The Zanaki are an ethnic and linguistic group from the heart of Mara Region, Tanzania, to the east of Lake Victoria. In 1987 the Zanaki population was estimated to number 62,000. The group is subdivided into the Birus and the Buturis.
Julius Nyerere (1922–1999), the founder and first president of Tanzania was a Zanaki and was the son of the King Burito Nyerere (1860–1942), who was chief of the Zanaki and Christina Mgaya wa Nyang'ombe (1897-1997), the grandson is today the elder prince Kiboko Nyerere. They are closely related to the Kisii, or Abagusii community of the neighboring Kenya with a lot of commanalities in culture and language. It is even rumoured that Chief Nyerere, the father to the founding president was originally from Kisii, Kenya.
- Olson, James Stuart (1996). The peoples of Africa: an ethnohistorical dictionary. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 609. ISBN 0-313-27918-7.
- Clagett Taylor, James (1963). The political development of Tanganyika. Stanford University Press. p. 95. ISBN 0-8047-0147-4.
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