Zagórz

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Zagórz
Zagórz view from top of Mariemont Hill
Zagórz view from top of Mariemont Hill
Coat of arms of Zagórz
Coat of arms
Zagórz is located in Poland
Zagórz
Zagórz
Coordinates: 49°31′N 22°16′E / 49.517°N 22.267°E / 49.517; 22.267
Country  Poland
Voivodeship POL województwo podkarpackie flag.svg Subcarpathian
County Sanok
Gmina Zagórz
Established 1412
Town rights 1977
Government
 • Mayor Bogusław Jaworski
Area
 • Total 22.39 km2 (8.64 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 4,990
 • Density 220/km2 (580/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 38-540
Area code(s) +48 13
Car plates RSA
Website http://www.zagorz.pl

Zagórz [ˈzaɡuʂ] (Ukrainian: Загір'я; German: Sagor) is a town in Sanok County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland, on the river Osława in the Bukowsko Upland mountains, located near the towns of Medzilaborce and Palota (in northeastern Slovakia). It has a population of 4,988 (02.06.2009).[1]

Zagórz is the most southeasterly railroad junction of the PKP, with lines going into three directions - eastwards (to Krościenko and Ukrainian border), southwards (to Nowy Łupków and Slovakian border) and westwards (to Jasło and the rest of the country).

History[edit]

The village of Zagorz was established in the 14th century, when Red Ruthenia was annexed by the Kingdom of Poland. In the early 16th-century documents, its name was spelled Sagorsze and Sogorsch. Zagorz belonged to the noble Tarnawski family, but in 1490, the village was sold to Piotr Kmita Sobienski. In the 16th and 17th centuries, Zagorz frequently changed owners.

In 1710, Voivode of Volhynia, Count Jan Adam Stadnicki built in Zagorz a fortified complex of Carmelite Monastery, which also served as a hospital for war veterans. The complex served as a hideout for rebels of the Bar Confederation, and in 1789, when Zagorz already belonged to Austrian Galicia (see Partitions of Poland), the abbey was closed by Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor. In 1830, the complex burned in a fire.

In 1880, the population of Zagorz was 1,639, with Poles, Rusyns, Jews and Germans. By that time, Zagorz already had a rail station, located in the district of Nowy Zagorz. Establishment of a rail junction contributed to the development of the village, whose population grew to 2,400 (in the year 1914). During Polish–Ukrainian War (1918 - 1919), local rail workers built an armoured train, which protected the area from Ukrainian raids.

In the Second Polish Republic, Zagorz belonged to Lwow Voivodeship. On September 12, 1939, first Wehrmacht units entered the village, welcomed by local Ukrainians. During the war, a Home Army unit operated in the area of the village. German occupation ended on September 13, 1944, when Red Army entered Zagorz.

During World War II dzielnica Zasław of the town Zagórz was the location of Zasław concentration camp set up by Nazi Germany for the concentration and exploitation of Polish Jews soon to be exterminated in Belzec.

Points of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population. Size and structure by territorial division". ©1995-2009 Central Statistical Office 00-925 Warsaw, Al. Niepodległości 208. 2009-06-02. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Prof. Adam Fastnacht. Slownik Historyczno-Geograficzny Ziemi Sanockiej w Średniowieczu (Historic-Geographic Dictionary of the Sanok District in the Middle Ages), Kraków, 2002, ISBN 83-88385-14-3.

External links[edit]

Media related to Zagórz at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 49°31′N 22°16′E / 49.517°N 22.267°E / 49.517; 22.267