Serbian Orthodox Cathedral in Zagreb

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Serbian Orthodox Cathedral in Zagreb

Cathedral of the Transfiguration of the Lord
Храм преображења Господњег

Hram preobraženja Gospodnjeg
Zagreb Orthodox Cathedral from Petar Preradović Square
Serbian Orthodox Cathedral in Zagreb is located in Croatia
Serbian Orthodox Cathedral in Zagreb
Serbian Orthodox Cathedral in Zagreb
Shown within Croatia
45°48′46″N 15°58′26″E / 45.81265°N 15.9739°E / 45.81265; 15.9739Coordinates: 45°48′46″N 15°58′26″E / 45.81265°N 15.9739°E / 45.81265; 15.9739
Location Zagreb
Country Croatia
Denomination Serbian Orthodox
Previous denomination all Eastern Orthodox communities
History
Former name(s) Church of St. Peter's and Paul (in 1794)
Founded  ()
Dedication Transfiguration of the Lord
Past bishop(s)

Metropolitan Emilijan Marinović (1969-1977)
Metropolitan Jovan Pavlović 1982-2014

Metropolitan Porfirije Perić 2014-
Architecture
Status Church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Register of Cultural Goods of Croatia
Architect(s) Franjo Klein and Hermann Bollé
Style Historicist interpretation of Romanesque and Byzantine architecture
Administration
Archdiocese Metropolitanate of Zagreb and Ljubljana

Zagreb Orthodox Cathedral or Cathedral of the Transfiguration of the Lord (Serbian Cyrillic: Храм преображења Господњег, Croatian: Hram preobraženja Gospodnjeg) is a Serbian Orthodox Cathedral located on the Petar Preradović Square in Zagreb, Croatia. It was built in 1865-1866 according to designs of architect Franjo Klein. It is ecclessiastically part of the Metropolitanate of Zagreb and Ljubljana and its cathedral.

History[edit]

Old St. Marguerite church[edit]

Since the 14th century, on the place of modern day Cathedral of the Transfiguration, was located wooden St. Marguerite Roman Catholic church.[1] The church was restored in 16th and 17th century.[1] Since 1372 until 19th century, every year was organized St. Marguerite fair.[2] In 18th century church was burned down in a fire and in its place was built a new one with bulbous steeple.[2]

Church purchase[edit]

Duding Josephinism period state implemented significant reforms that affected life of religious communities. In 1781 Patent of Toleration extended religious freedom to non-Catholic Christians living in Habsburg lands and was followed by 1782 Edict of Tolerance. By city government decision old St. Marguerite church was offered at auction and sold to Zagreb Orthodox Parish for 4000 Austro-Hungarian forint.[1] In 1848, during Revolutions of 1848, Orthodox Parish added a suffix Serbian in its name since by that time Serbs significantly outnumbered local Greeks and Aromanians.[1]

Construction of new church[edit]

Hermann Bollé 1897 project

In 1861 initiative was launched to build new church on the site of a dilapidated old St. Marguerite church.[2] Project was awarded to the architect Franjo Klein. In the same period when Serbian Orthodox Cathedral was build, Zagreb Synagogue was also build according to Franjo Klein project.[2] Church was completed on 21st October 1866, and synagogue on 27th of September 1867.[2]

In 1897, after completion of urbanization of square south to the church, architect Hermann Bollé proposed plan of monumental reorganization of church.[2] This plan was never implemented, but the same architect developed a plan for restoration of bell tower in its modern day shape in 1899, and in 1913 based on his plan facade was restored.[2]

World War II[edit]

During World War II collaborationist Croatian fascist Ustaše regime of Independent State of Croatia seized all property Serbian Orthodox Church and determined that cathedral will be central church of Croatian Orthodox Church what was part of widespread persecution of Serbs.

Liturgy[edit]

Choir[edit]

Architecture[edit]

Location[edit]

Exterior[edit]

Interior[edit]

Iconostasis[edit]

First church iconostasis was placed in front of the altar in 1795.[1] This iconostasis was donated to Church of St. George in Varaždin in 1884 when new current iconostasis was built.[1] Orthodox Cathedral iconostasis comprises a total of 34 icons and 4 free-standing walnut pillars.[1]

Frescoes[edit]

icons painted as frescos on the walls

Burials[edit]

In Serbian Orthodox Cathedral in Zagreb Metropolitan Jovan Pavlović was buried in 2014 after he held position in 1982-2014 period.

Furnishings[edit]

Notable Items[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Pravoslavna crkva na preradovićevom trgu, PhD Dragan Damjanović, Zagreb-moj grad, pages 11-13, Issue 28, year IV, May 2010
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Preradovićev (Cvjetni) trg-ogledalo urbaniteta, PhD Snježana Knežević, Zagreb-moj grad, pages 4-9, Issue 28, year IV, May 2010

Bibliography[edit]

  • Преображени храм (Живопис храма Св. Преображења Господњег у Загребу)-Храм преображенный (Роснись храма св. Преображенуя Господня б Загребе)-Transfigured church (Fresgues of the church of St. Transfiguration of the Lord in Zagreb), Irina Buseva Davidova and Dragan Damjanović, Zagreb 2008, trilingual publication in Serbian, Russian and English, NSK CIP 673785

External links[edit]

Media related to Cathedral of the Transfiguration of the Lord in Zagreb at Wikimedia Commons