Zande language

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Zande
Pazande
Native to Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, South Sudan
Ethnicity Zande people
Native speakers
unknown (undated figure of 1.1 million)[1]
Niger–Congo
Language codes
ISO 639-3 zne
Glottolog zand1248[2]

Zande is the largest of the Zande languages. It is spoken by the Azande, primarily in the northeast of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and western South Sudan, but also in the eastern part of the Central African Republic.

Word list[edit]

Some vocabulary:[3]

  • aboro – people
  • ami – they (applying to animals)
  • ani, a – we
  • areme – today
  • ari – high
  • ba – father
  • bagunda – heart
  • bambu – house
  • bangiri pia – east
  • bangirise – eye
  • báwe – ten
  • be – arm, hand
  • bi – see
  • biama – four
  • biata – three
  • -bira – to be black
  • bire, bere – forest
  • bisua bati biata, muambi – eight
  • bisua bati ue, saba – seven
  • bisua bati biama, ribua – nine
  • bisue bati sa, sita – six
  • boro – person, man
  • de – woman
  • di – valley
  • dia, da – wife
  • dioyo – west
  • diwi – moon, month
  • ga Mbori bambu – church
  • gangara – hill
  • garã – year, dry season
  • gbanga – horn
  • gbuku – forest
  • gbundu – forest
  • gunde – fear
  • i, yo – they (persons)
  • ida – believe
  • ime – water
  • kama – a hundred
  • keda – send
  • kerekuru – star
  • kibire – forest
  • kisanga – island
  • ko – he
  • kparabe – hand
  • kpendue – foot
  • kperekese – everyone
  • kpetebe – hand
  • kure – blood
  • mbia – mountain, rocky hill
  • Mbori – God
  • mi – I, me
  • mo – you, singular
  • na, a, ki – and
  • ndue – foot
  • ngba – mouth
  • ngbarago – joy
  • ngbongbo – valley
  • ngera – see
  • ngua – tree
  • niumbaha - rare/unusual
    The bat Niumbaha superba, named after the Zande word niumbaha.
    [4]
  • -ni – he, she (indefinite)
  • ome – air
  • oni – you, plural
  • paga – bridge
  • pai – word
  • rago, ra'o, rame – day
  • ri – head; she
  • rimo – name
  • sa – one
  • sende – earth
  • si – they, neuter
  • si, ti – it (subject)
  • tue – ear
  • -u – he, she (in reported speech)
  • u – it (animal subject)
  • ue – two
  • uroyo – east
  • uru – sun, day
  • -vura – to be white
  • we – fire
  • wiri – son
  • zamba – red
  • zande – person, man

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zande language reference at Ethnologue (14th ed., 2000)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Zande". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Rev. Canon & Mrs. E.C. Gore, revised H.B.Bullen, Zande Dictionary, The Sheldon Press 1952.
  4. ^ Reeder, D.; Helgen, K. M.; Vodzak, M.; Lunde, D.; Ejotre, I. (2013). "A new genus for a rare African vespertilionid bat: Insights from South Sudan". ZooKeys 285: 89. doi:10.3897/zookeys.285.4892.  edit

External links[edit]