Z Music Television
|Z Music Television|
|Launched||March 1, 1993|
|Owned by||Gaylord Entertainment Company (1994+)|
|Slogan||The Positive Alternative and "Positively Radical"|
|Headquarters||Lake Helen, FL (–1994)
Nashville, TN (1994+)
Z Music Television was a Christian-oriented cable television channel with a music video format similar to that of MTV, and, in its earliest days, direct marketing appeals similar to The Home Shopping Network. Their programming, largely music videos with some documentaries, interstitial "Z Buzz" news updates, and media related shows, was characterized as being aimed at "12-to 54-year olds." Unlike style oriented channels such as Country Music Television, they were not limited to a particular musical genre; they played the full spectrum of Contemporary Christian music from reggae to country music. Seven years after debuting as the first 24-hour channel to feature such music exclusively, Z Music Television closed in 2000.
Founded in 1991 by David McQuade, Z's offices were based in Lake Helen, Florida. Z Music Television first aired in March 1993, by which time the channel was helmed by former HSN consultant Kenneth Yates, who sought to make the channel more profitable by introducing "sales jockey" segments marketing Christian music CDs and cassettes, bibles, and other lifestyle products, directly to viewers. The network was acquired by Gaylord Entertainment Company in 1994, which moved network operations to the Opryland complex in Nashville, TN,. Estimates of audience potential vary widely, but in 1996 the channel was available to between 20 and 35 million homes. The network was not part of the 1996 sale of sister GEC networks TNN and CMT to CBS's cable division. In 2000 Gaylord announced the cessation of the operations of Z Music, and shifted their efforts toward the internet.
Z Music sought to place itself in a market segment that would be visible, even inviting, to non Christians while maintaining a direct appeal to Christians. For instance in advertising the network would downplay the word "Christianity;" sometimes the word would not appear. Instead the channel would focus on the positive, uplifting, and "objection-free nature of Z Music programming." The channel extensively partnered with record labels, its first partnership was a 1995 campaign with Benson Records. Even while investing in videos, some record labels indicated that their airing had no measurable impact on an artist's performance. In response, starting about 1996, the company began tweaking the channel's format, introducing shows dealing with lifestyle, and including videos which could be classified as "positive mainstream." Potentially, according to Suzanne Holtermann (manager of marketing), this could mean playing music videos by groups such as Boyz II Men and other mainstream acts alongside Christian market bands such as dc Talk, though such broad mainstream diversity was never actually realized.
In the late 1990s two studys of Z Music's programming classified its music videos into three categories based upon their audible and visible religious characteristics. As defined by their author these are:
- Unequivocally Religious — 17% (Green) — "explicitly religious lyrics and visuals"
- Moderately Religious — 52% (Blue) — "While religious lyrics continue to be used, visual images are not explicitly Christian... If viewers were to turn down the sound while watching the clip it is unlikely that they would associate any religious qualities with it."
- Ambiguously Religious — 31% (Red) — "Here spiritual imagery is downplayed even further... blending visuals that are not explicitly Christian with lyrics that are open to interpretation with regard to religion."
The conclusion of the studies was that by showing a high number of videos with ambiguous spiritual content, the programming of Z Music Television was designed to make their Christian nature "apparent only to those willing to listen for it." It also stated that this finding conflicts with a traditional view that Christian performers should be ministers first, then entertainers.
- Katz, Michael (1996-03-18). "Networks Have Faith in Religious Programming". Broadcasting & Cable: 48. ISSN 1068-6827.
- Gascon, Ana (December 1991). "A Music Video Network That Needs To Be Zeen". CCM Magazine 14 (6): 12. ISSN 1524-7848.
- Bates, Patricia (1997-05-24). "Christian Retailers Take Stock During CMVR Meet". Billboard 109 (21): 57. ISSN 0006-2510.
- Calian, Carnegie Samuel (1995-10-02). "Redeeming the wasteland? Christian TV increasingly uses entertainment to spread its message.". Christianity Today 39 (11): 92–103. ISSN 0009-5753.
- Gow, Joe (Summer 1999). "Rockin', Rappin', and Religion: Programming Strategy on Z Music Television". Popular Music and Society (Bowling Green State University Popular Press) 23 (2): 17. ISSN 0300-7766.
- Bates, Patricia (1996-03-14). "'Triple-Play' contest promotes Z Music, Word Distribution titles". Billboard 108 (11): 78. ISSN 0006-2510.
- Price, Deborah Evans (1996-04-27). "Christian Vid Outlets on the Rise Labels Question Influence Of Growing Genre". Billboard 108 (17). ISSN 0006-2510.
- (unsigned) (June 2000). "Channel Changes on Z Music Television". CCM Magazine 22 (12): 24. ISSN 1524-7848.
- Stark, Phyllis (2000-05-20). "Gaylord Plans Global Country Cable Channel". Billboard 112 (21): 8–9. ISSN 0006-2510.
- Tobenkin, David (1996-09-02). "The All Music Channels". Broadcasting & Cable: 38–42. ISSN 1068-6827.
- Gow, Joe (Winter 1998). "Saving souls and selling CDs: the mainstreaming of Christian music videos". Journal of Popular Film and Television (The Journal, Bowling Green, Ohio.) 25 (4): 183. doi:10.1080/01956059809602765. ISSN 0195-6051.
- Price, Deborah Evans (1997-04-12). "Gaylord Buys Blanton/Harrell, Launches FVE". Billboard 109 (15): 6. ISSN 0006-2510.
- Price, Deborah Evans (1995-12-23). "From SoundScan to Christian Label Acquisitions, It Was A Notable Year". Billboard 107 (51): 55. ISSN 0006-2510.
- Parker, Mike (October 1999). "Gaylord Entertainment to Beef up Z Music Television". CCM Magazine 22 (4): 18. ISSN 1524-7848.