Syed Zain ud din Daud was born at Shiraz in Hijri. 701 and went to Delhi by way of Mecca. He studied under Maulana Kamaluddin of Samana, and came with him to Daulatabad. The author of the "Mayrat-al Walayeh" mentions that Zainuddin on his arrival at Daulatabad, disapproved of the singing and dancing in the convent of Burhan uddin; but when he visited the " tekkieh", he was perfectly satisfied, and he and his companions were initiated in the Chishtia order. Syed Zain uddin held the office of "kazi" at Daulatabad, and in H. 737 was invested with the mantle of the kaliphat, but did not actually succeed till after Burhan ud din's death in H. 741. Syed Husain has recorded all the sayings of Zain uddin in his "Hidayat ul Kalul", and mentions that in H. 747, sultan Muhammad bin Tughluq directed him to leave for Delhi with the other inhabitants. After the death of the sultan, his successor Firoz Shah permitted the saint to return to Daulatabad.
Zain uddin was greatly respected by the Bahmani king sultan Mahmud, who was first reproved by the saint for misgovernment. Malik raja the founder of the Faruki dynasty of Kandesh became one of Zain uddin's disciples, and when the next sovereign Nasir ud din Nasir Khan Faruki captured Asirgarh in A.D. 1399, Zain uddin went expressly from Daulatabad to Asirgarh, to tender his congratulations. It was to commemorate this visit that the town of Zainabad, on the left bank of the Tapti, was founded after him; and Burhanpur on the opposite bank was founded about the same time in honor of Burhan ud din.
Zain uddin died in H. 771, and a handsome mausoleum was erected over his tomb at Roza, which is visited by devout Musalmans of the Dakhan. The relics of the "parahan" (the robe of the prophet) and "taj" given to Burhanu-d din on succeeding to the kaliphat, are carefully preserved in a wooden box placed in one of the apartments of Zain uddin's darga. Every year on the 12th Rabi-ul-awal, the sacred hair of the prophet is first shown to visitors, and then the "parahan", the " taj,' and a few likenesses of some of the most sacred personages among the Mahomedans are exhibited.
The tombs of Azam Shah, of his Begum, and of a Mahomedan saint, are in a small enclosure to the east of Zain uddin's mausoleum; while Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb's tomb lies to the west. Opposite this last is a large quadrangular courtyard, having open-fronted buildings on all sides, and a "nakar-khana" or music hall at the east end. The west end is used as a school where the Koran is taught, and gives access to an inner courtyard which contains a number of graves. Facing the entrance is the shrine of Burhan ud din; and a little to the right is the last resting-place of Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah I, the founder of the Hyderabad dynasty and of one of his consorts. To the left is the tomb of Nasir Jang, the son of 'Asaf Jah, who at one time contemplated rebellion against his father, but overcome by contrition for his conduct, performed penance at the tomb of saint Zain uddin.
- Gazetter of Aurangabad - H. H. The Nizam's Government 1884. (Chapter VI page 395 & 396)
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