wills from 10 pm – 2 am
Sunday Breakfast Sundays 6–10 am The Best of Jay and Flynny
Sunday Daytime Sundays 10 am – 3 pm Guy/Reagan/Georgia
Sunday Afternoons Sundays 3–7 pm Guy/Reagan/Georgia
Sunday Nights Sundays 7–10 pm Replay of People's Choice Countdown

Overnight (between 12–5 am weekdays 12–6 am weekends) the station is automated.

ZM Stations[edit]

ZM Network[edit]

The Nationwide ZM Network as it is today was established in 2000 and is based from The Radio Network headquarters in Auckland. The 91ZM Auckland station is the hub of the ZM network with all programming originating from these studios.

Past and Present Announcers[edit]

  • Breakfast 6 am– 10am
    • 2000–2001: Marcus Lush
    • 2000–2001: Natalie Crook (show producer)
    • 2001–2014: Polly and Grant (from Wellington)
    • 2014–present: Fletch, Vaughan and Megan
  • Daytime 10 am–3 pm
    • 2000–2002: Nicki Sunderland and Lana Coc-kroft
    • 2003: Jason Royal
    • 2003–2005: Aroha Hathaway
    • 2005–2009: Sarah Gandy
    • 2009–2012: Mark Dye
    • 2012–2014: Sarah Gandy
    • 2014: Reagan White
    • 2014: PJ Harding
    • From 2015: Amante
  • Drive 3 pm–7 pm
    • 2000: Mike McClung
    • 2000: Tim Homer
    • 2001–2002: Jason Royal
    • 2003–2008: Iain Stables
    • 2003-2014: Paul Flynn (Flynny) - Show cohost
    • 2008: Stu Tolan
    • 2008–2009: Mark Dye
    • 2008–2009: Steve Wrigley
    • 2009-2014: Jay Reeve
    • 2012-2013: Jacqui Jenson
    • 2014: Zoe Marshall
    • From 2015: Jase Hawkings [2]
    • From 2015: Polly Harding (PJ)
  • Night Show 7 pm–midnight
    • 1998-1999: Willy Macalister
    • 1999–2002: Geoff Stagg
    • 2003–2006: Stu Tolan
    • 2003–2007: Jacqui Jenson
    • 2007–2008: Mark Dye
    • 2008–2011: Matt Ward
    • 2011–2014: Polly Harding (PJ)
    • 2011–2014: Luke Taplin
    • 2014-Present: Guy and Georgia
  • Saturday Morning 7 am–10 am
    • 2001–2005: The Best of the ZM Morning Crew
    • 2006: Reeves and Mul Saturday breakfast with Jason Reeves and Andrew Mulligan
    • 2007–2008: Stu and Flynny
    • 2009–2014: Hamish and Andy (8 am–10 am)
    • 2014-present: Hamish and Andy 6am-8am then Fletch, Vaughan and Megan Omnibus
  • Saturday Afternoon
    • 1998–1999: The ZM Essential 30 with Willy Macalister
    • 2000–2002: Hot 30 Weekend edition with Geoff Stagg
    • 2003: Stables Fat 30
    • 2003–2008: Stables Rump 30 Countdown with Iain Stables
    • 2008: The Rump 30 with S&M (Sarah Gandy and Mark Dye)
    • 2009-2014: NZ30 Countdown
    • 2014–present: People's Choice Countdown with Chris Mac & PJ
  • Saturday Evenings
    • 1997–2003: ZM Club Mix with DJ Sample G (Grant Kearney)
    • 2006–2008: General Lee on the Decks
    • 2008–2014: ZM House Party then Ministry of Sound Radio Sessions with DJ General Lee
    • 2014-present: Commercial Free from 7pm, Jupiter Project "With You" from 8pm then Ministry of Sound with DJ Mikael Wills 10pm

94-8 ZM Whangarei (Originally 93ZM)[edit]

93ZM started around 1995 as a totally local station broadcasting on 93.1 MHz. 93ZM became a network station after ZM made a return to Auckland with local voice breaks prerecorded in Auckland minutes earlier, however the breakfast show on 93ZM was networked from 89.8ZM in Hamilton between 1998 and 1999. In 2005 93ZM moved from 93.1 to 93.2 MHz and in 2006 93ZM traded places on the Northland radio dial with Radio Hauraki 93ZM shifted to 95.1 MHz and Hauraki took over ZM's vacated 93.2 MHz frequency. In 2010 ZM in Whangarei moved to 94.8 MHz as part of the government move to re-align radio frequencies around New Zealand.

Past Local Programming[edit]

  • Breakfast 6 am–10 am
    • 1995–1998: Jaala Dyer
    • 1995–1998: Sandy Antipas
    • 1997–1998: Dave Smart
  • Daytime 10 am–3 pm
    • 1995-1996: Mike Chapman
    • 1996-1997: Jason Winstanley
    • 1997: Andrew Szusterman
  • Drive 3 pm–7 pm
    • 1995-1996: Trudi McRae
    • 1996–1997: Dave Smart
  • Nights 7 pm–Midnight:
    • 1995–1997: Dallas Gurney

91 ZM Auckland[edit]

ZM made a return to the Auckland market in February 1997 as a local station broadcasting on 91.0 MHz. This move was made by The Radio Network after purchasing stations in Auckland and the Waikato owned by Prospect Media. TRN closed down Auckland station The Breeze on 91 and replaced this station with 91ZM. A similar move was made in the Waikato. Since then the Auckland studio has become the

Today 91ZM is the hub of the ZM network with all programming except the breakfast show originating from these studios. In recent years the 10am–3 pm the announcer produced a localised show for Auckland with local voice breaks and then separate voice breaks for the rest of New Zealand. As of 2013 all ZM stations contain the same content.

Past and Present Local Announcers[edit]

  • Breakfast 6 am– 9 am
  • Daytime 10 am– 3 pm
  • Drive 3 pm–7 pm
    • 1999–2000: Mike McClung and Tim Homer
  • Night Show 7 pm–midnight
    • 1997–1998: Melanie Homer

89-8 ZM Waikato[edit]

ZM began broadcasting in the Waikato region around 1997 when The Radio Network acquired the 89.8 MHz frequency that had been previously been used by local station 898FM or Kiwi FM (no connection to the Kiwi FM stations in operation today) and later The Breeze 89.8FM. 89.8ZM Waikato was networked from Auckland using an automated computer system to provide a local programme recorded from Auckland minutes earlier. Waikato had its own local breakfast show between 1998 and 1999 but this ceased before 2000 and the Auckland breakfast show took the shows place. Originally 89.8ZM broadcast from Mount Te Aroha with coverage reaching all of the Waikato and the Bay of Plenty, in the early 2000s this was changed to broadcasting from two separate transmitters, Ruru east of Hamilton and Kopukairua in Tauranga, allowing the Bay of Plenty listeners to hear local advertising and local information such as weather separate from the Waikato listeners but both stations remained on 89.8 MHz.

Past local programming[edit]

All other programming has always been networked from Auckland

89-4 ZM Bay of Plenty[edit]

Established in the early 2000s ZM Bay of Plenty launched after the Waikato Station changed its Transmission site from Te Aroha in order to have a Separate Bay Of Plenty station as the Waikato stations signal could be well received in the Bay but had no local identification or local commercials. The original 89.8 frequency of both stations remained but were now separate stations with local weather and commercials. In 2010 the stations frequency was changed from 89.8 FM to 89.4 FM.

98-3 ZM Rotorua (Originally 98ZM)[edit]

ZM began broadcasting in Rotorua around 1998 on 98.3 MHz. This frequency had previously been used by a local rock station called Classic Rock 98.3FM. It was believed that programming on this station was originally local but later replaced with Auckland based programming.

90.4 ZM Taupo[edit]

Launching in December 2013 ZM Taupo is the newest station of the Network, replacing Radio Sport in Taupo which moved to 107.7FM. The station has not produced any local programming since it was established.

107 ZM Gisborne (Originally 99.7 ZM)[edit]

ZM began broadcasting in Gisborne in 2002 and was operated under a franchise agreement between The Radio Network and local operator Gisborne Media Centre which at the time operated local stations 89FM and Gisborne City 96FM. Gisborne Media Centre was sold to RadioWorks (which ironically is the largest opposition to The Radio Network) and ZM continued to broadcast under the existing franchise agreement under 2006 when the agreement expired. At this time RadioWorks immediately took ZM off the air and put their competing station The Edge on this frequency. In order to keep ZM on the air in Gisborne The Radio Network relaunched the station on two low powered FM guard band frequencies (107.4 MHz and 107.7 MHz) due to no other frequencies being available in the region.

95-9 ZM Hawkes Bay (Originally 96ZM)[edit]

ZM started in 1999 in the Hawke's Bay region on the frequency previously used by Greatest Hits FM96, Better Music 96FM, Classic Rock 96FM and later Radio Hauraki. The origins of this frequency date back to 1989 when a former local station 77ZK, converted to FM. 77ZK originally broadcast on 765 kHz and began life in 1977 as Apple Radio. 77ZK, FM96 and later Classic Rock 96FM all broadcast from studios in Hastings until the mid-1990s when operations were moved to Radio New Zealand's site in Napier. Classic Rock 96FM was rebranded as Radio Hauraki in July 1998, but after less than a year on air, Hauraki was replaced with 96ZM in March 1999. Radio Hauraki was eventually relaunched three months later on 99.9. 95.9ZM Hawkes Bay has always been based from Auckland, and until Dec 2010 had a relay station on 99.7 MHz in Wairoa which had been on air since 1989. On 1 Jan 2011, this transmitter switched to the Hawke's Bay Classic Hits FM programme.

98-8 ZM Taranaki[edit]

ZM came to Taranaki in the late nineties broadcasting on 98.8 MHz and originally like other ZM stations all local content was recorded minutes earlier from the Wellington studio until 2000 when ZM switched to a single network with all content coming from Auckland.

96-8 ZM Wanganui[edit]

The ZM Network began broadcasting in Wanganui during the middle of 2004.

90-6 ZM Manawatu (Originally 91ZM)[edit]

ZM originally commenced transmission to Manawatu on 9 March 1987 on 90.6 MHz. The program was a relay of the Wellington ZMFM station with local commercial breaks and station identification. ZMFM Manawatu also ran its own breakfast show – "Jackson and The Morning Crew" featuring Pete Jackson. In 1989, 90.6 ZMFM re-branded as 2 Double Q, subsequently dropping the relay of ZMFM Wellington and beginning a seven-year absence of the ZM name in Manawatu. The ZM brand did not return to the Manawatu market until 1997 when Classic Rock Q91FM (formerly 2 Double Q) reverted to ZM (as 91ZM). The new ZM programme created in 1997 used a computerised automation system to provide a local programme recorded minutes before from the Wellington studio, this system remained in place until 2000 when ZM switched to a single network.

94-3 ZM Wairarapa[edit]

The ZM Network began broadcasting in the Wairarapa region in 2010. The station has not produced any local programming since it was established.

91-1 ZM Kapiti[edit]

ZM began broadcasting on its own frequency in the Kapiti region in 2004. The current 'Top of the Hour Station id' actually mentions the Wellington 90.9 frequency despite at one time the two stations running different programmes during the day and different commercials on both stations. Kapiti today still has different commercials to the Wellington station. The strong signal of Wellington's 90.9 ZM can be picked up in southern parts of the Kapiti Coast.

90-9 ZM Wellington (Originally 2ZM then ZMFM)[edit]

ZM was first started in 1969 after 2YD changed callsign to 2ZM. The first breakfast DJ (6 am to 9 am) was Stewart Macpherson, who had just returned from broadcasting in the UK with both the BBC and Radio Luxembourg. Using the show title 'Macphersonland', his innovations included introducing News Bulletins onto the station (despite management opposition), and a weekly published Top 40 chart available at leading music stores. The history of the original station 2YD dates back to 1937 and all this time both 2YD and 2ZM broadcast on 1130 kHz from Broadcasting House on Bowen Street in Wellington. In 1978 2ZM moved to 1161 kHz after the AM band spacing in New Zealand was adjusted from 10 kHz to 9 kHz.

Wellington's 2ZM was the first ZM station to broadcast on FM from 21 December 1985 as ZMFM 91 (90.9). As the Mount Kaukau transmitter couldn't cover parts of the Hutt Valley effectively, the station continued to broadcast on AM until 1986, when a second transmitter at Towai (on the Wainuiomata Hill between Seaview and Wainuiomata) was commissioned broadcasting on 93.5 to cover the Hutt Valley. Its AM frequency (1161 kHz) was reallocated to Maori station Te Upoko o Te Ika. During the late eighties ZMFM relocated its studio from Broadcasting House to Alder House (on the corner of Vivian and Victoria streets in Wellington).

In 1994 ZMFM Wellington became known as 91ZM sharing the same name that had been used in Christchurch, and the studios were relocated their current location on the corner of Taranaki and Abel Smith streets in Wellington. In March 2007, ZM altered its Hutt Valley frequency from 93.5 to 90.9, to form a synchronous transmission with the signal from Mt Kaukau, also on 90.9. This meant that commuters no longer had to switch their radio dials between the two frequencies when driving between Wellington and the Hutt Valley. In June 2008, Easy Mix was networked on ZM's old 93.5 frequency.

In March 2012 ZM in Wellington celebrated 40 years on the air since the station was first. Despite 1973 being the year ZM was started in Auckland and Christchurch, ZM was started in 1972 in Wellington as 2ZM making 2012 40 years.

Past and Present Local Announcers[edit]

During the 1980s announcers Pauline Gillespie, Grant Kereama and Nick Tansley all joined ZMFM Wellington, all three announcers were teamed up in the late eighties to present the breakfast show. This show was very successful and has been a number 1 rating show in Wellington since the nineties. In 2001 the Wellington breakfast show became the new nationwide breakfast, originally Wellington ran their own local news breaks on the half hour while the rest of the country used the Auckland based ZM Newsbeat Service. For the first year the ZM Morning Crew show ran from 6 am to 10 am in Wellington but finished an hour earlier in the rest of New Zealand this was so Polly, Nick and Grant could present the final hour of their show to a Wellington only audience. Outside breakfast programming remained local but between 2003 and 2009 local content was reduced to a point where from 2009 the breakfast show was the only show to come out of Wellington. Wellington did run their own local news service until 2006 when this was replaced with the networked Newsbeat. In April 2014 Polly and Grant moved to The Hits (formally known as Classic Hits) and ZM launched their new breakfast show produced by Fletch, Vaughan and Megan. Today Polly and Grant present their nationwide breakfast show on The Hits from Wellington and the ZM Wellington studios are no longer used.

  • Breakfast 6 am–10 am:
    • 1969-1972 – Stewart Macpherson (show ran 6 am–9 am)
    • 1982–1984: JR (James Ring) & Anne Marie (St Ledger-Higgens)
    • 1985–1987: Mark MacLeod, Sue Bergin
    • late 1980s-2003: Nick Tansley - Breakfast co-host on Polly and Grants show
    • late 1980s–2014: Pauline Gillespie (Polly), and Grant Kereama
    • 2004-2014: Mark Peard (show producer)
  • Daytime 10 am–3 pm:
    • 1996–1999: Justin Rae
    • 1999–2003: Aroha Hathaway
    • 2003–2008: Simon O'neil
  • Drive 3 pm–7 pm:
    • 1992–1995: Sandy Antipas
    • 1998–2003: Julian Burn
  • Nights 7 pm–midnight:
    • 1996–1998: Dallas Gurney

96-8 ZM Nelson (Originally The Planet then 97ZM)[edit]

ZM came to Nelson in 2004 replacing a local station owned by The Radio Network The Planet 97FM. Originally The Planet was an independently owned station playing Hot AC music. In 2002 The Radio Network took over The Planet FM and changed the format to match that of ZM and even took on the ZM slogan Today's Hit Music and used similar jingles to ZM. In April 2004 The Planet 97FM became 97ZM with all content coming from the ZM network and The Planet was phased out altogether

90-5 ZM Marlborough[edit]

The ZM Network began broadcasting in the Marlborough region in January 2007. The station has not produced any local programming since it was established.

91-3 ZM Christchurch (Previously 91ZM)[edit]

ZM launched in Christchurch in 1973 on 1400 kHz as 3ZM. In a bid to compete against local Christchurch station Radio Avon 3ZM was rebranded as Radio Nova (coincidentally 'Avon' spelt backwards) playing an Easy Listening format similar to that of Radio i in Auckland. Listener interest was strong at first but later ratings dropped and the station was reverted to 3ZM playing the same music format as that of 1ZM and 2ZM.[3] 3ZM later moved to 1323 kHz in 1978 after the AM band in New Zealand was changed from 10 kHz spacing to 9 kHz spacing.

3ZM switched to FM in 1986 broadcasting on 91.3 MHz and ceased broadcasting on AM several months later. The 1323 kHz frequency was used for Maori broadcasting by Aotearoa Radio in the early 1990s, then by Radio Liberty in the mid-1990s. It is no longer in use by any station in the region. Originally when ZM in Christchurch was switching to FM they believed they would be broadcasting on 92.9 MHz and printed stickers with this frequency on it. They missed out on this frequency and broadcast on 91.3 MHz instead with 92.9 MHz being allocated to C93FM. The switch to FM saw the station branded as ZMFM using the same logo as ZMFM Wellington but in 1989 the name was changed to 91 Stereo ZM followed by 91ZM, Wellington kept the ZMFM name until 1994. Since the main Sugarloaf transmitter in the Port Hills couldn't serve the Sumner area, a second transmitter and frequency for 91ZM Christchurch was established there on 89.2 MHz; in 2009 this was adjusted to 90.9 MHz. Today the station is referred to as Canterbury's 91-3ZM.

Past Announcers[edit]

ZM in Christchurch was originally a fully local station. The programme was also networked from Christchurch to Dunedin and Southland between 1996 and 2000. James Daniels and Ken Ellis were the breakfast hosts for much of the late eighties and until 1992 when both announcers were offered a large sum of money to work on new rival station 92 More FM. James and Ken's replacement was Simon Barnett and Phil Gifford this show also rated very well but after James and Ken left More FM both Si and Phil were offered a large sum of money to present the breakfast show on More FM. Simon Barnett remains with 92 More FM today. Si and Phils replacement was Rik Van Dijk, Katrina Smith and Chuckie Shearer. Unfortunately this show did not rate well enough for the management at ZM to justify keeping on the air when in 2001 a decision was made to close down the Christchurch studios and replace all local programming with networked shows. Local programming was reintroduced in 2005 but was limited to a local daytime show between 10 am and 3 pm and the show was dropped again in 2009.

  • Breakfast 6 am–10 am:
  • Daytime 10 am–3 pm:
    • 1990s–1998: Val Robinson
    • 1998–2001: Breffni O'Rourke
    • 2001–2005: <Nationwide ZM Network>
    • 2005–2009: Bridget Howard (10 am–3 pm)
  • Drive 3 pm–7 pm:
    • 1997–1998: Jason Royal
    • 1998: Dallas Gurney
    • 1999–2000: Jason Royal

96-3 ZM South Canterbury[edit]

The ZM Network began broadcasting in Timaru and South Canterbury in September 2004.

95-8 ZM Dunedin (Originally 96ZM)[edit]

96ZM Dunedin was the very first networked ZM station, the station began broadcasting on 95.8 MHz in June 1996 with a local programme being produced for the Dunedin region by an announcer in the Christchurch studio. This was later done with the Invercargill station resulting in three out of sync stations with the same announcer. With the high amount of talk on the breakfast show breakfast was kept to a single show mostly tailored to the Christchurch audience.

88.8 ZM Queenstown[edit]

Launching in May 2014 ZM Queenstown is the newest station of the Network

95-6 ZM Invercargill (Originally 96ZM)[edit]

96ZM Invercargill was launched in the region in 1997 broadcasting on 95.6 MHz with all its local programming being prerecorded from the Christchurch station in the same way to the Dunedin station. With the high amount of talk on the breakfast show breakfast was kept to a single show mostly tailored to the Christchurch audience.

ZMonline[edit]

In early December 2010, ZM relaunched its online stream as a new station, rather than relaying an existing station as it had done previously. It became the 20th ZM station to connect to the network in the same way regional markets do. This gave ZMonline its own imaging & commercial options.

Local ads, weather and traffic are removed from the online station (as these are available on demand for every market inside the ZM iPhone and android apps). At the moment through every second commercial break the station plays a song.

ZM have hinted that in the future they may have podcasts or unique content within the commercial breaks on the online stream.

ZM News Service[edit]

Like most radio stations in New Zealand ZM originally featured news on the hour every hour originally news was provided by the Radio New Zealand News Service, following the sale of the Radio New Zealand commercial service this became The Radio Network News Service. In 1997 ZM stations began reducing news breaks to only play on the breakfast show, this was at time when some radio stations began increasing the amount of music played in an hour and reducing talk. In 2000 ZM started their own news service called ZM Newsbeat.

The Newsbeat service has a beat in the background followed by a local weather forecast prerecorded from the Auckland studio for each individual region. The bulletins are sourced from the Newstalk ZB newsroom, and air half-hourly between 6 am-9 am weekdays with updates approximately every one hour and thirty minutes between breakfast and drive, and then hourly 4 pm-6 pm weekdays with PJ Harding, and hourly 7 am-noon during the weekend and public holidays with 30 minute weather updates between 7-10am with various announcers. An exclusive Wellington edition of ZM Newsbeat was aired during the Morning Crew's show up until early 2006, when it was dropped for the national edition. In April 2014 Newsbeat was renamed to Newsfeed coinciding with the re-launch of ZM, at the same time the Newsfeed service was introduced on The Hits with the former ZM news readers moved over to The Hits.

Traffic reports are read out on air from The Radio Network Auckland studios for larger regions in New Zealand, voiced by Craig Yarrall, for Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, Hamilton, Tauranga and Dunedin. Other stations play advertisements during these times. Wellington originally ran their own local traffic reports until 2006.

Weather is read out on weekdays following news bulletons, and airs on the hour between 7 am-6 pm during weekends. Individual weather reports are pre-recorded for each region and updated with each show. When the Morning Crew were based in Wellington, they read out the Wellington weather live during the breakfast show, while the pre-recorded reports by the newsreader air over the rest of the network.

ZM in the New Zealand Radio Awards[edit]

ZM and ZM announcers have won the following awards in recent years:

2012[edit]

[4]

  • Best Client Promotion: ZM's Hot Chicks – Anna Skinner & Christian Boston – ZM Network
  • Best Promotional Trailer: Top 100 Of 2011 – Kieran Bell – ZM Network

2009[edit]

[5]

  • Best Client Promotion: 24/7 with The Phoenix XI – Anna Skinner & Casey Sullivan – ZM Wellington
  • Best Promotional Trailer: The Timbaland Trip – Chris Nicoll – ZM Network
  • Programmer of the Year: Christian Boston – ZM Network
  • Station Imaging: ZM Network Imaging – Chris Nicoll – ZM Network

2008[edit]

[6]

  • Best Client Promotion: 0800 New Cops – Leanne Hutchinson and Cam Bisley, ZM Network
  • Best Promotional Trailer Live Rent Free - Chris Nicoll, ZM Network
  • Programmer of the Year: Christian Boston - ZM Network
  • Associated Craft Award: Sarah Catran - ZM and Flava Sales
  • Station of the Year - Metropolitan: ZM Auckland (accepted by Programme Director Christian Boston)

2007[edit]

[7]

  • Best Music Breakfast Host or Hosts (Metropolitan): The ZM Morning Crew
  • Best Non-Breakfast Host or Hosts (Metropolitan): Stables, ZM Network
  • Best Promotion of a Radio Station (Networks): Live Rent Free – Christian Boston & Kate McGowan, ZM Network
  • Best Client Promotion: Telecom 3 Minute Hour – Leanne Hutchinson, ZM Network
  • Best Promotional Or Image Trailer for a Radio Station: Carrot Fest – Chris Nicoll, ZM
  • Also Special Commendation goes to ZM Programme Director, Christian Boston in the category of Programmer of the Year.

2006[edit]

[8]

  • Best New Broadcaster: Sarah Gandy, 91ZM Auckland and ZM Network
  • Best Promotional Or Image Trailer for a Radio Station: One Hit Wonder-U2 - Chris Nicoll, ZM Network
  • Station Imaging: ZM Network Imaging - Chris Nicoll, ZM
  • Commercial or Trailers: One Hit Wonder, U2 - Chris Nicoll, ZM

2005[edit]

[9]

  • Special Commendation went to announcer Sarah Gandy for the ZM Sealed Section in the category Best Daily Or Weekly Series

Slogans[edit]

ZM has used the following slogans in the past:

c1985–c1988:

  • Hit Radio ZMFM (Wellington, Christchurch and Manawatu)

c1988–c1988:

  • More Music ZMFM (Manawatu only)

c1988–c1990:

  • The Music Leader ZMFM (Wellington and Manawatu only)

c1988–c1990:

  • 91 Stereo ZM (Christchurch only)

1991–1994:

  • Rock of the Nineties ZMFM (Wellington only)

1991–1994:

  • Rock of the Nineties 91ZM (Christchurch only)

1994–1997:

  • Just Great Music of the 80's and 90's

1997–2014:

  • Today's Hit Music

2014-present:

  • Fletch, Vaughan and Megan & Hot Tunes

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ http://dannews.co.nz/2014/12/08/new-zm-drive-show-hosts-announced/
  3. ^ New Zealand Radio Dial 1978 Commentary
  4. ^ "NZ Radio Awards". The RBA. Retrieved 2013-02-26. 
  5. ^ "NZ Radio Awards". The RBA. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  6. ^ "NZ Radio Awards". The RBA. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  7. ^ "2007 Radio Award Finalist". RadioStationWorld - New Zealand. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  8. ^ "2006 Radio Award Finalist". RadioStationWorld - New Zealand. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  9. ^ "2005 Radio Award Finalist". RadioStationWorld - New Zealand. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 

External links[edit]