Zaire ebolavirus

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Ebola virus disease
Classification and external resources
7042 lores-Ebola-Zaire-CDC Photo.jpg
1976 photograph of two nurses standing in front of Mayinga N'Seka diagnosed with a virus disease, which later was diagnosed as Zaire ebola. She died only a few days later because of severe internal bleeding and hemorrhaging
ICD-10 A98.4
ICD-9 065.8
DiseasesDB 18043
MedlinePlus 001339
eMedicine med/626
MeSH D019142
Species Zaire ebolavirus
Virus classification
Group: Group V ((-)ssRNA)
Order: Mononegavirales
Family: Filoviridae
Genus: Ebolavirus
Species: Zaire ebolavirus
Member virus (Abbreviation)

Ebola virus (EBOV)

Zaire ebolavirus is a virological taxon included in the genus Ebolavirus, family Filoviridae, order Mononegavirales. The species has a single virus member, Ebola virus (EBOV).[1] The members of the species are called Zaire ebolaviruses.[1] The name Zaire ebolavirus is derived from Zaire (the country in which Ebola virus was first discovered) and the taxonomic suffix ebolavirus (which denotes an ebolavirus species).[1] Zaire ebolavirus is pronounced zɑː’ɪər iːˌboʊlə’vɑɪrəs (IPA) or zah-eer ee-boh-luh-vahy-ruhs in English phonetic notation.[1] According to the rules for taxon naming established by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV), the name Zaire ebolavirus is always to be capitalized, italicized, never abbreviated, and to be preceded by the word "species". The names of its members (Zaire ebolaviruses) are to be capitalized, are not italicized, and used without articles.[1]

Previous designations[edit]

The species was introduced in 1998 as Zaire Ebola virus.[2][3] In 2002, the name was changed to Zaire ebolavirus.[4][5]

Species inclusion criteria[edit]

A virus of the genus Ebolavirus is a member of the species Zaire ebolavirus if:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Kuhn, Jens H.; Becker, Stephan; Ebihara, Hideki; Geisbert, Thomas W.; Johnson, Karl M.; Kawaoka, Yoshihiro; Lipkin, W. Ian; Negredo, Ana I et al. (2010). "Proposal for a revised taxonomy of the family Filoviridae: Classification, names of taxa and viruses, and virus abbreviations". Archives of Virology 155 (12): 2083–103. doi:10.1007/s00705-010-0814-x. PMC 3074192. PMID 21046175. 
  2. ^ Netesov, S. V.; Feldmann, H.; Jahrling, P. B.; Klenk, H. D.; Sanchez, A. (2000). "Family Filoviridae". In van Regenmortel, M. H. V.; Fauquet, C. M.; Bishop, D. H. L.; Carstens, E. B.; Estes, M. K.; Lemon, S. M.; Maniloff, J.; Mayo, M. A.; McGeoch, D. J. Virus Taxonomy—Seventh Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. San Diego, USA: Academic Press. pp. 539–48. ISBN 0-12-370200-3. 
  3. ^ Pringle, C. R. (1998). "Virus taxonomy-San Diego 1998". Archives of Virology 143 (7): 1449–59. doi:10.1007/s007050050389. PMID 9742051. 
  4. ^ Feldmann, H.; Geisbert, T. W.; Jahrling, P. B.; Klenk, H.-D.; Netesov, S. V.; Peters, C. J.; Sanchez, A.; Swanepoel, R. et al. (2005). "Family Filoviridae". In Fauquet, C. M.; Mayo, M. A.; Maniloff, J.; Desselberger, U.; Ball, L. A. Virus Taxonomy—Eighth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. San Diego, USA: Elsevier/Academic Press. pp. 645–653. ISBN 0122499514. 
  5. ^ Mayo, M. A. (2002). "ICTV at the Paris ICV: results of the plenary session and the binomial ballot". Archives of Virology 147 (11): 2254–60. doi:10.1007/s007050200052. 

External links[edit]