Zafarullah Khan Jamali
||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (November 2012)|
|Zafarullah Khan Jamali
میر ظفراللہ خان جمالی
|Prime Minister of Pakistan|
21 November 2002 – 26 June 2004
|Preceded by||Pervez Musharraf (chief executive)|
|Succeeded by||Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain|
|Chief Minister of Balochistan|
9 November 1996 – 22 February 1997
|Governor||Imran Ullah Khan|
|Preceded by||Zulfikar Ali Magsi|
|Succeeded by||Akhtar Mengal|
24 June 1988 – 24 December 1988
|Preceded by||Ghulam Qadir Khan|
|Succeeded by||Bux Marie (Acting)|
1 January 1944 |
Dera Murad Jamali, Baluchistan Agency, British India
(now in Balochistan, Pakistan)
|Political party||Pakistan Peoples Party (Before 1977)
Islamic Democratic Alliance (1988–1993)
Pakistan Muslim League-
Pakistan Muslim League-
Quaid (2002–2011)PML F
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
|Alma mater||Government College University
Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali (Balochi, Urdu: میر ظفراللہ خان جمالی; born 1 January 1944) is a nationalist conservative politician and former sports administrator, serving as the thirteenth Prime Minister of Pakistan from 2002 until his resignation in 2004.
Originally a supporter of Pakistan Peoples Party, Jamali emerged in the politics of Balochistan Province in the 1970s, under military governor Rahimuddin Khan. He became a national figure as a part of the government of former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, and served as the Chief Minister of Balochistan in two non-consecutive terms from June 1988 to December 1988, and November 1996 to February 1997. Although a senior leader in the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) and Sharif's confidante, Jamali's relations went cold, and he subsequently joined the dissident's party after the 1999 coup led by General Pervez Musharraf. After participating successfully in the 2002 general election, Jamali won the bid for the Office of Prime Minister after his supporters and colleagues left their respected parties to support him. On 21 November 2002, Jamali was appointed as thirteenth Prime Minister of Pakistan, becoming the first ethnic Baloch to hold that office.
Jamali vowed to transform Pakistan's economy into broader free-market principles, and implemented intensive economic shock therapy, price liberalisation and privatisation programmes. His political and economic philosophy emphasised the macroeconomics principles and subsequently improved the financial services, revenue and taxation in an attempt to control foreign debt, hyperinflation and social problems. His economic policies reached to expanded record level, producing 13.6% GDP per capita for the national economy. Jamali successfully oversaw the country's transformation of two-party system into the multiparty democracy system, and oversaw the implementation of constitutional restoration in the country. On 26 June 2004, Jamali announced a surprising announcement of his resignation, leaving the office into hand of his economic minister Shaukat Aziz (although Shuja'at Hussain served as an active Prime minister).
Zafarullah Khan Jamali is a baloch political leader he was born in the "Rojhan Jamali" village of Dera Murad Jamali, in Nasirabad District of Commissariat Baluchistan of British Indian Empire on 1 January 1944. Jamali hails from an educated Baloch family who had been under influence of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. His uncle, Jafar Khan Jamali, was a prominent leader of the Pakistan Movement, and was a close associate of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Founder of Pakistan; his family had been active in politics since 1932. After completing his high school education from Saint Francis Grammar School in Quetta, Jamali attended the elite public colleges, first studying at the Lawrence College at Murree where he did O-level and later proceeded to Aitchison College in Lahore where finally completing the A-levels with high marks in his studies. Jamali applied and inducted in the Government College University where he obtained Bachelor's degree (with honours) in Business Administration in 1963, followed by MA in British history from the Punjab University in 1965. Jamali was a "Blue" holder of Punjab University in university's hockey in 1961–65 and also captained its team. In 1965, Jamali joined the national hockey team of Pakistan represented Pakistan as a hockey player at international level.
Upon returning to his native province, Jamali performed variety of public and social works which motivated him to come in the public life with real commitment and dedication for the service and welfare of the masses. During this time, Jamali began to take interest in national politics and decided to join the centre-left, democratic socialist Pakistan Peoples Party after listening to Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's speech during his visit to Balochistan.
Member of Pakistan Peoples Party
In 1970, Jamali joined the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) and since had been an active member of the party. Through the PPP platform, Jamali participated in the 1970 parliamentary elections and was elected unopposed. In 1972, appointing a new government, Jamali was elevated as the provincial Home minister and held departments of Food, Information and Parliamentary Affairs in the Balochistan's provisional cabinet. After the 1977 parliamentary elections, he was again elected unopposed for the Balochistan Provincial Assembly and held the portfolio of the departments of Food, Information, Law and Parliamentary Affairs; although it was short-lived.
After 1977, Jamali left the People's party due to party's tough stance on socialism and democratic socialist principles on economy. In 1980, Jamali joined the military governorship of Lieutenant-General Rahimuddin Khan and subsequently rose to national prominence. Under the military governorship, Jamali headed the department of real-state, agrovilles and township planning, and played significant role in country's development of weapon-testing laboratories for national nuclear deterrence. In 1981, Jamali was elevated in the cabinet but left due to differences with General Zia-ul-Haq.
Jamali rose to public prominence in 1980 and has been associated with Foreign Service of Pakistan since 1980. He presented and headed Pakistan's delegation to the United Nations in 1980 and again in 1991. In 1981, Jamali headed Pakistan's delegation to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in Rome, Italy. In 1982, Jamali chaired Pakistan's delegation to the Islamic Agricultural Ministers Conference in Ankara, Turkey, and also led a 21-member delegation of the Parliament to the United States in 1982.
Jamali successfully participated in 1985 general elections and contested for the Prime minister's Secretariat. He competed for the seat of Prime Minister against Muhammad Khan Junejo and Ilahi Bux Soomro. However, Junejo won the slot due to his apolitical ideas and lack of understanding the government operations, although it was proved to be misconception. Jamali took the oath from General Zia-ul-Haq, and appointed as the minister of Ministry of Water and Power in the government of Prime minister Junejo.
Chief minister of Balochistan
In 1988, Jamali joined the right-wing conservative alliance, the Islamic Democratic Alliance (IDA), and appointed as the fourth Chief Minister of Balochistan Province of Pakistan in 1988. However, he lost the support of Pakistan Peoples Party ad was immediately succeed by nationalist Akbar Bugti.
He remains active in politics and participated in 1990 elections and holding the chairmanship of Senate committee of economics, financial, and revenue services. In 1993, Jamali joined the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) led by Nawaz Sharif as its senior vice-president. In 1996, with the support of JUI-F, Jamali was again appointed as care-taker chief minister of Balochistan and secured his parliamentary seat in 1997 general elections. As parliamentary member, Jamali was the chairman of the senate committee sports and physical development. He remains a powerful and public vocal of Pakistan's first nuclear tests (see Chagai-I and Chagai-II) authorised by Prime minister Nawaz Sharif but his relations with the Prime minister went cold. Problems with Nawaz Sharif arise in 1999 during the Kargil war and subsequently ended his support to the Prime minister after the 1999 coup d'état led by chief of army staff and Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee General Pervez Musharraf.
On 20 July 2002, Jamali joined the splinter and rebel group of Pakistan Muslim League, the Q Group as its Senior Executive President. In 2002, Jamali participated with full force in 2002 general elections and secured his parliamentary seat with heavy margin from Balochistan Province. Initially, he contested for the Prime minister Secretariat and won the support of his party members when his supporters from the Peoples party and Muslim league defected to Q-Group to support him. In the first parliamentary session, Jamali won the bid of the Prime minister secretariat. This was the first general election to take place in Pakistan following the 1999 coup.
Since, no political party had the exclusive mandate, his election as Prime Minister came after weeks of political negotiations. On 21 November 2002, Jamali took the oath and became 13th Prime minister of Pakistan, as well as first Baloch Prime minister of that country. During the first session, Jamali secured 188 votes out of 342 seat lower house, the National Assembly. Prime minister Jamali formed a coalition government, forming with MQM, MMA, PPPP, and the Splinter Group of Pakistan Muslim League. Jamali successfully oversaw the transition of Pakistan's two-party democracy into multi-party democracy.
Soon after appointed as Prime minister, Jamali announced the new cabinet, consisting Shaukat Aziz (as Finance), Rao Iskandar (Defence, Faisal Hyatt (Interior), Khurschid Kasurie (Foreign Affairs, and Zubaida Jalal (Education). Jamali appointed Justice Sheikh Riaz Ahmad as Chief Justice of Pakistan and re-established the Supreme Court of Pakistan after deposing Justice Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui.
His economic policies were primarily based on capitalism and free-economy principles, a plan devised by his economic minister Shaukat Aziz in 1999. Jamali gave the approval of a privatisation programme of state corporations, and intensified the programme through his finance minister. His policies emphasised the macroeconomics policies and approved the poverty-alleviation programme, and pioneered the pro-poor policies by establishing industries and giving free-hands to private sector to bring investment in the country. Subsequently, with Shuakat Aziz's help, Jamali ended the 15-year-long ties with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and proudly announced that "untry had achieved complete economic sovereignty".
Major industries and state-owned corporations were opened to the private sector and the doors of investment opportunities were opened to individuals of the private corporations. His economic policies were extremely under the control of his economic minister Shaukat Aziz, who supervised the success of the privatisation programme Jamali had given approval earlier.
As Prime minister, Jamali formulated pro-American policies while on other hand, worked on enhancing the relations with Iran, China, and European Union. As for first task, Jamali attempted to improve relations with country's neighbours by first directing an invitation to President of Iran Mohammad Khatami who visited Pakistan in 2002 after immediately accepting the initiation. A high-level delegation, consisting the Iranian cabinet, members of the Parliament, Iranian Vice-President and President Khatami paid a three-day state visit in 2002. As in return, Jamali paid a state visit in 2003 where he held talks with economic co-operation, security of the region, and better bilateral ties between Pakistan and Iran. During this visit, Jamali gave valuable advises to Iranian leadership on their nuclear programme "against the backdrop of the country's" negotiations with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and measures to strengthen economic relations between the two countries.
In 2003, Jamali gave his support to Hamid Karzai to become the President of Afghanistan and approved an aid programme to Afghanistan. It was a first major foreign visit since in 34 years and announced to build a first railway tracks in Afghanistan.
On October 2003, Jamali first foreign trip took place as Prime minister after visiting a state visit to United States. He met with President of the United States George W. Bush in 2003 and vowed to support United States on War on Terror. After negotiating with the United States, Jamali succeeded in securing an aid package from the United States to support the national economy and social reforms to reduce the level of suicide and to elevate the progress of the social growth in the country.
Jamali vowed to improve relations with India and directed fairwell messages to India immediately after assuming the office. Jamali succeeded in proceeding a peace agreement and cease-fire in disputed Kashmir region. A special envoy was directed throughout his time of government where Jamali succeeded in improving better relations and lessening the tensions between two countries arise in 1990s and early 2000s.
Despite being ideologically close to President Musharraf, and supported the political and economic policies based on Pro-United States economical system. On 26 June 2004, Jamali surprisingly announced his resignation on television channels after tendering a three-hour long meeting with President Musharraf. There had been rumours in the country with Jamali straining relations with President Musharraf on executing the government policies. According the media reports, resignation came in light when President became unhappy with strategies formulated by Jamali to tackle down the opposition performance and his failure to endorse his policies strongly. In previous parliamentary sessions, the confrontation took place between the opposition parties and his government alliance over the military's role in the country's politics; although, President did not asked Jamali to resign.
Initially, the ultra-rightists alliance came in complete shock and surprise after hearing the news. Parties regarded this resignation as "forced and humiliation for democracy" while others regarded as "bad for the future". With the surprise announcement, Jamali dissolved the cabinet and nominated his party's president Shujaat Hussain as interim prime minister. Weeks after the resignation, it was revealed that the resignation came as a result of deteriorating relations with Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain.
Passion for hockey
After resigning, Jamali perused his considerable love of Field hockey. In 2004, Jamali accepted the authoritative post at the Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) as its president. In 2004, presided under Jamali, Pakistan Hockey Team secured third place in Champions Trophy in Lahore, Pakistan. Jamali took personal initiatives to hold the international event in Pakistan and was seen seated in every match of Pakistan Hockey Team in the stadium where he would be chairing to support the Pakistan Hockey Team. He has previously played hockey for Punjab province, acted as Chief-de-Mission for the 1984 Olympics Games, and has been chief selector for the national team.
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Ghulam Qadir Khan
|Chief Minister of Balochistan
Khuda Bux Marri
Zulfikar Ali Magsi
|Chief Minister of Balochistan
as chief executive of Pakistan
|Prime Minister of Pakistan
Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain