Zala County (former)

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Zala County
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
12th century–1920

Coat of arms of Zala

Coat of arms

Location of Zala
Capital Zalaegerszeg
46°51′N 16°51′E / 46.850°N 16.850°E / 46.850; 16.850Coordinates: 46°51′N 16°51′E / 46.850°N 16.850°E / 46.850; 16.850
History
 -  Established 12th century
 -  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920
Area
 -  1910 5,995 km2 (2,315 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 466,333 
Density 77.8 /km2  (201.5 /sq mi)
Today part of Slovenia, Croatia, Hungary

Zala was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in southwestern Hungary, northern Croatia and eastern Slovenia. The territory of the county comprised what is now the Hungarian county Zala and part of Veszprém county, the Croatian region of Međimurje to the south-west of it, bordered by the river Drave, and a small region around Lendava in Slovenia. The capital of the county was Zalaegerszeg.

Geography[edit]

Zala county shared borders with the Austrian land Styria and the Hungarian counties Vas, Veszprém, Somogy, Belovár-Körös and Varasd (the latter two in Croatia-Slavonia). The river Drave formed its southern border, Lake Balaton its eastern border. The rivers Mura and Zala flowed through the county. Its area was 5974 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

Zala county arose as one of the first comitati of the Kingdom of Hungary.

In 1918 (confirmed by the Treaty of Trianon 1920), the south-west of the county became part of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Yugoslavia). The remainder stayed in Hungary. Yugoslavian part of it was occupied again by Hungary between 1941 and 1945 during World War II. In 1950, as part of the Communist reforms of local government, the county's borders were re-drawn again. A small part of former Vas county, north of Zalaegerszeg, went to Zala county. The part of Zala county north of Lake Balaton went to Veszprém County.

Since 1991, when Slovenia and Croatia became independent from Yugoslavia, the part of former Zala county between the rivers Mura and Drave is part of Croatia (region of Međimurje). The area around Lendava is in Slovenia.

Demographics[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 437,116 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county had 466,333 inhabitants.

Population by language (1910 census):[3]

Population by religion (1910 census):[4]

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Zala county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Alsólendva Alsólendva, SI Lendava
Balatonfüred Balatonfüred
Csáktornya Csáktornya, HR Čakovec
Keszthely Keszthely
Letenye Letenye
Nagykanizsa Nagykanizsa
Nova Nova
Pacsa Pacsa
Perlak Perlak, HR Prelog
Sümeg Sümeg
Tapolca Tapolca
Zalaegerszeg Zalaegerszeg
Zalaszentgrót Zalaszentgrót
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Nagykanizsa
Zalaegerszeg

The towns of Prelog and Čakovec are in Croatia; Lendava is in Slovenia.

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ [2]