Zaandam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Dutch town. For the cruise ship, see MS Zaandam.
Zaandam
Monet Claude A Windmill at Zaandam.jpg
A windmill near Zaandam painted in 1871 by Claude Monet.
Location of Zaandam
Country Netherlands
Province Noord-Holland
Municipality Zaanstad
Population 72.597

Zaandam (Dutch pronunciation: [zaːndɑm]) is a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. It is the main city of the municipality of Zaanstad, and received city rights in 1811. It is located on the Zaan, close to the North Sea Canal, and is close to Amsterdam.

The statistical district Zaandam, which covers the city and the surrounding countryside, has a population of around 72.597.[1]

Zaandam was a separate municipality until 1974, when it became a part of the new municipality of Zaanstad.[2]

History[edit]

Zaandam, c. 1889. Etching by James McNeill Whistler.

Zaandam (formerly called Saenredam) and the surrounding Zaan River region, called the Zaanstreek, have a history that is intimately connected with industry.

In the Golden Age, Zaandam served as a large milling center. Thousands of windmills powered saws that were processing Scandinavian wood for the shipbuilding and paper industries. A statue was commissioned from the Yugoslav sculptor Slavomir Miletić in honor of this era, and the statue, “The Woodworker” (“De Houtwerker”), was installed on 20 June 2004.

Zaandam was a leading city in the first Industrial Revolution. Into the second half of the 20th century, Zaandam was still an important lumber port.

Zaandam is also historically linked with the whaling industry.

In 1697 the czar Peter I of Russia spent some time in Zaandam, studying shipbuilding. The house where he stayed is preserved as a museum, the Czar Peter House.

In 1871 the impressionist painter Claude Monet lived for half a year in Zaandam and made 25 paintings of the area, including Bateaux en Hollande pres de Zaandam and A windmill at Zaandam.

The first European McDonald's restaurant opened in 1971 in Zaandam.[3] The Albert Heijn supermarket chain is also headquartered in Zaandam, but did not originate there (it was founded in nearby Oostzaan in 1887).

Also the Dutch soccer club AZ (Alkmaar Zaanstreek-combinatie) was founded in Zaandam. May the 10th, 1967.

Gallery[edit]

Albert Heijn headquarters in Zaandam, the Netherlands.
Photo: Niels Kim
The river Zaan

Notable people born in Zaandam[edit]

Transport[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Statline: Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2003-2005 [1]. As of 1 January 2005.
  2. ^ Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten, KNAW, 2006.
  3. ^ McDonald's International (Press Release), "Fascinating McFacts about McDonald's International", 1996 [2]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°26′N 4°50′E / 52.433°N 4.833°E / 52.433; 4.833