Zaire Province

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For the country, see Zaire.
Zaire
Province
Zaire, province of Angola
Zaire, province of Angola
Country Angola
Capital M'banza-Kongo
Government
 • Governor José Joanes André
Area
 • Total 40,130 km2 (15,490 sq mi)
Population (2014 census)
 • Total 567,225
 • Density 14/km2 (37/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code AO-ZAI
Website www.zaire.gov.ao

Zaire is one of the 18 provinces of Angola. It occupies 40,130 square kilometres (15,490 sq mi) in the north west of the country and has a population of about 600,000 inhabitants. It is bordered on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, on the north by the Democratic Republic of Congo, on the east by the Uíge Province, and on the south by the Bengo Province.[1]

History[edit]

Main article: Kingdom of Kongo
Main article: Kongo people

The Bakongo people occupied the valley of the Congo River in the mid-thirteenth century, and formed the Kingdom of Kongo. This kingdom existed from 1390 until 1891 as an independent state, and from 1891 to 1914 as a vassal state of the Kingdom of Portugal.[2] In 1914, the Kongo monarchy was abolished, following the Portuguese victory against several revolts of this kingdom.[3]

During the Portuguese Colonial War, much of the Bakongo people fled to the then Zaire, leading to a considerable decrease of the presence presence of this ethnic group in Angolan soil. However, after the Independence of Angola, many refugees (and their descendants) returned to Angola.[2]

Monuments[edit]

Zaire Province has a rich historical and cultural heritage, namely:[4]

  • Kulumbimbi Museum: Ancient King's House in M'Banza Congo.
  • Yala Nkuw (Tree of force or blood): Place where the king of Kongo executed verdicts.
  • Ruins of the Cathedral: First Church of Angola, built in 1491. It was visited by Pope John Paul II.
  • Rico and Pinda Ports: They served as ports for exportation of slaves.
  • Ponta do Padrão: First port that served the Portuguese in 1482 for the discovery of Angola by Diogo Cão.

Geography[edit]

M'Banza Congo (formerly São Salvador do Congo) is the provincial capital. The city is located around 481 kilometres (299 mi) of Luanda and 314 kilometres (195 mi) of Uíge.

In total, the province of Zaire consists of 6 municipalities:

And it has 37 communes.[5]

Industries[edit]

  • Oil
  • Mining: asphalt, iron, phosphates, lead, zinc
  • Agriculture: cashew nuts, cassava, castor-oil, citrus fruits, coffee, massambala, palm oil, pineapples, peanuts, rice, soybeans, sweet potatoes
  • Cattle farming
  • Fishing
  • Production of construction materials
  • Deposits: gold, silver, diamond

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

Zaire Province is served by three airports. Soyo Airport and Mbanza Congo Airport have paved runways and regular flights to Luanda. N'zeto Airport has a grass strip runway and is used for private flights.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Province/Zaire". Welcome to Angola. 
  2. ^ a b Carlos Alberto Jr. (August 20, 2008). "Who are the Angolans" (in Portuguese). Diário da África. 
  3. ^ José Carlos de Oliveira (April 7, 2014). "Facts and Historical Documents Relating to the Kingdom of Kongo in the Early Twentieth Century" (in Portuguese). Portal do Uíge e da Cultura Kongo. 
  4. ^ "Zaire/Tourism/Monuments" (in Portuguese). Info-Angola. 
  5. ^ "Zaire" (in Portuguese). Info-Angola. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Elikia M'Bokolo (2003). África Negra. História das Civilizações, vol. I, Até ao Século XVIII. Lisboa: Vulgata (in Portuguese)
  • Elikia M'Bokolo (2007). África Negra. História das Civilizações, vol. II, Do Século XIX aos nossos dias. Lisboa: Colibri (in Portuguese)
  • Patrício Batsîkama (2010). As origens do Reino do Kongo. Luanda: Mayamba (in Portuguese)

External Links[edit]

Coordinates: 6°16′S 14°14′E / 6.267°S 14.233°E / -6.267; 14.233