Zaachila

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For the modern town and municipality, see Villa de Zaachila.
Archaeological Zone of Zaachila
Tomb 1 of Zaachila of mixtec influence.
Zaachila symbol inside the tomb.

Zaachila (the Zapotec name; Nahuatl: Teotzapotlan; Mixtec: Ñuhu Tocuisi) was a powerful Mesoamerican city in what is now Oaxaca, Mexico, 6 km from the city of Oaxaca. The city is named after Zaachila Yoo, the Zapotec ruler, in the late 14th and early 15th century. It is now an archaeological site. A large unexplored pyramid mound is in the center in which two tombs were discovered in 1962.[1] These tombs are thought to belong to important Mixtec persons.[2]

Following the fall of Monte Alban, Zaachila became the last Zapotec capital. Sometime before the arrival of the Spaniards, the capital was conquered by the Mixtecs.[3] The history of the pre-Hispanic city is unclear. One theory is that the site flourished 1100 and 1521 AD. Another theory is that the city was founded in 1399 and could be compared to Tenochtitlan, as it was a city in the middle of a lake. The full extent of the ancient city is not known either, principally because excavation is impeded by the fact that most mounds have inhabited structures on them.[4]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Zaachila
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.1
(82.6)
29.7
(85.5)
31.3
(88.3)
32
(89.6)
32.3
(90.1)
29.8
(85.6)
29
(84.2)
29.1
(84.4)
28.7
(83.7)
27.7
(81.9)
27.5
(81.5)
27.3
(81.1)
29.38
(84.88)
Average low °C (°F) 7.1
(44.8)
9.6
(49.3)
10.7
(51.3)
12.7
(54.9)
13.7
(56.7)
14.5
(58.1)
14.4
(57.9)
14
(57)
14.3
(57.7)
13.1
(55.6)
10
(50)
7.6
(45.7)
11.81
(53.25)
Precipitation cm (inches) 0
(0)
0.5
(0.2)
1.8
(0.7)
4.3
(1.7)
9.4
(3.7)
13.7
(5.4)
10.9
(4.3)
10
(4)
13
(5)
4.1
(1.6)
1
(0.4)
0.3
(0.1)
69
(27.1)
Source: Weatherbase [5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Zaachila: 14th century Oaxacan city has many unexplored gems1". Oaxaca Travel Guide. Retrieved 2007-08-10. 
  2. ^ Quintanar Hinojosa, Beatriz (August 2007). "Joyas ocultas de los valles centrales". Guía México Desconocido: Oaxaca 137: 88. 
  3. ^ "Zaachila Archeological Ruins". Retrieved 2010-11-07. 
  4. ^ "Oaxacaoaxaca.com:Zaachila". Retrieved 2008-02-26. 
  5. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Zaachila, Oaxaca". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 16°57′0″N 96°45′0″W / 16.95000°N 96.75000°W / 16.95000; -96.75000