Zambian general election, 2001

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General elections were held in Zambia on 27 December 2001 to elect a President and National Assembly. The result was a victory for the ruling Movement for Multi-Party Democracy, which won 69 of the 150 National Assembly seats and whose candidate, Levy Mwanawasa, won the presidential vote.

The results of the elections were disputed by main opposition parties, including the United Party for National Development, which many observers claim had actually won the elections.[1] Both domestic and international election monitors cited serious irregularities with the campaign and election, including vote rigging, flawed voter registration, unequal and biased media coverage, and the MMD's improper use of state resources. In January 2002, three opposition candidates petitioned the Supreme Court to overturn Mwanawasa's victory. While the court agreed that the poll was flawed, it ruled in February 2005 that the irregularities did not affect the results and declined the petition.[2]

Results[edit]

Presidential election[edit]

Candidates Party/Coalition Votes %
Levy Mwanawasa Movement for Multiparty Democracy 506,694 28.69
Anderson Mazoka United Party for National Development 472,697 26.76
Christon Tembo Forum for Democracy and Development 228,861 12.96
Tilyenji Kaunda United National Independence Party 175,898 9.96
Godfrey Miyanda Heritage Party 140,678 7.96
Benjamin Mwila Zambia Republican Party 85,472 4.84
Michael Sata Patriotic Front 59,172 3.35
Nevers Mumba National Citizens' Coalition 38,860 2.20
Gwendoline Konie Social Democratic Party 10,253 0.58
Inonge Mbikusita-Lewanika Agenda for Zambia 9,882 0.56
Yobert Shamapande National Leadership for Development 9,481 0.54
Invalid/blank votes 28,408
Total 1,737,948 100
Source: EISA

National Assembly elections[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Movement for Multi-Party Democracy 490,680 28.02 69
United Party for National Development 416,236 23.77 49
Forum for Democracy and Development 272,817 15.58 12
United National Independence Party 185,535 10.59 13
Heritage Party 132,311 7.55 4
Zambia Republic Party 97,010 5.54 1
Independents 59,335 3.39 1
Patriotic Front 49,362 2.82 1
National Citizens' Coalition 35,632 2.03 0
Zambia Alliance for Progress 3,963 0.23 0
National Leadership for Development 3,155 0.18 0
Agenda for Zambia 2,832 0.16 0
National Party 1,228 0.07 0
Social Democratic Party 809 0.05 0
Liberal Progressive Front 175 0.01 0
Zambia United Development Party 138 0.01 0
Democratic Party 115 0.01 0
Zambia Progressive Party 19 0 0
Presidential appointees - - 8
Appointed speaker - - 1
Blank/invalid votes 34,133 - -
Total 1,751,352 100 159
Source: EISA

References[edit]