|Ebola virus disease|
|Classification and external resources|
1976 photograph of two nurses standing in front of Mayinga N'Seka diagnosed with a virus disease, which later was diagnosed as Zaire ebola. She died only a few days later because of severe internal bleeding and hemorrhaging
|Species Zaire ebolavirus|
|Group:||Group V ((-)ssRNA)|
|Member virus (Abbreviation)|
Ebola virus (EBOV)
Zaire ebolavirus is a virological taxon included in the genus Ebolavirus, family Filoviridae, order Mononegavirales. The species has a single virus member, Ebola virus (EBOV). The members of the species are called Zaire ebolaviruses. The name Zaire ebolavirus is derived from Zaire (the country in which Ebola virus was first discovered) and the taxonomic suffix ebolavirus (which denotes an ebolavirus species). Zaire ebolavirus is pronounced zɑː’ɪər iːˌboʊlə’vɑɪrəs (IPA) or zah-eer ee-boh-luh-vahy-ruhs in English phonetic notation. According to the rules for taxon naming established by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV), the name Zaire ebolavirus is always to be capitalized, italicized, never abbreviated, and to be preceded by the word "species". The names of its members (Zaire ebolaviruses) are to be capitalized, are not italicized, and used without articles.
Species inclusion criteria
- it is endemic in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and/or Gabon and/or the Republic of the Congo
- it has a genome with three gene overlaps (VP35/VP40, GP/VP30, VP24/L)
- it has a genomic sequence different from Ebola virus by <30%
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