Zambujeira do Mar

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Coordinates: 37°31′31″N 8°47′03″W / 37.52528°N 8.78417°W / 37.52528; -8.78417
Zambujeira do Mar
Civil parish (Freguesia)
Zambujeira.jpg
An image of the main settlement of Zambujeira do Mar, a clifftop grouping of residences and commerce
Coat of arms
Official name: Freguesia de Zambujeira do Mar
Country  Portugal
Region Alentejo
Subregion Alentejo Litoral
District Beja
Municipality Odemira
Localities Alpenduradas, Bencaniz, Carvalhal da Rocha, Daroeira, Entrada da Barca, Sardanito, Touril, Valas, Vale Figueira
Center Zambujeira do Mar
 - coordinates 37°31′31″N 8°47′03″W / 37.52528°N 8.78417°W / 37.52528; -8.78417
Lowest point Sea level
 - location Atlantic Ocean, Zambujeira do Mar>, Odemira
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Area 40.975 km2 (16 sq mi)
Population 2,011 (911)
LAU Freguesia/Junta Freguesia
 - location Rua do Sol Nascente Lote 118, Zambujeira do Mar>, Odemira
Timezone WET (UTC0)
 - summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)
ISO 3166-2 code PT-
Postal zone 7630-801 Odemira
Area code & prefix (+351) 283 XX XX XX
Demonym Zambujeirense
Patron saint Nossa Senhora do Mar
Parish address Rua do Sol Nascente Lote 118
7630-801 Odemira
Statistics: Instituto Nacional de Estatística[1]
Geographic detail from CAOP (2010)[2] produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)

Zambujeira do Mar is a civil parish located in the municipality (concelho) of Odemira in the Portuguese Alentejo region. The smallest parish in the municipality, with a population of 911 inhabitants, dispersed over an area of 40.975 square kilometres (15.821 sq mi).

History[edit]

The most recent civil parish established in Odemira, Zambujeira do Mar was deannexed from the neighbouring civil parish of São Teotónio on 30 June 1989.[3]

Geography[edit]

As its name implies, Zambujeira do Mar is located along the western coast of the Alentejo, south of Cabo Sardão, an area cut by various valleys, cliffs and faults, interspersed by small beaches consisting of clear fine sands, such as Zambujeira, Alteirinhos, Nossa Senhora e Tonel.[3] The coast of Zambujeira is included within the Nature Park of the Southwest Alentejo and St. Vincent Coast (Parque Natural do Sudoeste Alentejano e Costa Vicentina), covering the various folding clifftops and small beaches/coves of the coast. In addition to the central coastal beach of Zambujeira, the beaches of Alteirinhos, Nossa Senhora, Arquinha and Tonel are geologically significant, as well as attracting summer tourists and vacationers.

Economy[edit]

The principal activity in the parish is tourism, although agriculture, cattle breeding and fishing are common activities for the industrial sectors of the economy.[3] There are four ports along the coast that shelter the fishery ships in the area called Entradas da Barca.[3] By the last half of the 20th century, rural tourism began to punctuate some of the areas of the parish, concentrated on providing quality leisure services associated with rural/farm activities.[3]

Architecture[edit]

Chapel of Nossa Senhora do Mar, the white-washed simple nave temple dedicated to Our Lady of the Sea

Visitors to the parish, apart from the beaches, can visit many of the architecturally significant buildings in the region, including the square of the Chapel of Nossa Senhora do Mar,[4] and the historical fountains of Amores and Santa Catarina.[3]

Culture[edit]

August is the primary period of cultural activities for the parish, and includes: the summer music Festival do Sudoeste starting on first Thursday of the month (situated some kilometres from the centre); on 15 August, are the religious festivals of the region, dedicated the patron saint Nossa Senhora do Mar (Our Lady of the Sea); finally, on 29 August is annual fair.[3]

The popular event Festival Sudoeste (or simply the Southwest Festival), is one of the biggest summer music festivals in Portugal.[3] During the four day event, both national and international bands present concerts through the day and evening, without stopping, supported by world-renowned DJs. Past performers to this event have included many names from the world of indie and rock music including Marilyn Manson, Oasis, Ben Harper, Muse, Fatboy Slim, Doves, Basement Jaxx, and Black Uhuru.

Two organizations have been identified, the Associação Cultural e Recreativa Zambujeirense (Zambujeiran Cultural and Recreation Association) and Associação de Solidariedade Social de Zambujeira do Mar (Association of Social Solidarity of Zambujeira do Mar) which promote recreational, cultural and sporting activities in the community.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ INE, ed. (2010), Censos 2011 - Resultadas Preliminares [2011 Census - Preliminary Results] (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, retrieved 1 January 2012 
  2. ^ IGP, ed. (2010), Carta Administrativa Oficial de Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Geográfico Português, retrieved 1 July 2011 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Câmara Municipal, ed. (2011). "Zambujeira do Mar" (in Portuguese). Zambujeira do Mar (Odemira), Portugal: Câmara Municipal de Odemira. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  4. ^ Gordalina, Rosário (2002), SIPA, ed., Capela de Nossa Senhora do Mar (PT040211140021) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 6 May 2012