Al-Zabadani

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Al-Zabadani
الزبداني
Az-Zabadani
Al-Zabadani
Al-Zabadani
Al-Zabadani is located in Syria
Al-Zabadani
Al-Zabadani
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 33°43′30″N 36°5′50″E / 33.72500°N 36.09722°E / 33.72500; 36.09722Coordinates: 33°43′30″N 36°5′50″E / 33.72500°N 36.09722°E / 33.72500; 36.09722
Country Flag of Syria.svg Syria
Governorate Rif Dimashq Governorate
District al-Zabadani District
Nahiyah Al-Zabadani
Elevation 1,100 m (3,600 ft)
Population (2004 census)[1]
 • Total 26,285
Area code(s) 13

Al-Zabadani or Az-Zabadani (Arabic: الزبداني‎) is a city in southwestern Syria in the Rif Dimashq Governorate, close to the border with Lebanon. It is located in the center of a green valley surrounded by high mountains at an elevation of around 1,100 m. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Al-Zabadani had a population of 26,285 in the 2004 census.[1]

Overview[edit]

Compared to Damascus, the weather in Al-Zabadani tends to be milder in the summer — about 5–8 degrees less, but from December to the end of February it is colder with a lot of snow, and the temperature drops to -10 degrees. The mild weather along with the scenic views, made the town a popular resort both for tourists and for visitors from other Syrian cities, especially from nearby Damascus and for tens of thousands of visitors from the Arabian peninsula. A more elevated region than Al-Zabadani is its neighbour, Bloudan, also a resort for thousands of tourists. Bloudan is about 1,500 metres above sealevel.

Al-Zabadani is predominantly Sunni with a substantial percentage of Christians. Christians have their own church and monastery. Al-Zabadani is rapidly growing and is well connected to Damascus.

The Scouts of Syria have a national training center at Al-Zabadani, where the first Arab Jamboree was held in 1954.

Syrian civil war[edit]

Main article: Battle of Zabadani

On January 18, 2012 Al-Zabadani became the first city to fall under the control of the Free Syrian Army following a bloody battle that lasted 11 days.[2]

On February 11, the Syrian Army regained control of the city.

The city of Al-Zabadani is vitally important to Syria's government and to Iran because, at least as late as June 2011, the city served as the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps's logistical hub for supplying Hizballah.[3]

By late July, the town had become a base of operations for Hezbollah the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, who had entered Syria to fight for the Assad government.[4] However, in August local fighters in Zabadani retook 70% of the town with only a few isolated army checkpoints remaining[5] On February 28, 2014, a truce was reached between government and rebel forces.[6] Later, however, it was reported that this truce broke down and that rebels attacked government checkpoints, with the government besieging and shelling the town.[7] On 26 April 2014, rebels in the Syrian town of Zabadani have surrendered after intense fighting with regime troops, losing their last stronghold along Lebanon's border.[8]

City twinning[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]