Zamboanga del Norte

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Zamboanga del Norte
Lalawigan sa Zamboanga del Norte
Lalawigan ng Zamboanga del Norte
Flag of Zamboanga del Norte
Official seal of Zamboanga del Norte
Map of the Philippines with Zamboanga del Norte highlighted
Map of the Philippines with Zamboanga del Norte highlighted
Coordinates: 6°34′50″N 122°02′16″E / 6.58056°N 122.03778°E / 6.58056; 122.03778Coordinates: 6°34′50″N 122°02′16″E / 6.58056°N 122.03778°E / 6.58056; 122.03778
Country  Philippines
Region Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX)
Founded June 23, 1635 and June 6, 1952
Capital Dipolog City
 • Type Province of the Philippines
 • Governor Roberto Y. Uy (LP)
 • Vice Governor Senen O. Angeles (LP)
 • Total 7,301.0 km2 (2,818.9 sq mi)
Area rank 10th out of 80
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 957,997
 • Rank 26th out of 80
 • Density 130/km2 (340/sq mi)
 • Density rank 58th out of 80
 • Independent cities 0
 • Component cities 2
 • Municipalities 25
 • Barangays 691
 • Districts 3 districts of Zamboanga del Norte
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ISO 3166 code PH-ZAN

Zamboanga del Norte (Filipino; Hilagang Samboanga, Standard Subanen: Utara Sembwangan, Cebuano: Amihanang Zamboanga) is a province of the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Its capital is Dipolog City and the province borders Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga Sibugay to the south and Misamis Occidental to the east. The Sulu Sea lies to the northwest of Zamboanga del Norte. Zamboanga del Norte is the largest province of Zamboanga Peninsula in terms of land area.


Zamboanga del Norte comprises the northern portion of the Zamboanga Peninsula. It is bounded on the north and west by the Sulu Sea, on the east by Misamis Occidental, and on the south by Zamboanga del Sur.

The province occupies a total land area of 6,618 square kilometres (2,555 sq mi). It has an average elevation of 243.8 metres (800 ft), with Mount Dabiak in Katipunan as the highest peak at 2,600 metres (8,500 ft). Other parts, near the coastlines, are plains. The province's irregular coastline runs some 400 kilometres (250 mi) from north to south.

Zamboanga del Norte has a mild and moderate climate due to evenly distributed rainfall throughout the year. Its southern portion has a longer dry season.


Political map of Zamboanga del Norte

Zamboanga del Norte is subdivided into 25 municipalities and 2 cities. These are further subdivided into 691 barangays, and clustered into 3 congressional districts.



Largest Barangays of Zamboanga del Norte[edit]

Barangay Municipality Population
Poblacion Siocon 6,828
Manaol Siocon 5,216
Tabayo Siocon 4,763
Baybay Liloy 4,684
Candiz Siocon 4,683
Malintubuan Labason 4,533
Poblacion Kalawit 4,474
Poblacion Jose Dalman 4,291
Fatima Liloy 4,162
Lopoc Labason 4,161
Guibo Siayan 4,160
Langatian Pres. Manuel Roxas 4,095
Poblacion Manukan 3,959
Antonino Labason 3,922
Poblacion Leon Postigo 3,861


Further information: Zamboanga (province)

Indigenous encestral Domain (Glupa Pusaka)[2] of the Subanon/Subanen Lumad. Since they are carved out and included in under Region 9, they missed the protection granted by the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act or IPRA Law that accords tribal minorities rights and privileges allowing them control over their ancestral lands. This law of only applied in the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao ARMM.

The early history of Zamboanga del Norte is shared with that of Zamboanga City, which had been the center of the entire Mindanao area, most notably during the American era. When Zamboanga City became a chartered city on October 12, 1936, it encompassed the southern tip of the Zamboanga Peninsula and the island of Basilan, making it the largest city in the world in terms of land area.

When Basilan was made into a separate Chartered City, and further, when Republic Act No. 711,[3] issued on June 6, 1952, created two more provinces out of Zamboanga City. One of these provinces was Zamboanga del Norte.



Zamboanga del Norte has a population of 957,997 according to the 2010 census.[1] Its population density is 130/km². It is ranked 26th among the provinces both in terms of population and population density. Population trend:

  • Population in 2010: 957,997
  • Population in 2007: 907,238
  • Population in 2000: 823,130
  • Population in 1995: 770,697
  • Population in 1990: 676,862

The main language spoken is Cebuano. Other languages include Suban-on, Tausug, Zamboangueño, Tagalog, Spanish, and English.


About half of the province's land area is devoted to agriculture. Corn, coconut, and rice are the major crops. The province being rich in marine and mineral sources, its fish production has accelerated through the development of fishponds. Commercial fishing has likewise steadily increased through the years, with the yellow fin tuna as the primary species.

In 2006, a study by National Statistics Coordination Board (NSCB), found Zamboanga del Norte Province to be the Philippines' poorest province with a poverty incidence rate of 64.6%, an increase from 47% in year 2000 statistical figures.[4]

Despite of its rich and sea and land resources, it is still the poorest province incident rate of 64.6%. Large foreign mining companies are in the causing adverse effect to the culture and traditions of the indigenous Subanon and even the poor Settlers.[5]

Newspapers & Broadcast Media[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 27 October 2012. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ "REPUBLIC ACT NO. 711 REPUBLIC ACT NO. 711 - AN ACT TO CREATE THE PROVINCES OF ZAMBOANGA DEL NORTE AND ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 28 September 2013. 
  4. ^ "Ten poorest provinces in 2003". Press Release. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. 6 June 2006. Retrieved 27 October 2012. 
  5. ^

External links[edit]