Zaki ur Rehman Lakhvi

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Zaki ur Rehman Lakhwi (born c. 1960), is a top leader of Lashkar-e-Taiba and currently serves as Supreme Commander of operations in Kashmir and as a member of LeT's General Council.[1] He is listed on the NIA Most Wanted list.

Lakhvi, said to be 48 years old as of December 2008, was born in the Okara district of Punjab, Pakistan.[2] He has directed military actions in Chechnya, Bosnia, Iraq and South-east Asia and is referred to as Chachu, or Uncle, by the young trainees.[2][3]

In 1999 at a three-day annual congregation held at Muridke, he explained the reason for fidayeen suicide squad missions in the aftermath of the Kargil War: "After the Pakistani withdrawal from Kargil and the Nawaz-Clinton statement in Washington, it was important to boost the morale of the Kashmiri people... These Fidayen missions were initiated to teach India a lesson as they were celebrating after the Kargil war`` [4] He said that the next target would be New Delhi.[5][when?]

In 2006, he asked LeT's members to begin training operatives for suicide bombings.[2] In the past, he told operatives to mount attacks in well-populated areas. Indian officials claim Lakhvi also oversaw Azam Cheema, who has been accused of being a leader in the 2006 bombing of the Mumbai rail network that killed more than 200 and left 700 injured.[2]

In May 2008, the US Treasury Department announced that it had frozen the assets of four Lashkar-e-Toiba leaders including Lakhvi.[3]

Involvement in November 2008 Mumbai Attacks[edit]

On December 3, 2008 Indian officials named him as one of four possible major planners behind the November 2008 Mumbai Attacks.[6] He reportedly offered to pay the family of Azam Amir Kasab the sum of Rs.150,000 for his participation in the attacks.[7] On December 7, 2008 Pakistani armed forces arrested Zaki ur Rehman Lakhvi in a raid on an LeT training camp near Muzafarabad in Pakistani Kashmir.[8] He was among 12 people detained.[9] Pakistan confirmed the arrest but refused to hand over any of its citizens to Indian authorities.[10] Officials stated that any Pakistani citizen accused of involvement in the attack would be tried in Pakistan.[11]

On February 12, 2009 Rehman Malik, adviser to the prime minister on the interior, stated that Lakhvi was still in custody and under investigation as the foremost mastermind behind the attacks.[12][13]

On 25 November 2009, a Pakistani anti-terrorism court formally charged seven suspects, including LeT commander Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi, with planning and helping execute the Mumbai attacks, an action that came a day before the first anniversary of the brazen assault.[14]

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi making a statement in the Lok Sabha condemning the bail to Lakhvi.

On 18 December 2014, two days after the Peshawar school attack where 132 school children were massacred by Pakistani Taliban, the Pakistani anti-terrorism court granted bail to Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi in Mumbai attacks case against payment of surety bonds worth Rs. 500,000.[15] On December 19, Zaki ur rehman lakhvi bail was rejected by the high court.[16] Pakistan assured that Lakhvi was not released and was in jail.[17] The step was called as 'positive' by Indian government[18] On 7 January 2015; Lakhvi bail was rejected by supreme court[19][20] and the case referred back to the high court, who reinstated the bail;[21] though he may still remain in jail for a month in a kidnapping case.[22][23][24] The surety bond required from Rehman Lakhvi has a value of INR200,000 (US$3,100).[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Terrorist Organization Member Profile: Zaki ur Rehman Lakhwi". National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism, University of Maryland. 2008-03-01. Retrieved 2008-12-04. [dead link]
  2. ^ a b c d Buncombe, Andrew (2008-12-08). "'Uncle' named as Mumbai terror conspirator". The Independent. Retrieved 2008-12-17. 
  3. ^ a b "US freezes assets of Lashkar leaders". The Economic Times. 2008-05-29. Retrieved 2009-01-27. 
  4. ^ "The Fidayen -- faithful to the death". Indian Express Newspapers (Bombay) Ltd. 1999-11-12. Retrieved 2009-01-27. 
  5. ^ "Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi, Ameer, Mujahideen-e-Lashker-e-Taiba". Archived from the original on 2000-01-26. Retrieved 2009-01-27. 
  6. ^ Rondeaux, Candace (2008-12-04). "Rice Increases Pressure on Pakistan". Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  7. ^ Swami, Praveen (2008-12-01). "Pakistan now holds the key to probe: investigators". The Hindu. Retrieved 2008-12-01. 
  8. ^ Singh, Harmeet Shah (2008-12-08). "Pakistan raids camp over Mumbai attacks". CNN. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  9. ^ Ahmad, Munir (2008-12-08). "Pakistan arrests suspected Mumbai plotter". AP. Retrieved 2008-12-08. [dead link]
  10. ^ "Pakistan snubs India over arrests". BBC News. 2008-12-09. Retrieved 2008-12-09. 
  11. ^ "Pakistan arrests Mumbai suspects". Al Jazeera. 2008-12-10. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  12. ^ Masood, Salman (2009-02-12). "Pakistan Announces Arrests for Mumbai Attacks". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-02-12. 
  13. ^ Haider, Kamran (2009-02-12). "Pakistan says it arrests Mumbai attack plotters". Reuters. Retrieved 2009-02-12. 
  14. ^ "Pak anti-terror court declares Lakhvi as 26/11 mastermind". Express India. 2009-11-25. Retrieved 2009-11-26. 
  15. ^ "ATC approves bail of Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi in Mumbai attacks case". Dawn News. 2014-12-18. Retrieved 2014-12-18. 
  16. ^ "Government detains Zakiur rehman lakhvi under maintance of public order". Express Tribune. 2014-12-19. Retrieved 2014-12-19. 
  17. ^ "Pakistan assures Lakhvi in jail". Zee news. 2014-12-21. Retrieved 2014-12-21. 
  18. ^ "Ajit Doval terms detention of Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi as 'positive'". Zee news. 2014-12-20. Retrieved 2014-12-20. 
  19. ^ "26/11 mastermind Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi to remain in jail, Pakistan Supreme Court rejects bail order". Ibnlive. 2015-01-07. Retrieved 2015-01-07. 
  20. ^ "26/11 plotter Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi to remain in jail". Times of India. 2015-01-07. Retrieved 2015-01-07. 
  21. ^ "Pak court grants bail to Mumbai terror attack accused Lakhvi". Yahoo! News (Yahoo!). Yahoo India. 9 January 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  22. ^ "Pakistan court grants bail to 26/11 mastermind Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi but he may stay in jail". CNN IBN. Jan 9, 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015. 
  23. ^ "Lakhvi gets bail, again". Dawn, Pakistan. Retrieved 9 January 2015. 
  24. ^ a b "26/11 mastermind Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi granted bail, but will remain in jail". Zee Media. January 10, 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2015.