|• Total||103,478 km2 (39,953 sq mi)|
|Population (2007 census)|
|• Density||37/km2 (96/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||(+258) 24|
Zambezia is the second most-populous province of Mozambique, located in the central coastal region south-west of Nampula Province and north-east of Sofala Province. It has a population of 3,85 million (census 2007). The provincial capital is Quelimane on the Bons Sinais River.
Agricultural products include rice, maize, cassava, cashews, sugarcane, coconuts, citrus, cotton, and tea; the country's largest tea estates are at Gurúè. Fishing is especially productive of shrimp, and gemstones are mined at several sites.
Vasco da Gama landed at the site of Quelimane in 1498. Shortly after, the Portuguese established a permanent presence, and many moved up the Zambezi into the interior, for many years the farthest inland European presence (although over time there was much intermarrying, and few residents were of purely Portuguese descent).
The sixteen districts of Zambezia Province comprise:
- Alto Molocue District - with an area of 6,386 km² and 278,064 population,
- Chinde District - with an area of 4,403 km² and 121,173 population,
- Gilé District - with an area of 8,875 km² and 168,962 population,
- Gurué District - with an area of 5,606 km² and 302,948 population,
- Ile District - with an area of 5,589 km² and 292,504 population,
- Inhassunge District - with an area of 745 km² and 91,989 population,
- Lugela District - with an area of 6,178 km² and 137,040 population,
- Maganja da Costa District - with an area of 7,597 km² and 282,173 population,
- Milange District - with an area of 9,794 km² and 515,029 population,
- Mocuba District - with an area of 8,867 km² and 306,543 population,
- Mopeia District - with an area of 7,614 km² and 115,614 population,
- Morrumbala District - with an area of 12,972 km² and 361,896 population,
- Namacurra District - with an area of 1,798 km² and 179,133 population,
- Namarroi District - with an area of 3,019 km² and 127,651 population,
- Nicoadala District - with an area of 3,582 km² and 232,929 population,
- Pebane District - with an area of 9,985 km² and 186,330 population.
In addition, there is one municipality - the city of Quelimane - with an area of 117 km² and 192,876 population.
The above district populations are from the provisional results of the September 2007 Census.
- (Portuguese) Province of Zambezia official site
- (Portuguese) Zambezia Online