Zaidpur

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This article is about Zaidpur village. For the area of Indian governance by the same name, see Zaidpur (Vidhan Sabha constituency).
Zaidpur
Village
Zaidpur is located in Uttar Pradesh
Zaidpur
Zaidpur
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 26°50′N 81°20′E / 26.83°N 81.33°E / 26.83; 81.33Coordinates: 26°50′N 81°20′E / 26.83°N 81.33°E / 26.83; 81.33
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Barabanki
Founded by Abdullah Zar-baqsh
Government
 • Type legislative assembly area
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 34,443
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 225414

Zaidpur is a village and a nagar panchayat in the Barabanki district, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Geography[edit]

Zaidpur village covers approximately 3 km2 of non-mountainous terrain.

Location[edit]

Zaidpur lies at 26°50′N 81°20′E / 26.83°N 81.33°E / 26.83; 81.33 in India's north east. Its nearest service centre is Nawabganj, approximately 20km to the northwest and its nearest city is Lucknow, approximately 30km to the west. Faizabad is further away to the east. Delhi and Agra lie to the west. The border with Nepal lies approximately 150km to the northeast. Zaidpur's elevation is 109 metres (357 feet).[2] [3]

Transport[edit]

Zaidpur lies on state highway 13. The nearest passenger airport is the Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport at Lucknow, 44.4 kilometres (27.6 mi) from Zaidpur.[4]

Hydrology[edit]

Derivatives of the Ganga river and Gomti River, local rain in wet months and wells supply water to Zaidpur.[5]

Climate[edit]

July is the wettest month in Zaidpur with an average 22 rain days and average monthly precipitation of 237mm. The wet season is between May and September. The hottest month is May with an average high temperature of 40 °C. The coldest month is January with an average low temperature of 8 °C.[6]

Demographics[edit]

In 2001, Zaidpur's population was 30,065. Males constituted 52% of the population and females 48%. Zaidpur had an average literacy rate of 34%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy was 43%, and female literacy was 25%. In Zaidpur, 19% of the population was under 6.

Religions in zaidpur
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
39%
Muslims
  
60%
Jains
  
0.7%
Others†
  
0.3%
Distribution of religions.
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

History[edit]

Origin[edit]

Zaidpur was a Musalman military colony[7] founded in 462 Hijri (1070 AD) by Abdullah Zar-baqsh, an immigrant from Qom, Persia. The settlement was named for Zar-Baksh's only son, Zaid (b. 462 Hijri (1070 AD)).

Zar-baqsh was a descendant of the prophet Muhammad through his daughter, Fatimah and her husband, Ali, and thus was of the Rizvi family, in the 14th generation from Muhammad. Zar-baqsh's father was Yaqoob and his grandfather was Ahmad (924–969 AD), a naqib (official investigator) of Qom.

The list below describes the descendants of Muhammad to Zaid, after whom Zaidpur was named.

  • Muhammad.
  • Fatima and her husband, Ali.
  • Shuhada.
  • Zayn al-Abideen.
  • Baqir al-Ulum.
  • Jafar as-Sadiq.
  • Musa al-Kazim.
  • Hassan al-Rizha.
  • Mohammad al-Taqi Al-Jawad.
  • Musa al Mubarraqa.
  • Abu Maqarem.
  • Muhammad al-Aeraj.
  • Ahmed.
  • Yaqoob.
  • Zar-baqsh.
  • Zaid.

[8] [9]

Zar-baqsh[edit]

Zar-baqsh was born and raised in Qom. He later moved to Jajarm, now in current day North Khurasan, Iran. He was a scholar and a spiritual figure with miracles attributed to him. For example, under his spiritual power, gold fell from the sky, leading to his name "Zar-baqsh", the "one who gives gold". Due to persecution of the Saiyeds, (descendants of Muhammad), Zar-baqsh went to Lahore, Hindustan and from there, he travelled east, reaching a place in a forest, with a well, where he founded Zaidpur. This location was 9 miles (14 km) from the fort of Dawood Ghazi of Satrikh, an earlier immigrant, regional Muslim ruler, and a general of the sultan, Mahmood Ghaznavi.

Zar-baqsh married Bibi Yadgaar Bano, daughter of Dawood Ghazi. Dawood Ghazi's mazaar (mausoleum), the Budhe Baba Ki Mazaar is in Satrikh, Barabanki district. Masood Ghazi (1015–1032 AD), the son of Dawood Ghazi and Sitr-i-Mu’allla (the sister of the sultan, Mahmood Ghaznavi) is entombed in Bahraich. Zar-basqh retired to a quiet spiritual life at the Dada Abdullah Ka Talaab well (known locally as the "Dada Dullan Ka Talab"). Later, a nearby village was founded and named Abdallahpur after Zar-baqsh.

In 1089 AD, Zar-baqsh set out on a three year long, holy pilgrimage to Mecca. In 493 Hijri (1099 AD), he left again. In 493 Hijri (1100 AD), in Jajarm, Zar-baqsh died of an illness and is buried there.

Zaid[edit]

Zaid, the son of Zar-baqsh, was a saintly scholar to whom miracles have been attributed. At eighteen, he married Bibi Kaneez Bano, the daughter of Sulaiman of Satrikh for whom the town, Sulaimanabad is named. Sulaiman was the nephew of Dawood Ghazi.

Before Zar-baqsh left on his pilgrimage, he gave to his son, Zaid, the hereditary and traditional family lore. He also asked that his first born grandson be named Mahmood. The child was born in 1100 AD and a village near Zaidpur was named Mahmoodpur after the boy.

After the death of Zar-baqsh, Zaid retired to a life of solitude and devotion in the mohalla Gadhi-Qadeem in Zaidpur. Zaid died on 16th Rabi-us-Sani, 526 Hijri, 6 March 1132 AD at age 64 and was buried by his mother's side, near the Dada Abdullah Ka Talaab well on the outskirts of Zaidpur.

Notable people from Zaidpur[edit]

Saiyyed families[edit]

Members of the Saiyyed families of Zaidpur, the Badis and the Chotis became Taluqdars (feudal lords) of Awadh province.[10][11][12]

Mohammad Ashraf "Danishmand", Saiyad-ul-Ulema (1557–1644 AD)[edit]

Wazeer-un-Nisa at Mohalla Danishmandaan, Amroha, India

[12]:{{{1}}}

In about 840 Hijri (1436 AD), Ali-ud-deen, son of Saif-ud-deen Saani, migrated from Zaidpur to Jaunpur. Ali-ud-deen's younger brother, Ziya-ud-deen (Ziya) remained in Zaidpur. Ali-ud-deen's son, Khair-ud-deen was a prosperous man who lived in Nahthor, Bijnaour district. His son, Dawood (Pyaare), grandson, Mohammad (Mangan) and great grandson, Mohammad Saeed also lived in Nahthor. Khair-ud-deen's great great grandson, Mohammad Ashraf (1557-1644 AD) was born in Nahthor. Mohammad Ashraf later moved to Amroha where he died in 1644 AD.

Mohammad Ashraf was a scholar who advocated the use of the intellect in everyday life as a way to find balance and reduce anxiety and extravagances. The Moghul emperor, Barbar, honoured Mohammad Ashraf with the title, Danishmand.

In 1811 AD or earlier, a congregation hall (azakhana or imambarah) and a mosque were built at Danishmandaan, Amroha, by Musammat in memory of her daughter. Further construction was done by Mehdi Raza Taqvi in 1946. Among eight structures at the azakhana, one was a school of Islamic theology, the Noor Ul Madaris.[13][14]

Ghulam Husain, Salim[edit]

Ghulam Husain was an historian, antiquarian and archaeologist. Salim was his Takh-al-lus (pen name). After moving to Malda, Salim became a dak munshi (post master) under George Udney, the English commercial resident of Malda. Salim was also a keen student of history. He deciphered inscriptions attached to Mosques and other monuments. He also visited Gaur and Pandua, the two Sultanate capitals of Bengal where most of the monuments were located. In 1786 AD, Udney asked Salim to write the history of Muslim rule. The Riyaz-us-Salatin (Garden of Kings), dated 1788 AD, was the first complete history of Muslim rule in Bengal.[15] The book was written in Persian. It describes Muslim rule from Bakhtiyaar’s conquest of Nadia in 1204 and 1205 AD to the battle of Palasi in 1757 AD. Salim lived in a house which later became a charitable dispensary in Malda.[16] Salim died in 1233 Hijri (1817 AD) and is buried in the Chak Qurban Ali quarter of Malda.[17][18]

Brigadier Haider Abbas Rizvi[edit]

Mohammad Askari

Karam Ali of Zaidpur, the original owner of the Gotia Estate, was a Saiyed, an hakeem (a physician) and a land owner. The last owner of the estate was Haider Abbas Rizvi, a brigadier general of the 1st Punjab Regiment of Her Majesty's Royal Indian Army. He had inherited the land from his father, Mohammad Askari. At the time of Partition, Rizvi retired to Sialkot, in Punjab, Pakistan.

Others[edit]

Economy[edit]

Enterprises in Zaidpur include a postal service; bank; school; an LPG gas agency; sugar cane farming equipment sales; winnowing fan sales; cinema halls; medical services; and small scale textile manufacturing (for example, scarves and cotton stoles from a tradition of hand-loom weaving).

Education[edit]

Entrance to the Noor Muhammad Inter College

Noor Muhammad Inter College was founded by Noor Mohammad Seth. In 2007, a modern zaidpur gate with a height of 40 ft was designed and installed by his nephew, Fakhruddin Usmani and his daughter, Sabra Fakhruddin, during a visit from Karachi, Pakistan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=183076
  2. ^ "Zaidpur." Global gazeteer version 2.2 web page 1996 - 2010. Zaidpur, India
  3. ^ "Zaidpur". Google map. Accessed 24 January 2014.
  4. ^ "Zaidpur". Closest Airport To website. Accessed 25 January 2014.
  5. ^ "India river map." Maps of India website. Accessed 24 January 2014.
  6. ^ "Zaidpur". World weather online website. Accessed 25 January 2014.
  7. ^ Irwin H. C. "The Garden of India or chapters on Oudh history." Asian Educational Services 2001 p28. ISBN 8120615425, 9788120615427
  8. ^ Saiyeds of Zaidpur Shajraat-Taiyyabaat (1916).
  9. ^ Anwaar-e-Qom (1953).
  10. ^ Azhar M. A. "King Wajid Ali Shah of Awadh" Royal Book Co. 1982 Vol 1.
  11. ^ Shajraat Taiyyabaat "Genealogy of Saiyeds of Zaidpur." 1916.
  12. ^ a b "Anwaar-e-Qom" 1953.
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ "Proposed new hall in Danishmandaan." Izonecafe blog January 2013.
  15. ^ Blochmann H. "Geography and history of Bengal." Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1873 Vol 42(1) p210 accessed at Google Books 25 January 2014.
  16. ^ Bakhsh I. Khurshid Jahan Numa."
  17. ^ Karim A. Biography of Salim
  18. ^ Salim G. H. "Riyazu-s-salatin", (A History of Bengal). Packard Humanities Institute English translation.
  19. ^ [2] Amazon.com page.