Zachary Adam Chesser

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Zachary Adam Chesser
Zachary Chesser mug shot.jpg
Mug shot of Chesser
Born (1989-12-22) December 22, 1989 (age 24)
Charlottesville, Virginia, United States
Nationality American
Other names Abu Talhah al-Amrikee
Occupation Unemployed (student); propagandist, and blogger for militant Islamist movement
Criminal penalty
Imprisonment of 25 years
Criminal status Incarcerated at United States Penitentiary, Marion[1]
Spouse(s) Proscovia Nzabanita
Children 1 son
Motive Terrorism
Conviction(s) Providing material support to Al-Shabaab, a terrorist organization

Zachary Adam Chesser (born December 22, 1989) is an American Muslim convert convicted as an Islamist terrorist in 2010 for aiding Al-Shabaab, which is aligned with al-Qaeda and has been designated a terrorist organization by the U.S. government. After pleading guilty, Chesser was sentenced in federal court on February 24, 2011 to 25 years in prison. He is also known for his threats to South Park creators Trey Parker and Matt Stone for depicting Muhammad in an episode of that series.

Early life and marriage[edit]

Chesser was born in Charlottesville, Virginia[2] to Barbara Katenbrink Chesser, a lawyer and prosecutor, and David Chesser.[3][4][5][6] His parents divorced.[3] Chesser moved to Fairfax County, Northern Virginia by the time he was in middle school.

He was selected for the Gifted and Talented program at Kilmer Middle School.[7] He graduated from Oakton High School in 2008. Chesser was known as an athlete, participating in the Oakton's football, basketball and crew teams. His yearbook profile said: "As the only Caucasian member of the break-dancing club, senior Chesser was not intimidated by being the only non-Asian."[8]

After high school, in 2008, Chesser enrolled at George Mason University in Fairfax County, Virginia, dropping out after one semester. In 2009, he married Proscovia Nzabanita, a Ugandan Muslim woman, and they had a son, Talhah.[8] (Nzabanita's mother Cecilia is Roman Catholic.)[9][10] Since Chesser's incarceration, his mother Barbara and Barbara's life partner Stacy Anderson, also a lawyer, have had custody of his son against Chesser and Nzabanita's wishes. His wife Nzabanita was deported from the United States.[9][11][12][13]

He worked briefly as a caretaker at the Islamic Center of Northern Virginia in Fairfax.[7]

Pursuit of Islam activism[edit]

Chesser told FBI agents he became interested in Islam in July 2008.[8] High school friends said his interest seemed to start when he began dating a Muslim girl. Sources disagree about whether he converted.[7]

Chesser used online media to disseminate his views, catching the attention of Jarret Brachman, a terrorism scholar, who engaged Chesser in email correspondence.[14] In his 2008 book on terrorism, Brachman had coined the term "jihobbyist" for people such as Chesser, who are fascinated by Islam or jihad but were not members of recognized terrorist organizations.[15][16]

By 2010, he had created a YouTube account called LearnTeachFightDie and a website called the mujhidblog.com. He had e-mail correspondence with Anwar al-Awlaki, a radical American Muslim cleric in hiding in Yemen. United States officials have alleged that the latter has encouraged homegrown terrorism. Al-Awlaki was later targeted and killed in a drone strike because of his role in Al Qaeda attacks against the United States.[8]

In 2009 both friends and members of the Islamic Center of Northern Virginia noticed that his views were becoming more extreme; he had conservative ideas about dress customs. An older member at the Islamic Center said he tried to broaden Chesser's views of the Islamic scriptures, and that the younger man took too narrow a view.[7]

In April 2010, Chesser wrote e-mail to FoxNews.com, saying that he sought to "raise awareness of the correct understanding of key Islamic beliefs". He said, "If you kill us, then we kill you" and he quoted Al Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden, saying that Muslims had the freedom to act against attacks on the Prophet. He further wrote in the e-mail:

"I seek to help the world understand that neither the Muslims in general nor the mujahideen including Al Qaeda are abject to peace, but that this peace come with the following conditions: a complete withdrawal of non-Muslim forces from Muslim lands, an ending of the propping up of the apartheid regime of Israel, and a ceasing of the propping up of the brutal dictators we currently have who refuse to rule by divine law," "I also seek to help the world understand that there will be no peace until the above conditions are met. Basically the formula works like this … if you kill us, then we kill you. If you do not kill us then we can have peace. 9/11 had nothing to with freedom or democracy. It had to do with the murder of hundreds of thousands of Muslims around the world by American and other powers." "As Usama bin Laden said with regard to the cartoons of Denmark, if there is no check in the freedom of your words, then let your hearts be open to the freedom of our actions."

Chesser became one of the most visible members helping the American Jesse Curtis Morton, aka Younes Abdullah Mohammed, run the radical Revolution Muslim website. Morton has said he created the site to promote propaganda supporting Al Qaeda.[17][18] This was one of the few American websites to praise the 2009 Fort Hood Shooting, in which a US Army psychiatrist killed fellow soldiers.[17] The Department of Defense has classified the events as workplace violence.

In April 2010, Revolution Muslim's website posted a statement jointly drafted by Chesser (under the online username Abu Talhah al-Amrikee) and Morton that warned South Park creators Trey Parker and Matt Stone of violent retribution for their depictions of Muhammad.[19] The post included the business addresses of likely targets of retribution, including Comedy Central and Parker and Stone's production company.[20]

Chesser threatened the South Park creators on a variety of other online platforms, including his blog and Twitter pages. Chesser wrote, "We have to warn Matt and Trey that what they are doing is stupid and they will probably wind up like Theo Van Gogh if they do air this show."[21] He was referring to the 2004 murder of a Dutch filmmaker, Theo van Gogh, by a Muslim extremist.

Legal proceedings[edit]

On July 10, 2010, Chesser was arrested with his infant son while in process of boarding a booked flight to Somalia via Uganda. He told federal agents that he intended to go to Somali home of Al-Shabaab, a terrorist organization.[8] An affidavit filed in federal court alleges that he intended to join Al-Shabaab as a "foreign fighter."[22] He was charged with aiding Al-Shabaab, which is aligned with al-Qaeda and has been designated a terrorist organization by the U.S. government. After pleading guilty, Chesser was sentenced in federal court on February 24, 2011 to 25 years in prison.[23]

On October 20, 2010, Chesser pled guilty to three felonies: communicating threats to Parker and Stone, soliciting violent jihadists to desensitize law enforcement, and attempting to provide material support to a designated foreign terrorist organization.[23] Desensitizing law enforcement means to place suspicious-looking but innocent packages in public places until police became slack at removing them, at which point a real explosive could be used.[23] These three charges carried a maximum of 30 years in prison; Chesser was sentenced to imprisonment of 25 years.[24] Chesser is currently incarcerated at United States Penitentiary, Marion.[1] Another American, Jesse Curtis Morton, aka Younes Abdullah Muhammad, a former leader of Revolution Muslim in New York, also pled guilty to terrorist-related charges.[25]

In February 2012, the U.S. Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee released a report entitled Zachary Chesser: A Case Study in Online Islamist Radicalization and Its Meaning for the Threat of Homegrown Terrorism.[26] The report traced Chesser's upbringing in Virginia and lack of direction, his attraction to minority beliefs and seeking attention, and his rapid transformation into a convicted terrorist. The report was based on Chesser's writings, including 37 pages of written correspondence between Chesser and Committee staff from August to October 2011 after he was imprisoned.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Inmate Locator". Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved May 29, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Zac Chesser timeline". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2014-03-08. 
  3. ^ a b "Road to Radicalism: The Man Behind the 'South Park' Threats". Fox News. Retrieved 2014-03-08. 
  4. ^ Garfield, Michael (2011-02-24). "Va. man who tried to join terrorists gets 25 years | wfaa.com Dallas - Fort Worth". Wfaa.com. Retrieved 2014-03-08. 
  5. ^ "Lawyer Barbara Chesser - Centreville Attorney". Avvo.com. Retrieved 2014-03-08. 
  6. ^ "Barbara K. Chesser - a Washington, District of Columbia (DC) Lawyer". Pview.findlaw.com. 2012-10-18. Retrieved 2014-03-08. 
  7. ^ a b c d Bahrampour, Tara (July 24, 2010), Terror suspect took his desire to belong to the extreme, Washington Post, retrieved July 29, 2010 
  8. ^ a b c d e MacDonald, Gregg (July 28, 2010), Fairfax County man accused of link to terrorist group, Fairfax Times, retrieved July 29, 2010 
  9. ^ a b "Fairfax man guilty in terror case is cited in report on future of Islamist extremism". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2014-03-08. 
  10. ^ "Civil Freedoms – Zachary Adam Chesser – April 15, 2012 “Taking my children away because of my faith”". Civilfreedoms.org. Retrieved 2014-03-08. 
  11. ^ "Wife of terrorism convict pleads guilty; will have to leave U.S.". CNN.com. Retrieved 2014-03-08. 
  12. ^ "Zachary Chesser v. Barbara Chesser :: Justia Dockets & Filings". Dockets.justia.com. 2013-08-01. Retrieved 2014-03-08. 
  13. ^ "Civil Freedoms – Zachary Adam Chesser – April 15, 2012 “Taking my children away because of my faith”". Civilfreedoms.org. Retrieved 2014-03-08. 
  14. ^ Brachman, Jarret (July 29, 2010), My Pen Pal, the Jihadist, Foreign Policy, retrieved July 31, 2010 
  15. ^ Jarret Brachman, Global Jihadism: Theory and Practice
  16. ^ "Counter-terrorism experts say Jihad Jane represents a threat from online 'jihobbyists'". Oneindia News. March 20, 2010. Retrieved May 27, 2010. 
  17. ^ a b 22 June 2012 Muslim Jesse Curtis Morton jailed over South Park threats Jail for 'South Park attack' man
  18. ^ US v. Chesser, Zachary, Investigative Project on Terrorism
  19. ^ Miller, Joshua Rhett (April 23, 2010), Road to Radicalism: The Man Behind the 'South Park' Threats, Fox News, retrieved July 29, 2010 
  20. ^ Lister, Tom (April 19, 2010), Radical Islamic Web site takes on 'South Park', CNN, retrieved July 29, 2010 
  21. ^ Abu Talhah al-Amrikee: An Extensive Online Footprint, ADL website (Anti-Defamation League), April 20, 2010: 2 
  22. ^ Miller, Joshua Rhett (July 22, 2010), Virginia Man Accused of Trying to Join Somali Terrorists Appears in Court, Fox News, retrieved July 29, 2010 
  23. ^ a b c Virginia Man Pleads Guilty to Providing Material Support to a Foreign Terrorist Organization and Encouraging Violent Jihadists to Kill U.S. Citizens, DOJ website (Department of Justice), Oct 20, 2010, retrieved Oct 23, 2010 
  24. ^ Cratty, Carol. "Man who threatened 'South Park' creators gets 25 years in prison". CNN. Retrieved Feb 26, 2011. 
  25. ^ "New York man guilty of South Park murder threat". ABC News, 9 February 2012, accessed 10 January 2013
  26. ^ Zachary Chesser: A Case Study in Online Islamist Radicalization and Its Meaning for the Threat of Homegrown Terrorism, HSGAC website ( U.S. Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee), February 27, 2012