|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2013)|
బడీ ఎక్కెలి,ಬಡಿ ಎಕ್ಕೆಲ್ಲಿ
|Elevation||622 m (2,041 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||TS 11|
Zahirabad township was originally called Badi Ekkhelli. It was earlier also known as "Akkampalli." The name was changed for Muhammad Zaheeruddin (Zaheer Yar Jung Bahadur) a member of the Sufi Islamic aristocratic family, the Paigah clan, of Hyderabad state. Zaheerudin was the eldest son of Dowlah Bahadur, a follower of the Zoroastrian divinity, Asman. Though the name has been changed, Badi Ekkhelli is used locally.
Jharasangam (Dakshin Kasi)
Near the town, in Jharasangam village and mandal, there is an ancient temple of Lord Shiva, called Kethaki Sangameshwara Swamy or Astha Theertha Amrutha Gundam or Dakshina Kasi. Tradition says the temple was founded by the Lord Brahma: Raja Kupendra, the king of Surya Vamsha during Krutha Yug was suffering from an incurable skin disease. While on a routine hunting expedition, he came to the Kethaki Vanam and found a stream, where he washed his body. On returning home, he found that his skin disease was completely cured. That same night, the Lord Sangameshwara appeared in a dream and asked the Raja to construct a sanatorium over Shiva Lingam. The Raja Kupendra constructed the temple over Shiva Lingam and converted the stream into a pushkarini.
Due to its historical and religious importance, the people from Karnataka, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh (the Telangana areas) visit the temple and pay homage to Lord Shiva, and perform gunda pooja (a special ritual of observance).
It is also said that after creating the world, the Lord Brahma visited the site for meditation. As the Lord Brahma founded the Bhanakara Lingam the poojas (devotional ceremonies) are perfomred with kethaki flowers, which are not usually used in the pooja ceremony. There are eight theerthas: Narayana, Dharna, Rushi, Varuna, Soma, Rudra, Indira and Datha.
Important points in the history of the town include climate related crises such as the drought of 1972 and the Hyderabad Police Action of 1949.
In 2001, the census population of Ekkhelli (Zahirabad) was 140,160. Sixteen percent were under six years of age. The rate of literacy was 59.5 percent, higher than the national average. Women were less literate than men (55 percent to 69 percent). The common languages spoken are Urdu, Telugu and Kannada.
The town is located on deccan plateau, dominated by laterite soils and black soils. dharwars are the major rock types.
Zahirabad is an agricultural area. Farming has struggled due to dry lands becoming fallow and the loss of a variety of crop types such as cereals, pulses and oilseeds. The Deccan Development Society (DDS) has assisted local women to become empowered in the economy and in society. In small groups called sangams, they have succeeded in developing food security and making charity endeavours. In March 2013, a tractor manufacturer opened near Zahirabad providing employment. Other industries include sugar refining, rubber manufacturing and chemical manufacturing.
Taj Books & Statioary
Typical of an Indian town of its size, Zahirabad has a number of banks, public and independent schools and colleges, shops, hotels, hospitals and other services. There is an internet service provider in the township.
- "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "History" Temple.org website.
- Chevalier J. M. and Buckles D. J. "Participatory action research - theory and methods for engaged enquiry." Routledge, 2013. ISBN 0415540313, 9780415540315. p207. Accessed at Google Books 8 December 2013.
- Energy and Resources Institute. "Environment Chronicles: the best of TerraGreen." TERI Press, 2011. ISBN 817993358X, 9788179933589 p162. Accessed at Google Books 8 December 2013.
- Apte T. "An Activist Approach to Biodiversity Planning: A Handbook of Participatory Tools Used to Prepare India's National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan." International Institute for Environment and Development 2005. ISBN 1843695480, 9781843695486. p77. Accessed at Google Books 8 December 2013.