Zamarski

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Zamarski
Village
Saint Roch wooden church
Saint Roch wooden church
Coat of arms of Zamarski
Coat of arms
Zamarski is located in Poland
Zamarski
Zamarski
Coordinates: 49°46′56.34″N 18°40′16.10″E / 49.7823167°N 18.6711389°E / 49.7823167; 18.6711389
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
County Cieszyn
Gmina Hażlach
First mentioned 1223
Government
 • Mayor Iwona Boruta
Area 8.64 km2 (3.34 sq mi)
Elevation 388 m (1,273 ft)
Population (2008) 1,286
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 43-419
Car plates SCI

About this sound Zamarski  is a village in Gmina Hażlach, Cieszyn County in Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland. It has a population of 1,286 (2008). It lies in the Silesian Foothills and in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.

The name is of topographic origin derived from Proto-Slavic words marsk, zmarsk (zamarsk).[1]

History[edit]

The village was first mentioned in a document of Bishop of Wrocław issued on 23 May 1223 for Norbertine Sisters in Rybnik among villages paying them a tithe, as Zamaischi.[2][3]

Politically it belonged then to the Duchy of Opole and Racibórz and the Castellany of Cieszyn, which was in 1290 formed in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland into the Duchy of Teschen, ruled by a local branch of Silesian Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of the Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became a part of the Habsburg Monarchy.

After the 1540s Protestant Reformation prevailed in the Duchy of Teschen and a local Catholic church (branch of Teschen parish) was taken over by Lutherans. It was taken from them (as one from around fifty buildings in the region) by a special commission and given back to the Roman Catholic Church on 18 April 1654.[4]

After Revolutions of 1848 in the Austrian Empire a modern municipal division was introduced in the re-established Austrian Silesia. The village as a municipality was subscribed to the political and legal district of Cieszyn. According to the censuses conducted in 1880, 1890, 1900 and 1910 the population of the municipality grew from 845 in 1880 to 858 in 1910 with the majority being native Polish-speakers (between 95.3% and 99.2%) accompanied by a small German-speaking minority (at most 40 or 4.7% in 1880 then dropping to between 0.8% and 1.5%). In terms of religion in 1910 the majority were Roman Catholics (55.1%), followed by Protestants (44.1%) and Jews (7 people).[5] The village was also traditionally inhabited by Cieszyn Vlachs, speaking Cieszyn Silesian dialect.

After World War I, fall of Austria-Hungary, Polish–Czechoslovak War and the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920, it became a part of Poland. It was then annexed by Nazi Germany at the beginning of World War II. After the war it was restored to Poland.

Landmarks[edit]

A wooden Saint Roch Catholic church built in 1731.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Mrózek, Robert (1984). Nazwy miejscowe dawnego Śląska Cieszyńskiego [Local names of former Cieszyn Silesia] (in Polish). Katowice: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach. p. 192. ISSN 0208-6336. 
  2. ^ Panic, Idzi (2000). "Z badań nad osadami zanikłymi na Górnym Śląsku w średniowieczu. Uwagi w sprawie istnienia zaginionych wsi podcieszyńskich, Nageuuzi, Suenschizi, suburbium, Radouiza, Zasere, Clechemuje oraz Novosa". Pamiętnik Cieszyński (Polskie Towarzystwo Historyczne Oddział w Cieszynie) (15): 29–37. ISSN 0137-558X. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 294. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5. 
  4. ^ Broda, Jan (1992). "Materiały do dziejów Kościoła ewangelickiego w Księstwie Cieszyńskim i Państwie Pszczyńskim w XVI i XVII wieku". Z historii Kościoła ewangelickiego na Śląsku Cieszyńskim (in Polish). Katowice: Dom Wydawniczy i Księgarski „Didache“. pp. 259–260. ISBN 83-85572-00-7. 
  5. ^ Piątkowski, Kazimierz (1918). Stosunki narodowościowe w Księstwie Cieszyńskiem (in Polish). Cieszyn: Macierz Szkolna Księstwa Cieszyńskiego. pp. 266, 284. 

References[edit]