Zakef gadol

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Zakef gadol
זָקֵף גָּד֕וֹל ֕ וְלִרְא֕וֹת
cantillation
Sof passuk ׃   paseq ׀
etnachta ֑   segol ֒
shalshelet ֓   zaqef qatan ֔
zaqef gadol ֕   tifcha ֖
revia ֗   zarqa ֘
pashta ֙   yetiv ֚
tevir ֛   geresh ֜
geresh muqdam ֝   gershayim ֞
qarney para ֟   telisha gedola ֠
pazer ֡   atnah hafukh ֢
munach ֣   mahapakh ֤
merkha ֥   merkha kefula ֦
darga ֧   qadma ֨
telisha qetana ֩   yerah ben yomo ֪
ole ֫   iluy ֬
dehi ֭   zinor ֮

Zakef Gadol (Hebrew: זָקֵף גָּדוֹל, with variant English spellings) is a cantillation mark that is commonly found in the Torah and Haftarah. It is represented by a vertical line on the left and two dots one on top of the other on the right.

The Zakef gadol is one of two versions of the Zakef trope. The other is the Zakef katan, part of the Katan group. A zakef segment, which includes either a zakef gadol or katan, will either be followed by another zakef segment or the Etnachta group, usually starting with a Mercha.[1]

The Zakef gadol generally functions as a separator between two segments of a verse.[2] Words that bear the zakef gadol are generally short with no preceding conjunctive.[3] It is used in situations where a Zakef katon would be expected, but where there is only a single word.[4]

The Hebrew word זָקֵף translates into English as upright. גָּד֕וֹל translates as large.

Total occurrences[edit]

Book Number of appearances
Torah 524[5]
   Genesis 175[5]
   Exodus 99[5]
   Leviticus 56[5]
   Numbers 125[5]
   Deuteronomy 69[5]
Nevi'im 395[6]
Ketuvim 312[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chanting the Hebrew Bible By Joshua R. Jacobson, page 148
  2. ^ The Art of Cantillation, Volume 2: A Step-By-Step Guide to Chanting Haftarot ... By Marshall Portnoy, Josée Wolff, page 36
  3. ^ Chanting the Hebrew Bible By Joshua R. Jacobson, page 117
  4. ^ Elements of Hebrew by an Inductive Method By William Rainey Harper, page 25
  5. ^ a b c d e f Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 6
  6. ^ a b Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 5