Zanesville, Ohio

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To be distinguished from Zanesfield, Ohio.
Zanesville, Ohio
City
Muskingum County courthouse
Muskingum County courthouse
Location of Zanesville, Ohio
Location of Zanesville, Ohio
Coordinates: 39°56′46″N 82°0′44″W / 39.94611°N 82.01222°W / 39.94611; -82.01222Coordinates: 39°56′46″N 82°0′44″W / 39.94611°N 82.01222°W / 39.94611; -82.01222
Country United States
State Ohio
County Muskingum
Government
 • Mayor Jeff Tilton
Area[1]
 • Total 12.14 sq mi (31.44 km2)
 • Land 11.77 sq mi (30.48 km2)
 • Water 0.37 sq mi (0.96 km2)
Elevation[2] 676 ft (206 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 25,487
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 25,411
 • Density 2,165.4/sq mi (836.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 43701-43702
Area code(s) 740
FIPS code 39-88084[5]
GNIS feature ID 1071002[2]
Website http://www.coz.org/

Zanesville is a city in and the county seat of Muskingum County, Ohio, United States.[6] The population was 25,487 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Zanesville was named after Ebenezer Zane, who had constructed Zane's Trace, a pioneer road from Wheeling, VA (now WVa) to Maysville, KY through present-day Ohio. In 1797, he gave land as payment to his son-in-law, John McIntire (1747–1811), at the point where Zane's Trace met the Muskingum River. With Zane's help, McIntire plotted out the town and opened an inn and ferry by 1799. In 1801, Zanesville was officially renamed from Westbourne (Zane's chosen town name).

From 1810–1812, the city was the second state capital of Ohio.[7] The National Road runs through Zanesville as U.S. Route 40. The city grew quickly in the 1820s - 1850's. Over 5000 Union soldiers, along with hundreds of town folks were stationed in the Zanesville area to protect the city in 1863 during Morgan's Raid. Novelist Zane Grey, a descendant of the Zane family, was born in the city.

The city has two engineering landmarks: the Muskingum River Canal, designated a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark; and the Zanesville Y-Bridge, the only such structure in the United States still in use. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Colony Square Mall opened in 1981.

Geography[edit]

Zanesville is located at 39°56′46″N 82°0′44″W / 39.94611°N 82.01222°W / 39.94611; -82.01222 (39.946049, −82.012150),[8] along the Muskingum River at its confluence with the Licking River. It lies within the ecoregion of the Western Allegheny Plateau.[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.14 square miles (31.44 km2), of which, 11.77 square miles (30.48 km2) is land and 0.37 square miles (0.96 km2) is water.[1]

The area has important deposits of clay which were exploited by a number of pottery companies in the first half of the twentieth century. Famous companies included Roseville pottery, Weller pottery, the J.B. Owens Pottery Company, the Zanesville Stoneware Company, the Mosaic Tile Company, the American Encaustic Tiling Co., and the T.B. Townsend Brick Yard under the ownership of T.B. Townsend.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Zanesville, Ohio (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 37.1
(2.8)
41.1
(5.1)
51.4
(10.8)
63.3
(17.4)
72.2
(22.3)
80.4
(26.9)
83.7
(28.7)
82.8
(28.2)
76.0
(24.4)
64.5
(18.1)
52.9
(11.6)
40.6
(4.8)
62.2
(16.8)
Average low °F (°C) 20.5
(−6.4)
22.9
(−5.1)
30.1
(−1.1)
39.7
(4.3)
49.0
(9.4)
58.0
(14.4)
62.2
(16.8)
60.6
(15.9)
52.9
(11.6)
41.7
(5.4)
33.5
(0.8)
24.6
(−4.1)
41.3
(5.2)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.66
(67.6)
2.17
(55.1)
3.00
(76.2)
3.44
(87.4)
4.19
(106.4)
4.04
(102.6)
3.79
(96.3)
3.23
(82)
3.01
(76.5)
2.61
(66.3)
3.14
(79.8)
2.58
(65.5)
37.86
(961.7)
Snowfall inches (cm) 7.2
(18.3)
4.2
(10.7)
3.8
(9.7)
1.6
(4.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
.1
(0.3)
.9
(2.3)
3.4
(8.6)
21.2
(54)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 13.4 10.9 12.2 13.0 13.2 11.3 10.6 9.5 8.9 9.6 11.2 12.7 136.5
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 7.7 4.5 3.7 .8 0 0 0 0 0 .1 1.5 4.2 22.5
Source: NOAA[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,052
1830 3,094 50.8%
1840 4,766 54.0%
1850 7,929 66.4%
1860 9,229 16.4%
1870 10,011 8.5%
1880 18,113 80.9%
1890 21,009 16.0%
1900 23,538 12.0%
1910 28,026 19.1%
1920 29,569 5.5%
1930 36,440 23.2%
1940 37,500 2.9%
1950 40,517 8.0%
1960 39,077 −3.6%
1970 33,045 −15.4%
1980 28,600 −13.5%
1990 26,778 −6.4%
2000 25,586 −4.5%
2010 25,487 −0.4%
Est. 2012 25,411 −0.3%
Sources:[11][12][13][14]

In the 1950s, Zanesville was known for its population of light-skinned blacks who could "pass" (be admitted to whites-only places). This characteristic was due to a history of racial intermixing dating back to Zanesville's role as a stop on the Underground Railroad.[15]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 25,487 people, 10,864 households, and 6,176 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,165.4 inhabitants per square mile (836.1 /km2). There were 12,385 housing units at an average density of 1,052.3 per square mile (406.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.4% White, 9.7% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 4.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 10,864 households of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.1% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.2% were non-families. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the city was 36.3 years. 25.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.6% were from 25 to 44; 24.5% were from 45 to 64; and 15.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 25,586 people, 10,572 households, and 6,438 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,276.8 people per square mile (878.9/km²). There were 11,662 housing units at an average density of 1,037.8 per square mile (400.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.48% White, 10.76% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 2.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population.

There were 10,572 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.5% were married couples living together, 18.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 85.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,642, and the median income for a family was $31,932. Males had a median income of $27,902 versus $20,142 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,192. About 19.3% of families and 22.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.3% of those under age 18 and 14.8% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

The Muskingum River Canal, a major transportation artery in Zanesville in the nineteenth century

The city is served by Zanesville Municipal Airport.

The city is also served by several railroad lines.

Interstate 70 (I-70), a major east-west interstate highway, passes through the city. Closely paralleling I-70 is US 40, which roughly follows the route of the original National Road. From the southwest, another US highway, US 22, approaches from Cincinnati. US 22 and US 40 run concurrently east of Zanesville to Cambridge in neighboring Guernsey County, where they split. From there, US 22 continues on a northeasterly course to Steubenville, Pittsburgh, and eventually to the New York City area. US 40 mainly remains close to I-70, and continues eastward to Wheeling, West Virginia, Baltimore, Maryland, and finally its eastern terminus, Atlantic City, New Jersey.

North-south state highways 60 and 93 (which were originally state highways 77 and 75, respectively, being renumbered when Interstates with the same numbers were built in Ohio) also pass through Zanesville. Other state routes include 666, 555, 719, and 146.

The busiest road in town is Maple Avenue, a north-south thoroughfare roughly connecting the downtown area to newer retail centers on the north edge of the city. Some other major roads include Maysville Avenue, which is a north-south route from the historic Putnam Avenue district through South Zanesville to Maysville. It is route 22 and 93. East Pike and West Pike is route 40 on both sides of Zanesville. East Pike is also route 22 and it goes from downtown to the village of New Concord. West Pike goes from Western Zanesville to the West Muskingum area.

Other moderately busy roads include North 7th Street, Sharon Avenue, Wayne Avenue, 9th Street, Underwood Street, Putnam Avenue, Adair Avenue, Newark Road, Dresden Road, Northpointe Drive, Linden Avenue, State Street, Military Road, Pine Street, Pershing Road, Maple Avenue, and Marietta Street.

Moreover, Zanesville has three historic neighborhoods: Putnam, McIntire, and the Brighton area.

Downtown[edit]

The view of downtown Zanesville from Putnam Hill Park

The boundary for downtown to the north is Interstate 70, the canal to the south, Underwood Street to the east and the Muskingum River to the west. After the Civil War, the city grew in size and gained prominence in the state in regards to manufacturing and textiles. The city was also notoriously known for its bootlegging activities in the Prohibition era. From the 1820s until the 1970s, Downtown Zanesville was the premiere economic center of the city with various factories, offices, small to large stores, many small/large hotels, over a dozen stage/movie theaters, near twenty churches, and nearby neighborhoods (largely of Irish or German ethnicity). Since the 1970s, the downtown has been on the decline with mainly banks, law offices, churches and small shops, but the city continues to work on its image and business potential.

The Y-shaped bridge is located downtown and enables locals to give tourists directions that include “turning left or right” in the middle of the bridge. The Y-Bridge has been an aviation landmark for many years. Amelia Earhart was quoted as saying, “Zanesville is the easiest recognized city from the air because of the Y- Bridge.”[16]

The Muskingum County Courthouse is located in Zanesville on U.S. Route 40, the National Road and the city's Main Street. The bell in the courthouse was manufactured by the same company that made the Liberty Bell.[citation needed]

Lock #10 located in Downtown Zanesville features a unique “double lock”. The Muskingum River Parkway and its 160-year-old navigation system were designated a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) in July 2001. Other landmarks so designated are the Hoover Dam, the Empire State Building and the Golden Gate Bridge.

A growing artists' colony (10 locations) is located throughout downtown Zanesville. The monthly “First Friday” event is a popular event celebrating the local artists and their work. Two galleries opened on Main Street in November 2007. The artists' colony of Zanesville website is [2]. The Zanesville police station and fire station are also in downtown.

Outdoor art is sited at many locations. A variety of murals depict the city's local heritage and honor war veterans. The newest mural (7th & Market Streets) is a panorama of downtown with an emphasis on the notable Y-Bridge. The John McIntire Library has an outdoor rubbing wall that tells the history of Zanesville and Muskingum County. The wall features custom ceramic tiles with historical inserts.

The Freight Shops on Market Street offer a unique setting for diners and shoppers. Located in the heart of the Zanesville railroad yard area, the Freight Shops are housed in one of the two remaining railroad structures that once supported freight and passenger services to travelers from around the world.

To the northeast of downtown, many restaurants line Underwood Street. In that area are also several hotels. The sternwheeler Lorena is docked along the Muskingum River to the west. Rides and dinners are available on it during the warmer months.

Secrest Auditorium is located on Shinnick and 5th streets. It has various performers yearly. Across 5th Street is the John McIntire Library, also home to the Muskingum County Historical Society's records.

Zanesville Y-Bridge[edit]

The Zanesville Y-Bridge, seen from a high bluff south of the river confluence.

A Y-shaped bridge (called the "Y-Bridge") spans the confluence of the Licking and Muskingum rivers. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, it is one of very few bridges of its type in the United States. It has been rebuilt numerous times since the 1850s. Visitors to the city are often surprised when they receive directions including the statement, "Drive to the middle of the bridge and turn right." New York City's Triborough Bridge spanning the confluence of the East River, Harlem River, and Bronx Kill has some topographic similarities to the Y Bridge, but it consists of three separate bridges which meet at an island junction in the middle of the water.

Government[edit]

The city government is a Mayor/Council (10 members) elected form of government. Zanesville Police Department was formed in 1865 with 6 officers. Today the department has over 55 officers and 40 more support staff. The City Fire Department became fully paid staff in 1879. This department today has over 45 members working 24 on & 48 hours off, staffing 3 stations.

Education[edit]

Education[edit]

College[edit]

Library[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Muskingum County Animal Farm[edit]

On October 19, 2011, Terry Thompson, 62, the owner of the Muskingum County Animal Farm, opened all the cages of the animals kept on the farm, then committed suicide, without leaving a note or explanation of any kind. He had in recent weeks been released from jail, after serving a year's time on an illegal firearms conviction. A total of 56 exotic and dangerous animals were set loose into the surrounding countryside. The animals included wolves, black bears, grizzly bears, full-grown male lions, lionesses, baboons, mountain lions, and 18 full-grown tigers, authorities said. Local police enlisted the help of professional zookeeper and animal tracker Jack Hanna to assist the efforts to control the animals.[23] Local schools were closed and residents were advised by roadsigns of the danger involved in exiting their vehicles, and to remain indoors until the crisis was resolved.

One grizzly bear, three leopards, and two monkeys were captured unharmed and transported to the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium.

Numerous animals were killed, including eight bears, twenty lions, and eighteen tigers; they were buried on the Thompson farm. Tranquilizers were used unsuccessfully on some animals. One monkey, which was believed to have been carrying the Herpes B virus, was captured. There were no reports of injuries to humans.[24]

In popular culture[edit]

  • In 1966, a reported UFO sighting was made by Zanesville barber Ralph Ditter. The photos spread around the country and the world. In addition, they were even published in various magazines, such as Mechanics Illustrated. However, these photos were later proven to be a hoax.
  • In the episode Of Tiny Toon Adventures, Sawdust and Toonsil, Babs, Buster, and Plucky are left stranded by GoGo Dodo in a rural area marked with a sign saying: Zainsville Ohio Pop. 10.
  • The 2011 Ohio exotic animal release was widely covered by national and international news outlets.
  • The famous jazz saxophonist Charlie Barnet composed the song "Zanesville Zohio zzz."
  • In Australia, the Seven Network's reality television series The World's Strictest Parents featured a family from Zanesville, Ohio.[25]
  • In 2012, Zanesville Athletic FC was founded. Zanesville Athletic will play in the National Premier Soccer League (NPSL) starting in May 2013. They are members of the Midwest Great Lakes Conference. The home field is located in South Zanesville at the Maysville Athletic Complex (MAC) on the campus of Maysville Local School District.
  • In 2013, The webcomic Broodhollow makes mention of Zanesville as a town founded by the main character Wadsworth Zane's ancestors.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ "FIPS Common Codes for Ohio". Retrieved 8 May 2012. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ http://columbia.tfd.com/Zanesville.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Level III Ecoregions of Ohio". National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 28 September 2013. 
  10. ^ "Station Name: OH ZANESVILLE MUNI AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-06-28. 
  11. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  13. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  15. ^ "City of Lost Boundaries", Jet, Nov 22, 1951
  16. ^ City of Zanesville Website, accessed February 15, 2008.
  17. ^ "Kurt Abott". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  18. ^ "COX, Samuel Sullivan, (1824 - 1889)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  19. ^ "GAYLORD, James Madison, (1811 - 1874)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Study for Woolworth Building, New York". World Digital Library. 1910-12-10. Retrieved 2013-07-25. 
  21. ^ "Kevin Martin". Basketball=Reference.com. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  22. ^ "Jay Payton". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  23. ^ Bishop, Greg and Timothy Williams (2011-10-19). "Police Kill Dozens of Animals Freed on Ohio Reserve". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  24. ^ "Dozens of Exotic Animals Killed After Release Ohio Preserve, as Diseased Monkey Remains Missing". FOX News. 2011-10-19. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  25. ^ [1]

External links[edit]