Zaluzianskya

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Zaluzianskya
ZaluzianskyaDentata.JPG
Zaluzianskya dentata, Illustration from Marloth[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Genus: Zaluzianskya
F.W.Schmidt
Species

See text.

Zaluzianskya spp.

Zaluzianskya is a genus of flowering plants now regarded as being a member of the Scrophulariaceae, the figwort family. The genus is endemic to Southern Africa and includes some described sixty species.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Zaluzianskya was named in honour of Adam Zaluziansky von Zaluzian, 1558–1613, a physician of Prague, author of Methodus Herbariae, 1592.[3] Zaluziansky seems to have been a deservedly prominent botanist in his day, with some views on taxonomy quite advanced for his time.[4]

Pollinators[edit]

Superficially the shape of the flowers is strikingly phlox-like, hence the designation 'Night Phlox', for their evening fragrance. The fragrance after dark suggests that in nature the species in question are pollinated by moths, whereas day-pollinated species often have little or no obvious scent. Research is in progress on the ecological and evolutionary relationships between some members of the genus and specialist long-tongued pollinators, particularly night flying hawk moths (Family Sphingidae) and flies in the families Nemestrinidae, Tabanidae, and Bombyliidae.[5][6][7] Day-flying hawk moths, such as the genus Macroglossum (Hummingbird Hawk Moths) also seem to be significant pollinators of many species of Zaluzianskya.

Cultivation[edit]

Zaluzianskya species have not been of horticultural significance until recently. Zaluzianskya rubrostellata is cultivated as an annual herbaceous ornamental plant.[8]

Species[edit]

Species include
Zaluzianskya spp.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marloth, Rudolf. “The Flora of South Africa” 1932 Pub. Cape Town: Darter Bros. London: Wheldon & Wesley.
  2. ^ Arnold T.H., de Wet B.C. (Eds), Plants of Southern Africa: Names & Distribution, MEMOIRS OF THE BOTANICAL SURVEY OF SOUTH AFRICA No. 62, Pub.National Botanical Institute, South Africa.1993 ISBN 1-874907-03-X
  3. ^ CHITTENDEN, FRED J. Ed., Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening, Oxford 1951
  4. ^ Debus, Allen G., Man and nature in the Renaissance, Cambridge 1978 ISBN 0-521-29328-6
  5. ^ Picker, M., Griffiths, C., Weaving, A. Field Guide to the Insects of South Africa, Struik 2003. www.struik.co.za
  6. ^ Bruce Anderson, Steven D. Johnson, J. Kohn, The Geographical Mosaic Of Coevolution In A Plant–Pollinator Mutualism, Evolution, Jan 2008 : Vol. 62, Issue 1, pg(s) 220-225
  7. ^ S. D. Johnson, . J. Edwards, . Carbutt and C. Potgieter. Specialization for hawkmoth and long-proboscid fly pollination in Zaluzianskya. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol 138 pp 17–27 March 2002
  8. ^ Blanket Wrap:Zaluzianskya rubrostellata

External links[edit]